Showing posts sorted by relevance for query zuiki. Sort by date Show all posts
Showing posts sorted by relevance for query zuiki. Sort by date Show all posts


Sato-imo Taro


Taro (sato-imo)

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: All Autumn
***** Category: Plant


taro 芋 (いも) imo
Colocasia antiquorum Schott var. esculenta
imo is also used in combination for all kinds of other potatoes.

In contrast to the YAM (yama imo) which grows in the mountains, this was also called
"root from the village", satoimo, sato imo 里芋
taro imo タロ芋
But in Northern Japan there are some areas where this plant is called "yama imo".
In Kyushu, the word IMO came to indicate the sweet potato (Satsuma imo).
CLICK for more photos

imo batake 芋畑(いもばたけ)fiels of taro
oyaimo 親芋(おやいも)parent taro
koimo 子芋(こいも)child taro
dotare 土垂(どたれ)"hanging on the ground"

kinu katsugi 衣被ぎ(きぬかつぎ)
unblemished taro, they are boiled in the skin
lit. "wrapped in cloth"

imo no aki 芋の秋(いものあき)autumn of the taro
... imo aki 芋秋(いもあき)

Bungo imo 豊後芋(ぶんごいも)taro from Bungo
Yoshihama imo 吉浜芋(よしはまいも)taro from Yoshihama
Yoshino imo 吉野芋(よしのいも)taro from Yoshino

dango imo 団子芋(だんごいも)taro for balls
shiro imo 白芋(しろいも)white taro
shigami imo しがみ芋(しがみいも)
futo imo 太芋(ふといも)thick taro
akame imo 赤芽芋(あかめいも)taro with red buds
taimo, ta imo 田芋(たいも)taro in the field

eguimo, egu imo 蘞芋(えぐいも)、
hasu imo 蓮芋(はすいも)"taro like lotus"

satoimo dengaku 里芋田楽(さといもでんがく)
with miso paste

CLICK for more photos
zuiki、芋茎(ずいき)stem of the taro
zuiki imo ずいき芋(ずいきいも)zuiki taro
imogara 芋がら(いもがら) , imo no kuki 芋の茎
ZUIKI 随喜 can also mean "to weep with joy", and this name reminds us of a poem by the priest Muso Kokushi 夢窓国師 about this plant, hence the name.

. . . . Zuiki matsuri ずいきまつり Taro and Vegetable Festival
and more about Muso Kokushi !

In Okinawa they are called "field potato",
"tanmuu" 田芋(タンムー).

. . . Different types of satoimo
yatsugashira ヤツガシラ / 八つ頭
serebesu セレベス Celebes
kyooimo 京芋 "potatoes from Kyoto"
ebiimo エビ芋 "shrimp potato"

Yahataimo, Yahata-imo やはたいも taro from Yahata
This is a specially tasty kind from Yamanashi prefecture. After Takeda Shingen had build a dam against the river, the earth, full of debris, was very suitable for vegetables which like water, but not wet feet.
Some farmers in the 7th generation grow these special potatos, which even make their way to expensive restaurants in Kyoto.
CLICK here for PHOTOS !

Varying with the root, the parent root or the child roots are eaten.

from one satoimo サトイモ there are some generations
oyaimo 芋(おやいも) parent potato
koimo 子芋 child potato
magoimo 孫芋 grandchildren potato

© PHOTO : ikimono8000


Taro is a tropical plant grown primarily as a vegetable food for its edible corm, and secondarily as a leaf vegetable. It is considered a staple in oceanic cultures. It is believed to be one of the earliest cultivated plants. In its raw form the plant is toxic due to the presence of calcium oxalate, although the toxin is destroyed by cooking or can be removed by steeping taro roots in cold water overnight. Taro is closely related to Xanthosoma and Caladium, plants commonly grown as ornamentals, and like them it is sometimes loosely called elephant ear. The name "taro" is from Tahitian or other Polynesian languages; the plant is also called kalo (from Hawaiian), gabi in The Philippines, dalo in Fiji, seppankizhangu in Tamil, and Karkalo in Nepali.
In Japan,it is called satoimo (サトイモ ,satoimo); kanji: 里芋; literally "sato potato". It is often simmered. The size and shape is like a brussels sprout. The child satoimo and grandchild satoimo are called imonoko (芋の子 ).
Satoimo is believed to have been propagated from Southeast Asia in the late Jōmon period and it was one of the staple foods before rice became predominant.

In the Philippines, taro is called gabi.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


Ishikawa imo 石川芋 taro from Ishikawa
Ishikawa is a small town near Osaka.
They are round and about 4 cm in diameter and taste rather "umai". They are exported to many markets in West-Japan. They taste good when steamed with the skin, then peeled and sprinkled with salt.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !


koimo, ko-imo 小芋 "small taro potato"
Especially used for dished during the full moon party time in Autumn, in Kyoto since the Heian period.
. . . CLICK here for Photos ! 

koimo nori-ae : Taro Potatoes Rolled in Crumbled Seaweed

There is also a sweet for the moon-viewing parties of the same name, so be careful not to mix it.


takenokoimo, take no ko imo たけのこいも / 竹の子芋
taro "like bamboo shoots"
"bamboo shoot satoimo", Japanese taro corn
佐賀県 from Saga prefecture
They look like a bamboo shoot and have to be peeled like one to get to the delicious parts to eat.
Also called Kyooimo, Kyoo imo 京いも.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

tsurunokoimo, tsuru no ko imo 鶴の子芋
"like a baby crane"
It has a longish form like a small crane.

Used for Takamori Dengaku 高森田楽 dishes.
They will help prevent a couple from fighting (fuufu kenka), because you have to watch the ingredients grilling on the other side of the open hearth (irori) to see that all is grilled equally ... and so peace in the family is kept.
CLICK here for PHOTOS !
From 阿蘇高森田楽の里, Kumamoto


Food with taro roots 里芋料理
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Dentooji satoimo 伝灯寺里芋 sato imo from temple Dentoji
from Kanazawa, Kaga food, Ishikawa prefecture

imoni kai 芋煮会 meeting to cook taro in autumn
In Yamgagta, Miyagi, Shimane.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
Imoni with Yonezawa beef
imoni nabe いも煮鍋
imonijiru 芋煮汁

imo ohagi いもおはぎ dumplings made from potatoes
and other satoimo ryori
..... satoimo no oyaki 里芋のおやき
..... satoimo no nimono 里芋・大根・いかの煮物
..... satoimo no goma-ae 里芋のごま和え
..... satoimo no dengaku 里芋の田楽
from Toyama

imotako 芋蛸 いもたこ octopus and satoimo potatoes
from Kagawa

kinukatsugi, kinu katsugi 衣被 (きぬかつぎ)
cooked satoimo taro potatoes
The name means a silk robe of a lady of the Heian period aristocracy.
A special kind of potato (satoimo 里芋) is cooked with the peel (the "silk robe"), then the peel is taken off and the mash slightly salted.
They are usually served for the tsukimi moon viewing parties in Autumn.
CLICK here for Photos !

noppeijiru のっぺい汁 soup with taro, carrots and konnyak
Often made for the harvest festival and for the New Year celebrations.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

satoimo dengaku 里芋田楽(さといもでんがく)

satoimo no nikorogashi 里芋の煮ころがし
"simmered and rolled" taro, in soy sauce, mirin and dashi.
This was the "taste of mother" (ofukuro no aji) until the advent of potatoes and "nikujaga" became more popular.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

yatsugashira やつがしら/ 八頭 "eight heads"
type of taro
Colocasia antiquorum Schott. var. esculenta
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
This is served as an auspicious food to people who are supposed to "lead others" (hito no ue ni tatsu), like a parent potato with many children potatoes around him.
Served for the New Year.

zuiki no nutaae ずいきのぬたあえ
satoimo potato stems with vinegared miso paste
from Kagawa
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
Dried zuiki was a food ration in castles of the Edo period, since it kept well and provided some vitamins.

