Showing posts sorted by relevance for query hunger. Sort by date Show all posts
Showing posts sorted by relevance for query hunger. Sort by date Show all posts

4/06/2008

Famine

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Famine in spring (shunkyuu)

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: Late spring
***** Category: Humanity


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Explanation

Shunkyuu 春窮 (しゅんきゅう)
food scarcity in spring
famine, Lebensmittelknappheit im Fruehling

From April to May, when the provisions for winter where coming to an end and the new harvest not yet ready, rural people, especially in Hokkaido and Northern Japan had to live through hard times, food-wise. Sometimes they would use the roots of plants and trees and edible leaves from trees to prepare their meager meals.


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Great famine periods in the Japanese history
kikin 飢饉

They were caused by coldness, drought or too much rain, volcanic eruptions and other natuaral disasters that influenced the rice harvest.

養和の飢饉 - 1181年に発生。Yoowa
前年の旱魃により農作物の収穫が激減した。

寛喜の飢饉 - 1231年に発生。 Kangi
長禄・寛正の飢饉 - 1459年-1461年 Chooroku
Famine of 1619

江戸四大飢饉
The four big famine periods in the Edo time

寛永の大飢饉 Kanei, 1642, drought
享保の大飢饉 Kyooho, 1732, locusts
天明の大飢饉 Tenmei, 1782, Mt. Asama eruption
天保の大飢饉 Tenpoo, Tenpo 1832 - 1839, flooding and cold

昭和東北大飢饉 - 1930年~1934年。 Shoowa time

冷害によって東北地方を中心に発生した、日本史上最後の飢饉。二・二六事件が発した原因の一つともいわれる。
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !



CLICK for more photos
The famine of Tenmei



Sweets from Tohoku, Northern Japan
Prepared during the Tenmei famine

koorimochi 凍もち frozen mochi
matsukawa mochi 松皮餅(まつかわもち)"mochi from pine bark"



Yakimochi Fudoo Son 焼き餅不動尊
and the famine of Tenmei around Mount Asama


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hotarumeshi, hotaru meshi ホタル飯 "firefly rice"
ほたるめし / 蛍飯


During the hunger periods. 190 g rice was cooked with 4,300 g of starowort leaves (yomena) and mugwort (yomogi). The few white rice grains would look like fireflies in the green leaves mush.

Another way to make cooked rice last longer during a famine was putting more water into rice gruel, calling it
"mirror rice" (kagami meshi 鏡飯) or
omoyu おもゆ 重湯).


. WASHOKU
100 Dishes from Edo
  



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Worldwide use

Hungersnot, Hungerperiode


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Things found on the way



kome kui nezumi 米喰鼠 / 米食いねずみ mouse eating rice
folk toy from Ishikawa

. Mouse and the Famine of Tenpo .


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HAIKU


春窮のあまり剃刀研ぎにけり
shunkyuu no amari kamisori togi ni keri

severe spring famine ...
he begins to sharpen
his razor


Ishikawa Keiroo 石川桂郎
Tr. Gabi Greve


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odoke dolls -
not enough farmers left
to keep things going


the great famine of Tenmei in 1782 in Soma, Fukushima

. Fukushima Folk Toys .



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Related words

HUNGER and Haiku


***** General Information

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- #kikin #famineinedo -
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12/29/2012

Additions 2008

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Additions in 2008


ukiukidango, ukiuki dango うきうきだんご / ウキウキ団子
"dumplings swimming buyoantly"Kuji, Chiba

jamu ジャム jam
maamareedo マーマレード marmalade


omuraisu オムライス omelette with rice filling, omusoba オムソバ omelette with Chinese fried soba noodles

tokoroten 心太, 心天 (ところてん) gelidium jelly

yamanashi、yama-nashi 山梨 (やまなし) "mountain pear" Malus sieboldii

obansai おばんさい / お晩彩 small dishes from Kyoto

Yamato-ni 大和煮 simmering meat of wild animals and whale

Kujria bento くじら弁当 Whale meat bento from Tateyama/Chiba

odorigui 踊り食いeating "dancing" small life icefish (shirauo)

