11/14/2009

Karashi mustard

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Mustard plant (karashina)

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: Various, see below
***** Category: Plant


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Explanation


kigo for all spring

brown mustard plant 芥菜 (からしな / からし菜) karashina
..... 芥子菜(からしな), nagarashi ながらし
aokarashi 青芥(あおがらし)
karashina 芥菜(からしな)、菜芥(ながらし)
Brassica juncea Czern. et Coss

ha karashina 葉からしな, hatakena はたけな
Leaf mustard、Oriental mustard
(オリエンタル・マスタード)

CLICK for more photos

From China, introduced in the Heian period, probably aready the Yayoi period.
The Chinese name, when used as a medicine, is gaishi 芥子(生薬名:がいし) and refers to the seeds.

The leaves also have a strong taste and are eaten as a vegetable.

100 g contains 26 kalories. proteines 3.3g、fat.1g、carbonides4.7g、fibers3.7g、carotin2800μg、Vitamin E 3.1mg、Vitamin 260μg、Vitamin B1 0.12mg、VitaminB2 0.27mg、Niacin 1.2mg、Vitamin B6 0.25mg、folic acid310μg、panthoten acid 0.32mg、Vitamin C 64mg、natrium 60mg、calium 620mg、calcium 140mg、magnesium21mg、phosphor72mg、iron2.2mg etc.

Chinese name : gai choy, kaai tsai, taai kaai tsai, ye yong jie cai

Different types grow in various regions.
It has a strong hot taste.

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kigo for mid-autumn

karashina maku 芥菜蒔く からしなまく
sowing mustard plant seeds



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The following items are not kigo.


karai からい ... is a word to imply HOT, spicy food.



The seeds of the mustard plant are small and round.
They are dried and prepared to


wa karashi 和からし (wagarashi 和がらし) or simply called
karashi からし【芥子/辛子】】 Japanese mustard


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It comes in tubes as a paste ready to use or in powder form to prepare fresh for each meal.


kona karashi 粉からし mustard powder
neri karashi ねりからし mustard paste



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masutaado マスタード mustard
yoo karashi 洋からし (yoogarashi 洋がらし)
"Western Karashi", Western-style mustard
This type comes from a different plant. It is much less pungent than "Japanese mustard" 和がらしwagarashi and has more of a vinegary taste.
It comes in a white and a brown version.

The origin was the plant from the Dijon area, where even today all kinds of mustard are made with wine-vinegar.

All kinds of Western mustard are available in Japan.


. . . CLICK here for Photos of mustard seeds!


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karashi jooyu からし醤油 soysauce with mustard
and dashi and a bit of sugar
. . . CLICK here for Photos of some dishes!




karashi miso からし味噌 miso with mustard
mit scharfem japanischem Senf
often used with lotus roots 蓮根とからし味噌
Bandai karashi miso 磐梯からし味噌 from Mount Bandai
. . . CLICK here for Photos of some dishes!



karashi su ae からし酢和え with mustard and vinegar
. . . CLICK here for Photos of some dishes!
karashi su shooyu からし酢醤油 with soy sauce

kaki no karashi su 柿のからし酢 with persimmons


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It is also used to pickle other vegetabels.


Karashizuke からし漬け pickles with mustard
A pickling bed is made of "sakekasu" and mustard. Pickle salted vegetables in the bed.
Red peppers and sesame seeds can also be used.
. . . CLICK here for Photos of some dishes!

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karashi renkon


source : www.ritsumei.ac.jp / click for the moving version


karashi renkon 辛子れんこん lotus roots with mustard
Lotus Root with Japanese Mustard, sometimes fried.
Sometimes white miso, kamaboko ground fish paste and katsuobushi are used for the filling.
From Kumamoto

CLICK for more photos When the daimyo of Kumamoto, Hosokawa Tadatoshi, 細川 忠利 became sick, a priest from the temple 豊前国耶馬溪羅漢寺 in Bungo told his aides to prepare some lotos roots for him. One of the kitchen crew, Heigoro 平五郎, remembered that Kato Kiyomasa had some lotus planted in the moat of Kumamoto castle as food for emergencies, so they took some out filled the holes with a paste of mustard powder, wheat miso paste and egg yolk. They fried this in oil and offered it to the ailing lord, who ate it with gusto and became well soon.


digging for lotus root れんこん掘る renkon horu
kigo for early winter



karashi renkon chippusu 辛子れんこんチップス
Karashi Renkon Chips
. . . CLICK here for Photos !