More dishes with 里芋

Worldwide use


yamaimo - Jamswurzel (Duden spelling), Yamswurzel
satsumaimo - Süßkartoffel



gabi (English: taro)
is a tuberous plant. It's a root crop. The tubers (roots) differ in color and size. A seize of about 30 cm long, is possible. The flesh inside is white. The taste of both leaves and tuber is acid. Cooking (with the skin removed) or baking takes this acid taste away. It is a native vegetable of India and parts of South-East Asia. The leaves are used in soups and stews, the cooked tuber is consumed as sweets, desserts or used in vegetable dishes.
Philippines : GABI

soup with taro
my homework gone cold
on the table

soup with taro
the deep lines
on our cook's face

Ella Wagemakers, May 2009

Things found on the way

tsukimi dango from Nagoya 名古屋 月見団子 dumplings in three colors
for moon viewing
In the shape of taro roots.


inochi koso imo dane yo mata kyoo no tsuki

Read the discussion of this hokku :
. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .


kinu-katsugi fuyu e no warai o takuwaeru

taro in the skin -
we store our laughter
for winter 

Tsujimoto Sachiko 辻本幸子
source :


Taro roots (sato imo) were prepared as offerings, and moon-viewing doubled as a harvest festival. This became so widespread that the full moon in mid-fall also came to be known as imo meigetsu.

imo meigetsu 芋名月 "Sweet Potato Full Moon"
kigo for mid-autumn

Related words

bareisho 馬鈴薯 ばれいしょ potato
... jagaimo じゃがいも, ジャガイモ Kartoffel 

kansho 甘藷 (かんしょ) sweet satsuma potato
さつまいも, サツマイモ


kigo for mid-spring, humanity

imo uu 里芋植う planting taro
sato-imo uu 里芋植う(さといもうう)

taneimo, tane-imo 種芋(たねいも)seed potato (Taro-Saatkartoffel)
imo no me芋の芽(いものめ)buts of the taro plant
imo nae 藷苗(いもなえ)taro seedlings


. Kobayashi Issa 小林一茶 in Edo .

imo no ha ya oya wan hodo no tsuyu no tama

taro leaf --
this dewdrop would fill
a rice bowl

This lunar autumn hokku is from the seventh month (August) of 1813, the year Issa moved back to his hometown. On 6/18 a boil on his hip became so bad during a trip that he had to stop and recuperate at the house of a student in a nearby town, and he was receiving treatment there when this hokku was written. Issa's recuperation took seventy-five days in all. He was nevertheless sometimes cheerful, and for the Star Festival on 7/7 he wrote:

utsukushi ya shooji no ana no amanogawa

magnificent --
the Milky Way through
a hole in the paper door

Unable to go outside, Issa tries to see the night sky through a hole in the paper on the wood-frame and paper sliding door that stands closed between his room and the garden outside. The narrow, constricted view and his own inability to move seem by contrast to make the Milky Way even more beautiful and moving than when he could easily watch the whole sky.

Taro leaves play an important part in the Star Festival, since the dew left on them in the morning is, according to legend, spilled on them during the night by the Milky Way. For this reason, people use dew collected from taro leaves to mix heaven-given ink and then write down their prayers to the star gods of the festival. In the first hokku above, however, Issa also seems to be thinking of the ancient homophony of the word for dew or water drop (tama) and the word for soul and life (tama). These meanings were commonly overlapped in Japanese poetry and prose, and Issa several times in hokku in this part of his diary uses tama to refer to the autumn dew outside, to his own life and soul, and to the soul of a haikai poet named Matsui, who belonged to the same Katsushika school of haikai to which Issa belonged when he was young. Matsui had died in the fifth month of 1813, so his soul was returning to its first O-Bon (Tama-matsuri) or Festival for Returning Souls in the middle of the seventh month, and Issa wrote several hokku that seem to refer to Matsui's soul as well as to his own mortality. The first hokku above is placed among these hokku.

Taro leaves are very large and usually heart-shaped. Many of them are also deep in the center and suggest large green cups or bowls. Issa says that one or more tama or drop of dew is on the leaf, and I take it to be mainly a single large drop, with most of the separate dewdrops having rolled downward and collected in the deepest part of the leaf. The image of a single large dewdrop much larger than normal also fits with the tenor of several hokku near this hokku in Issa's diary that suggest the importance of living on even though autumn is deepening. Issa might be thinking of his own life and soul (tama) as a gift from heaven, the Milky Way, and the universe and hoping it is large enough to allow him several more years of life in his hometown, to which he has just returned. Possibly Issa might also be thinking of a very large drop of dew as a healing counter-image to his large, pus-oozing boil. And several other readings suggest themselves. This vigorous hokku seems almost spherical in terms of its meanings.

Chris Drake


***** WASHOKU :







CLICK for more photos

Kumamoto Prefecture (熊本県,Kumamoto-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on Kyūshū Island. The capital is the city of Kumamoto.

Historically the area was called Higo 肥後 province and was renamed to Kumamoto prefecture during the Meiji Restoration as part of the abolition of the feudal system. The current Japanese orthography for Kumamoto literally means "bear root/origin", or "origin of the bear".

Mt. Aso, Aso san 阿蘇山 (1592 m), an extensive active volcano, is in the east of Kumamoto Prefecture. This volcano is located at the center of the Aso caldera, the most famous caldera in Japan.

Kato Kiyomasa, a contemporary of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, was made daimyo of half of the (old) administrative region of Higo in 1588.

© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

The Ariake Sea (有明海, Ariake-kai, Ariakekai)

WKD : Frost Shrine (Shimo Jinja 霜神社)
Aso Shrine (阿蘇神社 Aso-jinja)


A lot of horse meat is eaten in Kumamoto.
Horse meat, baniku ばにく/ 馬肉 , sakuraniku 桜肉

sakuranattoo, sakura nattoo 桜納豆 finely cut raw horse meat with natto, an egg and some mustard

basashi 馬刺し sashimi of horse meat

umashabu 馬しゃぶ Shabushabu with horse meat
CLICK here for PHOTOS !

warishita わりした broth at the end of a sukiyaki is eaten with kishimen noodles.
see: soysauce


Kareigawa Ekiben Station Lunchbox

百年の旅物語 かれい川 Kareigawa
only with local vegetables.
gane ガネ local name for kakiage, tempura of vegetables
It is prepared with sliced sticks of sweet potatoes, carrots and nira leek takes about 3 hours to prepare!
A pair of mother and daughter prepare only 30 packs for each sunday, and is always sold out immediately. The station house is an old wooden building.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !


Higo yasai 肥後野菜 vegetables from Higo

hitomoji ひともじ hitomoji leek
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Kasuga boobura 春日ぼうぶら kind of gourd
boobura ぼうぶら【南瓜】 (bobura) is the way they are called in West-Japan. From the Portugese abobora.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Kumamoto ingen 熊本いんげん ingen beans

Kumamoto Kyoona 熊本京菜 kyona leafy

Kumamoto naga ninjin  長人参 long carrots

Kumamoto nasu 熊本なす eggplants

Kumamoto negi 熊本ねぎ leek

Temple Suizenji is place name in the Kumamoto town area. During the Edo period, the Daimyo Hosokawa Tadatoshi 細川忠利 had build a temple in the area, which was later rebuild elsewhere and thea area became a large park, Joojuu en 成趣園 or Suizenji Kooen 水前寺公園.
. Hosokawa Tadatoshi 細川忠利 (1586 – 1641) .

Suizenji moyashi 水前寺もやし been sprouts from Suizenji
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Suizenjina, suizenji na 水前寺菜 "leafy vegetables from Temple Suizenji"
One leaf side is green and the other violet.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Suizenjinori, suizenji nori 水前寺のり seaweed

Suizenjiseri, suizenji seri 水前寺せり dropwort

Dentoo yasai 伝統野菜 Traditional Vegetables from Japan
Dento Yasai


More Dishes from Kumamoto 熊本の郷土料理
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Amakusa daioo 天草大王 "king of Amakusa"
a local chicken brand
The meat is also used for a "chicken shabu shabu"
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

chikuwa sarada ちくわサラダ chikuwa filled with potato salad
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

furikake gohan no tomo ご飯の供 "friend of the cooked rice"
CLICK here for PHOTOS !
Kumamoto was one of the first places to develop furikake, toppings to sprinkle on rice. They also sprinkle it on other dishes like natto and salads.
CLICK for more photos A new one to sprinkle on "rice with a raw egg" (tamagokake gohan 卵かけご飯) is developed, where you put the raw egg on the rice and the topping all around and do not use soy sauce any more.

hamaguri ryoori ハマグリ料理 / 蛤料理
dishes with hamaguri clams

Higo dried taro root, higo zuiki 肥後ずいき

CLICK for more photos

The dried root of a taro is bundled together, looking almost like a male symbol.
It has been used by the ladies as such ...

随喜 zuiki, great pleasure, shedding tears of joy

This root is longer than the normal taro roots, and maybe started being introduced after the first Europeans came to the area. Some say, the cucumber for an European lady, the zuiki for a Japanese geisha!

芋茎(ずいき) Zuiki Taro and the 随喜 Zuiki Vegetable Festival
also spelled
suiki すいき.


ikinaridago, ikinari dago いきなりだご
the local pronounciation of
ikinari dango いきなり団子 "all of a sudden dumplings"
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

kaki 牡蠣 カキ / 熊本カキ Kumamoto oysters,
There is a local variety of oysters, that is now revived to produce a regional speciality since Autumn of 2009.
From 1949 to 1958 these oysters had been exported to the West Coast of America and grown there.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
Reference : Kumamoto Oysters

karashi renkon 辛子れんこん lotus root with mustard paste

kidako きだこ moray eel
Gymnothorax kidako
local dialect for the utsubo うつぼ, taken from the latin name of the animal.
The fish has a very large mouth with strong teeth and can bite the fishermen.
It has a very thick skin and many small bones. But through special preparation, it is now sold packed with a miso paste to make a hodgepodge, kidakonabe きだこ(うつぼ)鍋 with a lot of collagen.
From Amakusa.
CLICK here for PHOTOS !

kumaebi, kuma-ebi くまえび / 隈海老 / クマ海老
Green tiger prawn
from Kumamoto, also called aka-ashi ebi 赤あし
Penaeus semisulcatus
They are caught in special boats in the Yatsushirokai 八代海.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
Also in the Seto Inland Sea

. Utasebune 打瀬船
boats for catching shrimp


raisuyaki ライス焼き "fried rice", rice on o-konomiyaki
with special toppings of miso paste with mayonaise, shrimp, meat and anything you like ... even with curry taste.
It was "invented" by a housewife who told her husband to mix mayonaise with miso (things all kids like) and prepare a simpel fast food for dinner . . . more than 30 years ago, still a favorite of the region.
The restaurant now prepares more than 400 meals a day, many for home delivery.


shooyu suiitsu 醤油スイーツ sweets made with soy sauce
suiitsu shooyu スイーツ醤油 soy sauce for sweets

suika スイカ watermelon
Kumamoto is one of the great producing areas. Before the war, a variety with a thick outer skin were produced. After eating the red fruit, the housewife cuts the thick skin off and puts the leftovers, cut to bite size, in a bolw, mix it with salt and let it stay for a day.
suika no asazuke スイカを漬物.
Even now, with varieties of a much thinner outer skin, this pickle is loved in Kumamoto.

Takamori Dengaku 高森田楽
From Aso, Takamori village 阿蘇高森田楽の里

Tsuetate purin 杖立プリン pudding from Tsuetate
from Tsuetate Onsen hot spring 杖立温泉 , 小国町
This small town is also known for its koinobori carp streamers over the small river in town and its many very narrow alleys with hot spring ryokan lodgings.
CLICK here for PHOTOS !


yubeshi ゆべし yuzu dumplings
with ?miso, rice and lots of yuzu or citron fruit juice, sometimes with walnuts

Princess Atsuhime liked this very much. When she travelled by land to Edo, she also found yubeshi in the postal station of Yakage in Okayama 岡山県矢掛町 and ordered more than 500 packs of it to share with others.

. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Worldwide use

Things found on the way

miru ミル miru seaweed

Codium fragile.
Green sea fingers, Dead man's fingers, felty fingers, felt-alga, Green sponge, Green fleece
This siphonous alga is dark green in color. It appears as a fuzzy patch of tubular fingers. These formations hang down from rocks during low tide.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

It has a special finger form which later became the pattern of a local white and blue pottery,

Takahama yaki 高浜焼
from Amakusa 天草

It is part of the tradtion of
Amakusa Toojiki 天草陶磁器 ceramics

First established in 1762 by Ueda Dengoemon 上田伝五右衛門.


Related words

***** WASHOKU : Regional Dishes
- #kumamoto -





The Japanese Vegetable Saijiki



Vegetables of Autumn ... aki no yasai 秋の野菜

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: Autumn
***** Category: Plants


The Haiku AUTUMN begins on August 8, according to the Asian lunar calendar.

Berries, fruit, mushrooms etc. will be listed elsewhere.

aki yasai 秋野菜
CLICK for more photos


Early Autumn

green beans
sayaingen, saya Ingen さやいんげん 莢隠元 string beans, French beans
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
Stangenbohne (nicht unbedingt: Grüne Erbse)
The Ingen mame gets its name from the priest Ingen who brought the beans (Ingen mame 隠元豆) from China in the 16th century.
Embassies to China 遣唐使 Gabi Greve
BEANS as KIGO for autumn

potato, potatoes 馬鈴薯 (じゃがいも) jaga imo
... jagaimo じゃがいも、
jagatara imo じゃがたらいも "potatoes from Jakarta"
hasshoo imo 八升芋(はっしょういも)
bareisho 馬鈴薯(ばれいしょ)

wax gourd, white gourd-melon 冬瓜 (とうが) tooga
toogan とうがん、kamo-uri かもうり、
toogajiru 冬瓜汁(とうがじる)soup with wax gourd
Benincasa hispida
It used to be the food of poor people in the Edo period, when the outside of the fruit was white with a natural powder, inside more seeds. Now they are cleaned and green and have more flesh. The tasteless flesh takes on any seasoning and tasts good with all kinds of preparations.
Mostly produced in Aichi prefecture.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !



foxtail millet 粟 (あわ) awa
ears of the foxtail millet 粟の穂(あわのほ)awa no ho
field with millet 粟畑(あわばたけ)awabatake
foxtail millet mochi 粟餅(あわもち)awamochi
rice with foxtail millet 粟飯(あわめし)awameshi

Selling kumade and awamochi in Edo

. awamochi no kyokutsuki 栗餅の曲つき in Edo .

maize 玉蜀黍 (とうもろこし) toomorokoshi
morokoshi もろこし、yakitookibi 焼唐黍(やきとうきび)
nanban kibi 南蛮黍(なんばんきび)"millet from the Southern barbarians" (Europeans)
nanban なんばん "Barabarians's food"
kooraikibi 、高麗黍(こうらいきび)"millet from the Koreans"
tookibi 玉黍(とうきび), tookibi 唐黍(とうきび) "millet from China"
Introduced to Japan since the Meiji period.
WKD : Maize, corn in Kenya

millet 黍 (きび) kibi
ears of the millet 黍の穂(きびのほ)kibi no ho
cutting millet, 黍刈る(きびかる)kibi karu
"pulling out millet" 黍引く(きびひく) kibi hiku
field with millet 黍畑(きびばた)kibibata
millet dumplings 黍団子(きびだんご) kibi dango
. Momotaro and Okayama specialities .

. WKD : Millet (awa, hie, kibi)

propagule 零余子 (むかご) mukago
nukago ぬかご、mukabu 球芽(むかぶ)
imoko いもこ mukago tori零余子とり(むかごとり)
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

red pepper leaves 葉唐辛子 (はとうがらし) ha toogarashi

03 boat with sweet potatoes
Satsumaimo, satsuma imo 薩摩薯(さつまいも)
sweet potatoes

sprouts of radish or turnips 貝割菜 (かいわりな) k
kaiwarena 貝割れ菜(かいわれな)、kaiwarina 殻割菜(かいわりな)
... futaba na 二葉菜(ふたばな)
..... mabiki na 間引菜 (まびきな), nuki na 抜菜(ぬきな)
tsumami na 摘み菜(つまみな), nakanuki na 中抜き菜(なかぬきな)、uronuki na 虚抜き菜(うろぬきな), kona 小菜(こな)"small leaves",
namabiku 菜間引く(なまびく) thinning out the sprouts


Late Autumn

beet, table beet 火焔菜 (かえんさい) kaensai
Beta vulgaris L. var. rapa Dumort
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
rote Rübe

eggplant seedlings 種茄子 (たねな) tane nasu

radish sprouts 中抜大根 (なかぬきだいこん) nakanuki daikon
uronuki daidon 虚抜き大根(うろぬきだいこん), oronuki daikon 疎抜き大根(おろぬきだいこん)
mabiki daikon 間引大根(まびきだいこん) thinning out radish plants

shalott flowers, rakkyoo no hana 辣韮の花 (らっきょうのはな)
..... 薤の花(らっきょうのはな)

taro stems 芋茎 (ずいき) zuiki
... imo gara 芋殻(いもがら)
... imo no kuki 芋の茎(いものくき)
... 、芋茎干す(ずいきほす) drying the stem of taro
Taro imo, sato-imo as a KIGO and an explanation of the naming
. Dishes with ZUIKI

wolfberry. Lycium rhombifolium
berries of wolfberry 枸杞の実 (くこのみ) kuko no mi
kuko shi 枸杞子(くこし)
kuko shu 枸杞酒(くこしゅ) ricewine with wolfberries


All Autumn

barngrass, barnyard grass ひえ【稗】 a kind of millet
Daruma hie だるまヒエ Strong variety, grown in Iwate prefecture and other places.
barnyard millet. Also widely eaten by the Ainu in Hokkaido.
When properly dried, barngrass grains can be stored for more than 10 years and were used by the poor farmers as a stash for times when the rice production failed.

Beans 豆、まめ mame all kinds of beans and peas

Chrysanthemum kiku

Edamame 枝豆 green soybeans on branches

Eggplants in autumn 秋茄子 (あきなす) aki nasu
... aki nasubi 秋なすび(あきなすび)
... nagori nasu 名残茄子(なごりなす)

Gourd and gourd pickles (uri)

Ginger, jinjaa ジンジャー, shooga 生姜

hajikami はじかみ(薑/椒) hajikami is a type of ginger
端赤 。。。 はじかみ 。。。 edges are red
hajikami comes from leaf ginger (hashooga 葉しょうが)
hajikami suzuke はじかみ(薑/椒) hajikami is a type of ginger
"blushing ginger pickle"
gari がり for sushi , or with fried fish

red pepper, hot pepper 唐辛子 (とうがらし) toogarashi

rice , Reis
Ine, the rice plant
rice plants in autumn, ine no aki 稲の秋
Kome, o-kome お米 cooked rice

Okra オクラ okura
... Amerika neriアメリカねり
... 陸蓮根(おかれんこん) oka renkon
Abelmoschus esculentus
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !
It came to Japan after the Meiji restauration, first popular in Okinawa. Ishigaki island and Nanjo Town in Okinawa are one of the growing areas, also Amakusa in Kyushu.
Cut in small circles for salads and dressing. Boiled to go with other vegetables.
Ground okra gives a sticky mass, which is loved by some gourmets in Japan, like the other tororo "slimy" dishes.
Fried and katsuobuhsi are added. Eaten blanched for a moment and then miso is added.
. . . CLICK here for FOOD Photos !

Pumpkins, Kabocha ... all sorts of pumpkins
Shishigatani kabocha 鹿ヶ谷南瓜(カボチャ)pumpkins from Shishigatani

Pepper, red hot pepper, paprika (papurika) and more
piiman, pimento, bellpepper, Piment, Nelkenpfeffer
Togarashi,toogarashi 唐辛子 red hot pepper Shichimi Togarashi and more
Pimento Mori, some fun !

taro 芋 (いも) imo
Colocasia antiquorum Schott var. esculenta
imo batake 芋畑(いもばたけ)fiels of taro
oyaimo 親芋(おやいも)parent taro
koimo 子芋(こいも)child taro
kinu katsugi 衣被ぎ(きぬかつぎ)
imo no aki 芋の秋(いものあき)autumn of the taro
... imo aki 芋秋(いもあき)
dotare 土垂(どたれ)"hanging on the ground"
Bungo imo 豊後芋(ぶんごいも)taro from Bungo
Yoshihama imo 吉浜芋(よしはまいも)taro from Yoshihama
Yoshino imo 吉野芋(よしのいも)taro from Yoshino
dango imo 団子芋(だんごいも)taro for balls
shiro imo 白芋(しろいも)white taro
shigami imo しがみ芋(しがみいも)
futo imo 太芋(ふといも)thick taro
akame imo 赤芽芋(あかめいも)taro with red buds
taimo, ta imo 田芋(たいも)taro in the field
eguimo, egu imo 蘞芋(えぐいも)、
hasu imo 蓮芋(はすいも)"taro like lotus"
imogara 芋がら(いもがら)、
zuiki、芋茎(ずいき)stem of the taro
zuiki imo ずいき芋(ずいきいも)zuiki taro
satoimo dengaku 里芋田楽(さといもでんがく)

yam 自然薯 (じねんじょ ) jinenjo
... yama imo, yamaimo, yama-imo 山芋(やまいも) "mountain potato"
... yama no imo 山の芋(やまのいも)
... naga imo 薯蕷 (ながいも)
naga-imo 長薯(ながいも)
rakuda imo 駱駝薯(らくだいも) "camel potato"
tsukune imo 仏掌薯 (つくねいも) "Buddha Hands yam"
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
... tsuku imo つくいも、
... tuskune つくね、kobushi imo こぶしいも "fist potato"
kashuu imo 何首烏芋 (かしゅういも)Dioscorea bulbifera L