Kyoto - famous dishes
including Kaiseki Ryori 懐石料理, kappoo ryoori 割烹料理 kappo food, kawadoko ryoori 川床料理, hamo 鱧 (はも) pike conger pike, pike eel and the Gion Festival, hon moroko 本諸子, imoboo 芋棒(いもぼう) , itokojiru いとこ汁, sabazushi 鯖寿司, sasamaki, sasa-maki, chimaki 笹巻き / ちまき; senmaizuke せんまい漬け / 千枚漬 pickled trunips; tochimochi, tochi-mochi 栃もち; yatsuhashi, nama yatsuhashi 生八ッ橋

Tenzo 典座 the Zen Cook Tenzo kyokun by Dogen Eihei Zenji

funaryoori 船料理 (ふなりょうり) food served on board a ship or boat

tonsho mochi 屯所餅(とんしょもち)"garrison mochi" in memory of the Shinsengumi 新選組 in Kyoto

minazuki 水無月 (みなずき) Kyoto sweets for June

Sea bream (tai 鯛) sakuradai, ma-dai and many more

Gangu 郷土玩具 Folk Toys
manjuu kui ningyo 饅頭食い人形 doll eating a manju bun

うるしコーヒー urushi koohii, "laquer coffee" from the laquer tree fruit

Ubatama 鳥羽玉 /老玉 "Black Lily Seed"

JULY NEWSPAPER

Food and Games 野菜かるた Karuta games and other card games

Amanatto (amanattoo) 甘納豆 sugar-glazed beans and Hamanattoo 浜納豆

Fujisan 富士山 and food specialities

Ichigo bentoo いちご弁当 Lunchbox with uni and awabi, sea urchin eggs and abalone

Hoorensoo ほうれん草 / 菠薐草 spinach

Sweets from the KANTO region

haabu  ハーブ herbs, Gewürzkräuter

Togarashi,toogarashi 唐辛子 red hot pepper Shichimi Togarashi and more

Western vegetables used in Japan

Robots for Sushi and Okonomiyaki FOOMA (International Food Machinery & Technology Exhibition)

Ningyooyaki, ningyoyaki 人形焼 figure waffles

Daruma Daikon だるま大根 a radish named Daruma

Chokoreeto チョコレート chocolate with many tasts

Oyatsu お八つ . o-cha-uke 御茶請け afternoon snack

moyashi 萌やし、糵, もやし bean sprouts Bohnensprossen
moyashi udo もやし独活(もやしうど)sprouts of spikenard

Kobiru, cobiru, kobilu (こびる) 小昼  "small lunch", rural lunch
Takachiho, Miyazaki

. 葷酒山門(くんしゅさんもん)kunshu sanmon
Temple Gate, no garlic or liquor beyond this point!

Shookadoo Bentoo 松花堂弁当 Shokado Bento

karee raisu カレーライス curry rice Curryreis

Botamochi Jizo ぼた餅地蔵 Jizo Bosatsu, Botamochi rice cakes

Itoin Senbei, ito-in senbei いといんせんべい. 絲印煎餅 Senbei with a "stamp like a thread" . From Ise, Mie prefecture

gooya ゴーヤ bitter gourd Momordica charantia. Okinawa. karela in Hindi, India.

Cookies だるまクッキー
Daruma cookies sweets


satoimo, sato imo 里芋 taro roots Taro-Kartoffel

. . . . Zuiki matsuri ずいきまつり Taro and Vegetable Festival
and more about the Zen priest Muso Kokushi 夢窓国師 !

JUNE NEWSPAPER

Jagaimo 馬鈴薯 (じゃがいも) potato, potatoes
Kartoffeln

Red Beans, "small beans" , adzuki (azuki 小豆 )

udo 独活 (うど) udo Aralia cordata

Goheimochi 五平餅 and other food from Nagano

Dengaku 田楽 dance and food

Gyuuniku 牛肉 beef wagyuu, wagyu 和牛 Japanese beef

Momofuku Ando Instant Ramen Museum
(インスタントラーメン発明記念館)