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daikon karashizuke 大根からし漬 with radish
. . . CLICK here for Photos !


kazunoko karashi zuke 数の子からし漬け herring roe pickled in mustard
. . . CLICK here for Photos !


kyuuri karashizuke きゅうりからし漬け with cucumbers
. . . CLICK here for Photos !



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nasu karashizuke 茄子辛子漬け with eggplants
Rather famous in many areas of Japan.
minden-nasu みんでんなす, 民田なす Minden eggplant pickles
Yamagata


Nozawana no karashizuke 野沢菜のからし漬け
from Nozawa town, with nozawana spinach


piiman karashizuke ピーマンからし漬け with bellpeppers (paprika)


shiitake karashizuke 椎茸からし漬け with shiitake mushrooms
Prepared in many regions famous for shiitake growing.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Shiitake mustard pickles
Dishes from Yufuin, Oita, Kyushu.




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Other dishes with "karashi"



inarizushi いなり寿司 Inari sushi
In Matsumoto, they smear karashi mustard on the inside of the pouch.



hotaru-ika no karashi sunomono ほたるいかの辛子酢物
from Namerigawa town 滑川市
Dishes from Toyama prefecture


karashina no masutaato ae からし菜のマスタード和え
mustard plants with mustard dressing


nanohana to ika no karashi ae 菜の花といかの辛子あえ squid and hot mustard dressing
Rape blossoms ( 花菜漬 nanohana, na no hana)



shimazushi しまずし/ 島寿司 Sushi from the Islands
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
Since there grows no Japanese horseradish (wasabi) on the islands, this sushi is usually served with mustard (karashi) or hot pepper.
WASHOKU
Hachijojima Island.
八丈島の島寿司



wakegiae, wakegi ae わけぎあえ wakegi leek with dressing
Best prepared in spring for the Doll Festival. Boiled with shells and asari shells, white miso, karashi mustard, sugar and vinegar.
Dishes from Kagawa, Shikoku


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Worldwide use


Senf

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Things found on the way



ariru karashi abura アリルからし油
from Izu Town
This is made from wasabi, Japanese horseradish.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !


. WASHOKU
spicy mentaiko (辛子明太子, karashi mentaiko).
 
marinated roe of pollock


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toogarashi 唐辛子 chilli peppers "Chinese karashi"


komatsuna こまつな 小松菜 Japanese Mustard Spinach
Senfspinat


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HAIKU and SENRYU


初鰹 銭と辛子で二度涙
hatsugatsuo zeni to karashi de nido namida

first bonito of the season ...
for the prize and for the pungency
we have to cry twice

The "Children of Edo" liked the first expensive bonito of the season, cut in sashimi and with a dip of Japanese mustard.


There was an old way to prepare the mustard seeds by grinding them fine, then put a piece of paper on top of them and add hot water. Now a redhot piece of charcoal is added to the pot and the whole stays over night. The charcoal takes on the pungency of the mustard, and a fine fragrance remains.


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からし菜に直ぐ積りけり春の雪
karashina ni massugu tsumorikeri haru no yuki

on the mustard plant field
it piles up in straight rows -
snow of spring


Maeda Shura 前田普羅 (1888 - 1954)


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CLICK for more photos

からし菜の湯を通したる緑かな
karashina o yu o tooshitaru midori kana

this special green
of mustard leaves blanched
in hot water


Nakamura Seijichiro 中村青一路


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Related words

***** . Mustard greens, Senfkraut (takana 高菜) .


SPRING vegetables


***** WASHOKU : INGREDIENTS


***** WASHOKU :
YASAI . Vegetable SAIJIKI



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