Things found on the way


秋野菜 だいこん畑 きゃべつだよ
aki yasai daikon batake kyabetsu da yo

autumn vegetables -
a field full of radishes
and cabbage

source : 里山散歩


bush clover,
eulalia, arrowroot,
pink, patrinia,
also, mistflower
and morning faces flower

Seven Herbs of Autumn (aki no nanakusa 秋の七草)

Sieben Herbstgräser (秋の七草 aki no nanakusa)
Buschklee (hagi), Nelke (nadeshiko), Wasserdost (fujibakama), Glockenblume (kikyoo), Knabenkraut (kuzu), Goldbaldrian (ominaeshi), Susuki-Gras (susuki)

kuzu ryoori 葛料理 dishes made from arrowroot starch
Yoshino kuzu 吉野葛 from Nara prefecture

Planting, harvesting and preparing food in AUTUMN kigo





Wakayama Kumano Koya



Wakayama Prefecture

Wakayama Prefecture (和歌山県, Wakayama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the Kii Peninsula in the Kansai region on Honshū island. The capital is the city of Wakayama.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

In october, daidai mikan だいだい 和歌山 are shipped to all of Japan.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Koya San in Wakayama 高野山

The ancient Kumano Pilgrims Road
Kumano Kodoo, Kumano Kodō (熊野古道)

Waterfall of Nachi, Nachi no Taki


Regional dishes from Wakayama 和歌山の郷土料理
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

In olden times, many refugees from the capital found a new home in the valleys of Wakayama and brought some of the food culture from the capital (Nara, later Kyoto) with them.

ayuzushi, ayu sushi 鮎ずし sushi with sweetfish
best from the clear waters of the river Kozagawa 古座川
in this river there are also tenagaebi 手長えび、unagi うなぎ、zugani ずがに.
and other ayu dishes
ayu no nikuzushi 鮎の肉ずし、ayu no segohsi 鮎のせごし、ayu no shirago 鮎の白子 roe of the female、ayu no misoni 鮎の味噌煮、ayu no kanroni 鮎の甘露煮、aburiayu あぶり鮎、ayu no zoosui 鮎の雑炊

chagayu 大和の茶がゆ rice gruel cooked with tea
Especially in the mountainous area of Kumano, where each farmhouse has its own small tea plantation for private use. They can not grow much rice and to give the daily portions more volume, the rice was cooked with hoojicha tea until it was soft. It is now eaten for breakfast or dinner together with some side dishes.
The color is a brown-green mix.

gomadoofu, gomadofu, goma tofu ごま豆腐 tofu with sesame paste
Mount Koya is especially famous for this dish. It is very healthy and has a pleasant fragance.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

hijiki no tsukudani ひじきの佃煮 sweetly simmered hijiki seaweed
From Higashi Murogun 東牟婁. The seaweed is collected in early spring. funori and tengusa are also collected.

hoorakuyaki, hooraku yaki ほうらく焼き simmered in an earthen pot
Fish with white meat of the season is simmered in an earthen pot. Sauce from pickled plums is added.
hooroku 焙烙 / 炮烙 / ホーロク / ほうろく is a special earthen pot
hooraku is a local dialect version.

igami no nitsuke いがみの煮付け boiled igami fish
a typical fish of Soutern Wakayama, igami budai「いがみ(ブダイ)
Leptoscarus japonicus.
Served for the new year, boiled with its head and some potatoes to go with it.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

inoko mochi 猪子餅, 亥の子餅 ricecakes like little wild boars
Made for the autumn festival of Wild Boars (inoko matsuri いのこ祭り for the deity of Wild Boars 亥の神様, to see him off to the mountains for his winter rest.
The mochi war white and red anko is pasted around them. There are 12 in a common year and 13 in a leap year (uruudoshi 閏年), placed in a wooden masu as offering to the deity.
Marishiten and the wild boar mochi connection

imomochi, imo mochi いももち sweet potato mochi
mat along the coast of Kumano, where there was not enough space to grow rice. In former times, a little wheat and sweet potatoes was the daily food of the poor farmers, especially along the coast of Higashi Muro 東牟婁海岸. Their other food was
ukecha うけ茶, when the dried sweet potaotes were placed in a bowl of green tea.

itadori nimono イタドリ煮物 boiled itadori fern
gathered from the end of march. For keeping it is pickled in salt, shiozuke 塩漬け.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

jakozushi, jako sushi じゃこ寿司 sushi from small river fish
jako (zako) じゃこ【雑魚】
kawauo 川魚(じゃこ jako in the local dialect) river fish, they were quite common in the waters around Wakayama. They were boiled with sweet soy sauce and then put on sushi rice, eaten in summer and as oshizushi for the autumn festival. Often wrapped in a persimmon leaf, like the
Benkei no jakosushi 弁慶のじゃこすし
from fish of the river Ki no Kawa 紀ノ川 near Koya-san 高野山.


kaki 柿 persimmon
an important product of Wakayama

kushigaki 串柿 ( くしがき) dried persimmons on a stick
town of Shigo, Katsuragi

kakijamu, kaki jam 柿ジャム persimmon jam
It contains a lot of vitamin C, carotin and calium. Like this it could be eaten the whole year.

kaki no hazushi, kaki no ha sushi 柿の葉ずし sushi wrapped in a persimmon leaf
more famous in Nara 柿の葉 葉寿司

kaki no nukazuke 柿の粕漬け persimmons pickled in rice bran
from the Ito area 伊都地方, were Fuyuugaki 富有柿 were grown. It was a special gift of this area.

kakizuke daikon 柿漬け大根 pickled radish with persimmons
The peel of bitter persimmons was pickled with takuan radish in rice bran. The liquor from the fruit would give it a special fruity flavor.


kakimaze かきまぜ(o-maze おまぜ) mixed sushi
. . . kashiwa ha no sushi 柏葉のすし sushi in an oak tree leaf
with carrots, goboo, shiitake, fuki no to and bamboo shoots or other seasonal vegetables.
Prepared for memorial services in red color. For happy occasions and festivals yellow omelett stripes and pickled pink ginger were added.
Katsuura and Nachi area 那智勝浦町太田地域


kamakurazuke kamakura tsuke かまくら漬 / 鎌倉漬 fish sushi
from the Arita area 有田
Especially prepared for visitors, a kind of narezushi, mostly with saba, pickled together with radish, carrots and renkon lotus root, with a lot of salt, sugar and rice vinegar.