Ika Daruma Ika Surume だるまいか / いかだるま Daruma Cuttlefish

Tosa Nikki, Tosa Diary by Kin no Tsurayuki ... and some manju sweets

Vegetables from SPRING ... List

Myoga Ginger (myooga) 茗荷 (みょうが). Zingi-Ingwer

Miyajima Ekiben 宮島駅弁 Miyajima Stationlunch Anagomeshi あなごめし

Miso みそ or 味噌 Miso paste and miso soup and miso culture

Shimonoseki 下関駅 。gansoo fukumeshi 元祖ふくめしthe original puffer fish with rice EKIBEN

hamo 鱧 (はも) pike conger pike, pike eel Muraenesox cinereus. dragontooth

Horegusuri ほれぐすり(惚れ薬, 惚薬) love potion Liebestrunk

Hanakae Matsuri 花換祭 / 花換祭り Flower-exchanging festival at shrine Kanesaki-gu, Fukui prefecture, and the sakura cherry blossom cookies 桜クッキー

Fu, Wheat gluten (fu 麩) and FU products

Soba ryoori そば料理 dishes with soba Buckwheat noodles

Wagashi Sweets from Kanazawa 金沢に和菓子

Salty Sweets (shioaji suiitsu 塩味スイーツ)
sweets with a flavor of salt, Süßigkeiten mit Salz

Hanabatake Bokujoo 花畑牧場 in Hokkaido nama kyarameru ”生キャラメル”fresh caramels, weiche Karamellen

Kaki 柿 Persimmon Persimone. Sharon fruit.

Uiroo 外郎 ( ういろう) jelly sweet Aichi and Odawara

hooba miso, Hoba Miso ほうばみそ miso paste served on a hoba leaf hooba 朴葉 ... Magnolia obovata

Ebisu sama 恵比寿様. Deity of the Fishermen

"Frost Shrine" 霜神社 Shimo Jinja, Shimomiya at Mount Aso, KyushuThe legend of Kihachi 鬼八

Konnyaku plant and food (Amorphophallus konjac) . Elephant jam

Mandala Food Arrangements (hoshamori, hooshamori 放射盛り)

Gotoochi Gurume ご当地グルメ Cheap local specialities
kankoo gurume 観光グルメ, tourism gourmet
bii kyuu gurume B級グルメ B-class gourmet food

mamushi まむし (蝮 ) poisonous snake 日本蝮 (ニホンマムシ)

Morning Market (asa ichi, asa-ichi) Morgenmarkt

Wasabi 山葵 green horseradish . yamawasabi 山わさび white horseradish

Hirome seaweed (hirome (ひろめ) 広布 / ヒロメ) Oita prefecture

Sushi decorations and vocabulary 寿司の盛り方

corbicula from Seta (Seta shijimi) and the Big Bridge at Seta 瀬田の唐橋

Tenmusu 天むす rice balls with tempura

Roadside stations (michi no eki 道の駅) Highway Service Areas

Mottainai もったいない モッタイナイ Do not waste food !

Garlic (ninniku 蒜 (にんにく(ニンニク)) ) Knoblauch

Gyooza, gyoza  ギョーザ / 餃子 Jiaozi Chinese dumplings

Pan パン bread
toosuto トースト toast

Shark 鮫 (さめ) same Haifisch

Ninaibako 荷担箱 Box to carry sweets to the Shogun Kameyama sweets

Yakuzen, yaku-zen 薬膳 ( やくぜん) "Eating Medicine" medicinal food dishes and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)

Edo Yasai, Edo dentoo yasai 江戸伝統野菜 Traditional vegetables of Edo

Umeboshi 梅干 dried pickled plums Salzpflaumen

Iwashi 鰯 (いわし) sardine Sardinen, Anchovy.
urume small herring

Regional Sashimi ... LIST

Regional and local sushi types ... a LIST only

Yamamori Goboo Festival 山盛りのゴボウ / ごぼう講 at Kuninaka in Echizen, Fukui. Eating lots of Burdock.

TEN GU jiru, tengujiru 十具汁 TENGU soup

Oomi Beef in the Edo period Ii Naosuke and Mito no Nariaki

Osaka Fugu Hakubutsukan ふぐ博物館 Osaka Blowfish Museum Pufferfisch, Kugelfisch

warabimochi 笑来美餅 mochi with bracken powder
Adlerfarn-Mochi

momiji tenpura もみじ天ぷら/ 紅葉の天ぷら sweet tempura from maple leaves from Mino town, Osaka
Tempura von roten Ahornblättern

"Tokyo Taste — the World Summit of Gastronomy 2009"

Ishimatsu manjuu 石松まんじゅう Manju in memory of Ishimatsu From Konpira-San, Kotohira Shrine in Kagawa, Shikoku

iburi いぶり, ibusu 燻す to smoke, smoking, smoked food kunsei 薫製
iburi gakko いぶりがっこ smoked radish pickles from Akita