Kishuu no umeboshi 紀州の梅干 
dried plums from Kishu

Umeboshi 梅干 dried pickled salty plums
from 紀州産 南高 梅

Kishuu ume flavor 紀州梅を使用した梅味の柿の種 snack, kaki no tane
also with peanuts 紀州梅味 柿の種 ピーナッツ入り 
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Kishuu ume konbucha 紀州梅昆布茶 Kombu-Tea with ume flavor
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Kishuu ume koshu (furuzake) 紀州梅古酒 "old liquor"
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Kishuu ume monaka 紀州梅と梅最中 / 紀州梅もなか Waffers with ume
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Kishuu ume negijio raamen 紀州梅ネギ塩ラーメン soup with leek and pickled plums
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Kishuu ume sofuto 紀州梅ソフト soft icecream
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Kishuu ume suupu ほんのり紀州梅 スープ春雨 instant soup
with edamame beans and nori
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Kishuu ume tan / sumi 紀州梅炭 coal from Kishuu plum trees
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Kishuu ume zerii 紀州梅ゼリー jelly with plums from Kishu
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

CLICK for more photos
ume udon 梅うどん red udon noodles with ume in the dough
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
also as instant soup from Nisshin Ume Donbei どん兵衛

usujio Kishuu ume うす塩紀州梅 pickled with less salt

tomato ume とまと梅 tomato plum sauce
from Minabe Village, Yutosei 優糖星


kokerazushi, kokera sushi こけらずし layered festival sushi
From Matsue area 松江
For the autumn festival. Made with shrimp and seasoned fish powder (soboro).
kokerazushi 柿鮓 "wood shingled sushi", layered sushi

komugi mochi 小麦餅 wheat flour mochi
11 days after hangeshoo (はんげしょう)半夏生, the summer solstice.
haggeshoomochi 小麦餅(はげっしょう餅 )from Nara

kuenabe, kue nabe クエ鍋 kelp grouper hodgepodge
kue 九絵 Epinephelus moara
This fish loves the warmer sea south of the Kanto area. It grows until about 1 meter long. It lays its eggs in the cliffs around Hidaka coast. In winter, it is eaten in hodgepodge, as sashimi or soaked in ricewine.
from Hidaka 日高町
. . . CLICK here for Photos !


kujira 鯨 whale
Mostly caught in Taiji (太地町, Taiji-chō), located in Higashimuro District.
Taiji Whale Museum opened in 1969.
太地の鯨料理 紀州 Kishu Dishes with whale meat

Wada Kakuemon, later known as Taiji Kakuemon, invented the whaling net technique called Amitori hoo (網取法) to increase the safety and efficiency of whaling. This method lasted more than 200 years.

kujira no goma-ae 鯨のごま和え whale meat with sesame dressing
first prepared by 太地角右衛門 Taji Kakuemon in the Edo period. Also prepared with misoae.

kujira no tazuta age 鯨の竜田揚げ deep-fried whale meat
This was most common in the good old days.

kujira suteeki 鯨ステーキ whale meat steak

sarashikujira no sumiso-ae さらし鯨の酢味噌和え
whale meat with vinegar-miso paste dressing
sarashi kujira さらしくじら【晒し鯨】 The fins and skin are thinly cut, blanched in boiling water to get rid of the skin and then "cooled down" (sarashi) in ice water. This tasts good with a vinegary flavor dressing. It is also eaten in miso soup.
whale meat dishes as KIGO for summer

saezuri 鯨さえずり the tongue of the whale, often as sashimi or bacon
saezuri is a word for the twittering of birds
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

WKD : Whale, kigo for all winter


kurumimochi, kurumi mochi くるみ餅 mochi with walnuts
Mochi are prepared with the new rice for the autumn festival and offered to the tutelary clan deities (ujigami 氏神様) . Their light green color is pleasant.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

mamegohan, mame gohan 豆ごはん rice with reeen peas
from Inancho town 印南町, a growing region for endomame えんどう【豌豆】 podded peas.
There are many varieties of these peas like oranda オランダ、usui ウスイ、saya endoo サヤエンドウ. For cooking with rice, the usui-endo are used.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

menosushi, me no sushi めのすし sushi wrapped in seaweed
Every spring, a specially wide seaweed of the kombu family is harvested near East Muro town 東牟婁 (and in parts of neighbouring Mie prefecture).
antokume あんとくめ, hirome ひろめ are names for this seaweed. It is dried in the sun and can be used all year long for wrapping sushi.

Naraae, Nara ae, Nara-ae 奈良あえ Nara salad
with radish, carrots, abura-age tofu, dried shiitake mushrooms, goboo, and a sauce with sake, sugar, vinegar and salt.
The area of Hirai, Kozagawa 古座川町平井地区
. . . CLICK here for Photos of the area !
This area is famous for the fugitives from the capital Nara, who kept their food culture like in the old days. Their regional specialities have quite a revival these days. For example yuzu products and
ayuzushi and uzumidoofu in our list here.

ni namasu, ninamasu 煮なます boiled "namasu"
finely chopped raw fish and vegetables soaked in vinegar, then boiled

osasuri おさすり (ebitsu えびつ)festival confect
Offering on May 5, for the Boy's festival, together with chimaki dumplings.
They used to be made from wheat flour in green color or with past of soramame beans.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !


saba no hayazushi to amazake 鯖の早寿しと甘酒
mackerel sushi and sweet ricewine
From Hidaka 日高地方
Prepared for the autumn festival in October, a kind of narezushi (fermented sushi), but nowadays vineger is used.
narezushi is prepared for festivals since more than 800 years. The Arita area 有田 also has a long tradition. They wrap the sushi into a leaf similar to the susuki reed grass, called ase no ha sushi あせの葉寿司.

saba no takikomi gohan 鯖の炊きこみご飯 mackerel cooked with rice
Along the coastline of Wakayama, takikomi rice cooked with ingredients is often prepared. Also sanma pacific saury, oysters or mussles are used. In the mountains, mushrooms and sansai mountain vegetables are cooked with the rice.

saera no teppoo さえらのてっぽう Pacific saury sushi
Along the southern coastline, when autumn turns in winter, sanma Pacific saury comed down from the North and has less fat, just right to prepare sushi.
This is a special dish for festivities., prepared with vinegared sushi rice and hand-kneaded sushi.
saerazushi さえらずし(sanmazushi さんまずし)

sanmazushi, sanma sushi さんまずし 秋刀魚 Pacific saury sushi
sanma comes down from Hokkaido and reaches Wakayama in winter. It has less fat and is right for maruboshi 丸干し, drying in the sun and wind of the beach. The fish is salted over night and then dried for two or three days. Grilled is a delicacy.
For sugatazushi, with head and tail, some juice of daidai mikan is added to the sushi rice.
. . . CLICK here for sugatazushi Photos !
Makrelenhecht. Cololabis saira.

satoimo kukizuke 里芋くき漬け pickles from taro stems
from Higashi Murogun 東牟婁.
The stems are also eaten as boiled vegetables or with dressing.
(see zuiki below)


CLICK for more photos
tachiuo, tachi-uo たちうお【太刀魚】
hairtail; cutlass fish; scabbard fish
Trichiurus lepturus auriga

tachi-uo to chiizu no pai tsutsumi 太刀魚とチーズのパイ包み
scabbard fish wrapped in cheese and baked as a pie

tachi-uo sushi, tachiuo sushi タチウオすし sushi from scabbard fish
The best in Japan, as they say.
From Arita town. 有田市 which has the highest catch of this fish.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !


takanazushi, takana sushi 高菜ずし sushi from takana leaves
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
Brassica juncea var. integrifolia.
nubarizushi, nubari sushi めばり寿司 from Mie prefecture
. . . meharizushi, mehari sushi めはりずし large sushi
wrapped inthe pickled leaves of Takana, which are pickled in winter and early spring. They were used to wrap the lunch rice for forest workers.
The names comes from a wordplay, with "opeinig your eyes wide when seeing this huge lunch paket" "me o miharu hodo okii".
Nara no mehari sushi