Day of Meat (niku no hi) Febraruy 9, NI KU

Ehomaki Sushi Roll (ehoomaki) for February 3, Setsubun

Quail and quail eggs (uzura no tamago うずらの卵) Wachteleier

wasanbon 和三盆 Japanese sugar and other sweets from Shikoku

wasanbon 和三盆 Japanischer Zucker . All kinds of brown and black sugar. kurosato 黒砂糖

onimanjuu, oni manjuu 鬼饅頭 おにまんじゅう "devil's cakes" for Setsubun, February 03.

Kanbutsu 乾物 kambutsu dried food items Getrocknete Lebensmittel

Yakumi やくみ (薬味) spices and condiments Gewürze

warigo bentoo わりご弁当 lunchbox for the village kabuki ... Shodoshima, Kagawa

Juken fuuzu 受験フーズ  Juken Food for the Examination Hell

Shikoku Sweets 四国スイーツ Sweets from Shikoku

Gifu Prefecture ... Regional Dishes

katsuo no ipponzuri 鰹の一本釣り fishing for skipjack tuna in Kochi, Tosa, Shikoku
and related dishes

Museums, Food Museums and Food Theme Parks

Kyuushoku 給食 School Lunch Schulspeisung, Schulessen

Kyooyasai, kyoyasai, kyosai 京野菜 / 京菜 Vegetables from Kyoto.
Gemüse aus Kyoto, Kyoto-Gemüse

Rural Culture Association 農山漁村文化協会 農文協 The BEST online resources !

Shokuyoo no hana 食用の花 Edible blossoms, edible flowers

kushigaki 串柿 ( くしがき) dried persimmons on a stick
town of Shigo, Katsuragi, Wakayama

Collagen Nabe コラーゲン鍋 Hodgepodge with collagen ... for beautiful skin ?

anpanman アンパンマン Mister Anpan  

toshikoshi udon 年越しうどん udon noodles, eaten to "pass over into the new year"

Minamoto Kitchoan 源 吉兆庵 Seasonal Sweets and Daruma sweets, Kamakura

Daruma Senbei for the New Year 干支せんべい 2009

Daruma Manju だるま饅頭 (Daruma Manjuu)

Natural Ice for drinks ... declining
December 09, 2008

Samurai Cooking

Tsubaki abura 椿油) camellia oil

cha no hana 茶の花 (ちゃのはな) tea blossoms

Joodoo-E Ceremony 成道会 Daikodaki Cooking Radish Soup to ward off evil
December 8 at Shakado Temple in Kyoto

Yomogi よもぎ 蓬 mugwort Beifuss, Beifuß

Shigure no Matsu 時雨の松 Pine in icy rain, a Haiku Sweet

Ecotarian Food エコタリアン

Waseda Kankyo Juku 早稲田環境塾 Waseda School of Environment

Hachimitsu 蜂蜜 はちみつ Honey, Honig

Red Beans, "small beans" (azuki 小豆 ) and DARUMA

Tanada no Udonya 棚田のうどん屋 . まーちゃんうどん Ohaga no Tanada 大垪和の棚田


nonbee 呑兵衛 (のんべえ) Nonbei, nombei, drinker, alcoholic Trinker, Alkoholiker

yukishio, yuki shio, yukijio 雪塩 snow-salt from Miyakojima Island. Salt (shio)

McDonald's and Mr. James Mr.ジェームスのブログ

Takuan, takuanzuke 沢庵漬 (たくあんづけ) Takuan radish pickles and Priest Takuan Soho

Shiitake, maitake, matsutake, nameko and many other mushrooms Mushroom (ki no ko, kinoko), dobin mushi

Chuukanabe, wok 中華なべ 囲炉裏鍋, irori nabe, donabe earthen pot and more pots and pans

Mogura daikon もぐら大根 "mole radish" and other dishes from Gunma prefecture

Teppanyaki 鉄板焼き fried (or grilled) on an iron plate or pan and other fried or grilled food, yakiniku 焼き肉

oyaki, o-yaki おやき , お焼き, 御焼(き)grilled dumplings with vegetables
mit Gemüse gefüllte Reisküchlein