. Takana 高菜 mustard greens .

toofuyaki 豆腐焼き grilled tofu
For the New Year preparations. A kind of dengaku with miso paste.
In Wakayama spielt der Tofu bei den Neujahrsvorbereitungen eine wichtige Rolle. Nach dem großen Neujahrs-Hausputz am 31. Dezember treffen sich die Mitglieder der „Tofu-Gruppe“ (toofukoo豆腐講) abwechselnd in einem Haus und genießen gegrillten Tofu mit Miso-Paste (toofudengaku), während sie die Ereignisse des abgelaufenen Jahres besprechen und sich an glückverheißenden symbolischen Wortspielen mit MISO (失敗、弱みそ, 泣きみそ) und TOFU erfreuen.


umebishio, ume hishio 梅びしお paste from pickled plums
umeboshi were made into a fine paste and cooked with sugar. Their sweet-sour taste was a condiment for all food, for salads and fish dishes.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

ume gohan, umemeshi 梅ごはん pickled umeboshi plums with rice
Best in summer, when people were tired and the sourness of the plums together with the perilla brought back their appetite. It was good cold as a luchbox.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

utsubo ryoori うつぼ料理 moray (eel) dishes
in Kushimoto, Southern Kishu 南紀串本
it was eaten as a stamina food for the farmers and fishermen. Dried in the cold wind, then prepared as tsukudani. It was given to pregnant women and after birth to make the milk flow for the baby.
It best season is in summer, like hamo eel.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

. utsubo 靱 moray eel, Kidako eel .
Gymnothorax kidako

. utsubogusa 靱草 (うつぼぐさ) "Kidako eel plant" .

uzumidoofu, uzumi tofu, uzumi dofu うずみ豆腐 "tofu burried in rice"
uzumaru 埋まる lit. means to be burried under something.
It can be freshly cooked white rice or rice gruel (kayu) or mochigome sticky rice.
From the mountainous area around Kozagawa 古座川町, where followers of the Heike lived in secrecy and kept the tradition of the capital Nara.

yorori no zushi ヨロリのずし sushi from black tuna
ヨロリis another name for kuroshibi kamasu クロシビカマス
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
black tuna, Promethichthys prometheus
He looks rather black,has a lot of fat and tasts superb. You can also fry the meat, cook it or use it for other fish dishes.

yubamaki ゆば巻 "suhsi rolled in soymilk skin"

zuiki no nimono ずいきの煮物 boiled taro stems
mostly from yatsuhashi 八つ頭 and ebi-imo えび芋 varieties.
zuiki is good for women after giving birth.
芋茎(ずいき) Zuiki Taro and the 随喜 Zuiki Vegetable Festival


External LINK

Food, Dining, Festivals in Wakayama

Worldwide use

Things found on the way


Related words

***** WASHOKU : Regional Japanese Dishes

***** . Folk Toys from Wakayama .



Toyama Prefecture



Toyama Prefecture (富山県 Toyama-ken)
is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region on Honshū island. The capital is the city of Toyama.
Toyama is the leading industrial prefecture on the Japan Sea coast, and has the industrial advantage of cheap electricity due to abundant water resources. The Itai-itai disease occurred in Toyama around 1950.

Toyama is a major producer of high quality rice making use of abundant water sources originating from Mt.Tateyama.
Toyama is famous for its historical pharmaceutical industry.

The Historic Villages of Shirakawa-gō 白河郷 and Gokayama are one of Japan's UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Kurobe Dam 黒部ダム
Tateyama Mountain Range 館山連峰 / 立山連峰
. Tateyama Shinkō 立山信仰 Tateyama belief .

Tateyama Mandala 立山曼荼羅
- quote
Hell-bent for Heaven in Tateyama Mandara
Painting and Religious Practice at a Japanese Mountain

Caroline Hirasawa (Sophia University, Tokyo)

CLICK for detailed photos.

Hell-bent for Heaven in Tateyama mandara treats the history, religious practice, and visual culture that developed around the mountain Tateyama in Toyama prefecture. Caroline Hirasawa traces the formation of institutions to worship kami and Buddhist divinities in the area, examines how two towns in the foothills fiercely fought over religious rights, and demonstrates how this contributed to the creation of paintings called Tateyama mandara.
The images depict pilgrims, monks, animals, and supernatural beings occupying the mountain’s landscape, thought to contain both hell and paradise. Sermons employing these paintings taught that people were doomed to hell in the alpine landscape without cult intervention—and promoted rites of salvation. Women were particular targets of cult campaigns. Hirasawa concludes with an analysis of spatial practices at the mountain and in the images that reveals what the cult provided to female and male constituents.
Drawing on methodologies from historical, art historical, and religious studies, this book untangles the complex premises and mechanisms operating in these pictorializations of the mountain’s mysteries and furthers our understanding of the rich complexity of pre-modern Japanese religion.
- source :


Shogawa river valley stretching across the border of Gifu and Toyama Prefectures in northern Japan. Hagimachi 萩町
Shirakawa  白河郷 / 白川郷 Gifu


Toyama specialities 富山 郷土料理

aimaze あいまぜ mixed radish leaves and root
radish leaves are cut finely and pickled in salt and the radish itself is cut in small stripes, boiled for a moment to remove the salt. This mix is simmered with sakekasu, miso paste and kombu dashi.
from 舟橋村

akakabu ryoori 赤かぶ料理 food with red turnips
pickles, in soups or simmered

akamama, aka-mama 赤まま red rice
made from mochigome, a kind of okowa porridge. With red beans for color. Some families also mix black beans or white soy beans. Served for weddings and festivities because of the auspicious red and white color.

ayu no kanro-ni あゆの甘露煮 sweet simmered ayu sweetfish
fish is slightly grilled and then simmered in green tea with a bit of rice wine, soy sauce, sugar and ginger.

ayu no narezushi あゆのなれ寿し
sushi with fermented sweetfish
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

burakku raamen 富山ブラックラーメン Toyama Black Ramen
black noodle soup from Toyama
with roast pork, a rather salty mix from thick soy sauce.
First introduced at a shop called Daiki 大喜 in 1947.
black type ramen soup from Toyama 黒系ラーメン is now sold in four shops
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

buridaikon ブリと大根のあら煮 yellowtail boiled with radish
The yellowtail from Toyama bay is all natural and not aquafarmed. It is the "King of the Fish in Toyama Bay" 富山湾の王者, when it arrives in winter together with the snow bird (raichoo). Yellowtail changes its name according to its size and is therefore a fish that "makes a good career" (shussezakana 出世魚). Names are 「tsubain ツバイソ(コズクラ)」「bukuragi フクラギ」「hamachi ハマチ(ガンド)」「buri ブリ」. Thus it is auspicious and eaten for celebrations.
The leftovers after cutting out the filets are called ZAN 残(ざん) (usually for other fish they are called ARA アラ) are boiled with seasonal radish (daikon) to make a delicious dish.
BURI is the most representative fish of Western Japan.
Gelbschwanz mit Rettich, Seriola mit Rettich

..... buri no arani, buri no ara-ni ぶりのあらに / 鰤のあら煮
boiled leftover of yellowtail
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

dago だご dumplings from rice flour
dagojiru だご汁
sasadago 笹だご

daikon radish dishes
..... daikon namasu 大根なます salad
..... daikon no gotcha-ni 大根のごっちゃ煮 simmered with its leaves, miso taste
..... 大根まま rice with radish, with radish leaves too

genge no sumashijiru げんげのすまし汁 fish soup
genge is a fish from the deep sea off the coast with white meat. Kombu is also put into the soup. It is good for women who breastfeed babies.

gohei mochi, goheimochi 五平もち, 御幣餅/五平餅
made from glutinous rice and egoma, with a taste of miso.

gojiru 呉汁 warm soup in winter
Soy beans are cooked and seasoned with miso paste. With more tofu and leek.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

gondamochi ごんだもち
glutinous rice flour is used. They are then elongated to mochi and dried. Put into porridge or grilled for eating.

. Hotaruika 蛍烏賊 firefly squid .
different kind of ika is fished throughout the year in Toyama bay.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
hotaru-ika no karashi sunomono ほたるいかの辛子酢物
from 滑川市
..... ika no mochigome tsume-ni いかのもち米つめ煮 stuffed with glutinous rice and boiled
..... ika no sumitsukuri いかの黒作り dried squid, boiled in its ink
..... ika no teppoo yaki いかの鉄砲焼き grilled yari-ika, made in March only.
teppooyaki is a way of preparing meat of fish or chicken with hot red peppers miso paste, toogarashi-miso とうがらし味噌.
. . . CLICK here for teppoo-yaki Photos !

ichijiku いちじくの甘煮・しょうゆ煮 figs simmered with soy sauce
Figs skin is removed and then simmered with sugar and salt in soy sauce.

imo ohagi いもおはぎ dumplings made from potatoes
imo no ohagi イモのおはぎ
in autumn. made from satoimo potatoes and sweet red bean paste.

いとこ煮 cooked beans with radish, carrots, yam, goboo, fried tofu pouches, konnyaku and other vegetables.
special food for the New Joodo sect of Buddhism.

iwashi no nuta 鰯のぬた nuta of sardines
nuta is a preparation with vinegared miso. The head, innards and bones are taken off and the fish is pickled in vinegar for a while. Then mixed with onions, grated radish, miso paste, vinegar and sugar and some yuzu juice..

jinda じんだ / 糂だ simmered vegetables
nukamiso ぬかみそ, jindamiso じんだみそ, gotomiso, goto miso 五斗味噌(ごとみそ)
Warabi fern, carrots, goboo, shiitake are cut finely and simmered sweet and hot. Later soy beans are added.
Served for religious ceremonies 報恩講の膳
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
jindadora じんだどら sweet jinda

kabura goki かぶらごき turnip goki
turnips and the leaves are boiled separately and cut, ground radish is added and soy sauce poored over it.

kaburazushi 蕪(かぶら)寿し turnip sushi
prepared for the new year. Fermented fish meat with turnips.
Also prepared in Ishikawa prefecture.

kabura no yachara かぶらのやちゃら turnips salad
turnips, carrots, long yam, kanten, kikurage, mikan are covered with vinegar, sugar and salt. The ingredients of yachara are different in every home. Some use kombu.

kabusu jiru かぶす汁 soup with gazami crabs
watarigani are put in hot water and other seafood is added. Finally miso paste and cut leek is added.

kachiri,katchiri かっちり small potatoes
boiled with sugar and salt and soy sauce. When the potatoes are done, ground sesame, peanuts powder and egoma are added.

kaki no ha sushi 柿の葉寿し
sushi wrapped in persimmon leaves
the leaves are pickled in vinegar over night.

kamaboko かまぼこ fish paste
in special forms of fish in red and white and other colors for auspicious situations.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

kamouri, kamo-uri no ankake かもうり(冬瓜)のあんかけ
toogan 氈瓜 kind of gourd.
The flesh is simmered with sugar in soy sauce. It is poored over boiled chicken meat or other food.

kanmochi 寒もち"Mochi for the cold season"
koorimochi 氷餅(こおりもち), konmochi こん餅(もち), kakimochi かきもち
they come in various colors.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

kazumino onigiri かずみ野おにぎり
oya taro potatoes, kabu radish, dried zuiki taro stems and chicken meat are mixed with rice and formed to onigiri rice balls.
芋茎(ずいき) Zuiki Taro and the 随喜 Zuiki Vegetable Festival

kibi okowa きびおこわ gruel from millet
mochigome rice and millet are mixed, beans are cooked with sugar and soy sauce and added.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

masuzushi 鱒寿司 sushi from Masu salmon
In 1717 a samurai from Toyama, Yoshimura Shinpachi 吉村新八 begun preparing this round sushi with ayu from the river Jinzugawa 神通川 and rice from Etchuu 越中米. The third daimyo of Toyama, Maeda Toshioki 前田利興 (1678-1733) liked it very much and gave it as a special offering to the 8th Shogun, Yoshimune, who was quite a gourmet. Since then it is a speciality of Etchu. Leaves of sasa grass (Sasa japonica) are placed into a round vessel and salted masu salmon on sushi rice is placed on it. It is now sold in many places according to secret family recipies.
sometimes ayu is translated as Plecoglossus altivelis.
Masu-Lachs, Oncorhynchus masou

misojiru ni kyuuri きゅうりのお味噌汁 miso soup with raw cucumbers
Cucumbers are not used in other prefectures as an ingredient in miso soup.
CLICK here for PHOTOS !

myoogazushi みょうが寿司
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

nishin no konbumaki ニシンの昆布巻き
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

sansai okowa 山菜おこわ rice with mountain vegetables

satoimo ryoori
..... satoimo no oyaki 里芋のおやき
..... satoimo no nimono 里芋・大根・いかの煮物
..... satoimo no goma-ae 里芋のごま和え
..... satoimo no dengaku 里芋の田楽

shiroebi no kakiage シロエビのかき揚げ shrimps deep fried

soba tsumanko そばつまんこ buckwheat dumplings
with vegetables like zenmai fern, carrots, sweet ebi, simmered in soy sauce and sugar. Buckwheat is formed by hand to small dumplings and simmered in the broth.

takenoko ryoori たけのこ料理 dishes with bamboo sprouts

tenkoro てんころ料理
ちぼいも chibo-imo potatoes prepared as nikorogashi (じゃがいもの煮ころがし). first boiled in the skin, then fried. Then simmered in soy sauce and sugar and mirin.

toofu no buramanju 豆乳のブラマンジェ
(柚子のマーマレードかけ) with yuzu marmelade

tsuboni, tsubo-ni つぼ煮
from the mountains of Tateyama. Perpared for the mountain ascetics.
Dried kugomi are watered and cooked with carrots. Then cooked with dashi and yam, abura-abe, sugar and soy sauce.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

wappani つぼ煮

yubeshi ゆべし with yuzu
made for festivals, served in a dish with a high stand. Kanten jelly is dissolved and soy sauce, sugar and mirin added. An egg and juice from squeezed ginger is added and all let to harden in a square pot.

zenmai no shira-ae ぜんまいの白和え fern in dressing
with tofu and carrots

Things found on the way

Shirakawa Daruma 白川だるま

Medicine sellers from Toyama 富山の薬売り


CLICK for more photos

ginkooin ra asa yori keikoo su ika no-gotoku

these bank clarks
already in the morning under flurescent light
like firefly squid

die Bankangestellten
schon früh am morgen im Fluoreszenzlicht
wie die Leuchttintenfische

Kaneko Tohta 金子兜太
Kaneko Tohta (Kaneko Toota) 1919-

. . more translations of this haiku .

Related words

***** WASHOKU : Regional Japanese Dishes

***** . Folk Toys from Toyama .