Italian food イタリアン料理 Spaghetti, Pizza, Pasta, Doria, Pesto

ramune ラムネ lemonade and other Summer Drinks

biiru ビール
beer : Bier
and local beer (jibiiru 地ビール)

budooshu ぶどうしゅ、葡萄酒 wine

shinsen 神饌(しんせん) Shinto - Food offerings

shirasu elvers . しらすの釜揚げ boiled shirasu from Shonan

Rakkasei 落花生 (らっかせい) Peanuts from Chiba

FAGI FOODS ファジフーズ Fagiano Okayama ファジアーノ岡山

Miele Guide of Asian Restaurants ミーレガイド
Miele KITCHEN(ミーレ・キッチン)

gekiyasu bentoo 激安弁当 extremely cheap lunchbox

Osaka no kui-daore くいだおれ kuidaore

hamakonabe, hamako nabe 浜子鍋 hodgepodge for the "beach children" Hiroshima

Shoochuu 焼酎 (しょうちゅう) Shochu
strong distilled liquor, Schnaps


Haneki shibori sake 撥ね木搾り(はねぎしぼり)酒

Yakimochi Fudoo Son 焼き餅不動尊in Gunma

"salt road" 塩の道 shio no michi
from Niigata to Matsumoto, Nagano

Firefly squid (hotaruika, hotaru ika ホタルイカ(蛍烏賊))

Squid, cuttlefish dishes (ika ryoori イカ料理, 烏賊料理)  

Chinmi and fish roe dishes

Bean curd (tofu, toofu, dofu 豆腐) and haiku

Mamakari ままかり Fish dishes from Okayama

Koohii 黒だるまコーヒー Black Daruma Coffee

kankoro かんころ 甘古呂 flower from sweet potatoes
kankoro dango かんころ団子
kankoro soba かんころそば

kinpira キンピラ simmered root vegetables

Uni 海胆 (うに) sea urchin and sea urchin roe (uni 雲丹)

Satsumaimo, satsuma imo 薩摩薯(さつまいも)sweet potatoes

Horse meat, baniku (ばにく/ 馬肉)

Kenchinjiru けんちんじる(巻繊汁) vegetable soup from temple Kenchoji, Kamakura

God of Cooking, Iwakamutsukari no Mikoto 磐鹿六雁命

History of Japanese Food Culture

Issunbooshi bentoo 一寸法師弁当 Issun-Boshi Bento for Tom Thumb

Gokuraku Onkei 極楽温鶏 whole steamed chicken from Oita 極楽温鶏

BUTA ... Pig and Pork (buta, ton 豚 ぶた)

Daietto ダイエット Diet and fasting ... the extreme : Sokushinbutsu 即身仏

Manga, Anime and Japanese Food Culture
料理漫画. 料理アニメ. グルメ漫画


Dishes from Tokyo 東京

Wrapping Paper Art / Food Art

Ramen, raamen ラーメン Chinese noodle soup

Hakata no shio 伯方の塩 salt from Hakata island

Sweets from Hokkaido 北海道スィーツ Hokkaido Sweets

Ainu Dishes, Hokkaido アイヌ料理

Tosa no Inaka Sushi 土佐の田舎寿司 sushi from the countryside of Tosa

Kagawa dishes 香川 Shikoku Takamatsu, Shodoshima

World Tasty Museum 世界食文化博物館 Imabari, Ehime. Nihon Shokken

Rokuben, Bento for a kabuki performance ろくべん, 大鹿歌舞伎 Nagano.

Famine and Hunger periods during the Edo period . kikin 飢饉

Sweets from Tohoku 東北の甘いもの

Tottori dishes 鳥取

Recycle, Reuse, Re-use Wiederverwendung von Lebensmitteln

Yam 長芋, Taro 里芋 and sweet potatoes 薩摩芋 Dioscorea japonica. Colocasia esculenta. Ipomoea batatas.

Shooyu purin 小豆島醤油プリン Soy Sauce Pudding from Shodoshima

Kani 蟹料理 CRAB dishes

Oiri, yomeiri おいり 嫁入り sweets for the bride

Kamaboko (蒲鉾, かまぼこ) Fish paste, fish cake, ground fish on boards

Cooking methods : yaku and ...yaki

Kitaoji Rosanjin (北大路魯山人)
UTSUWA うつわ【器】, vessel or dish
hassunzara, hassun sara 八寸皿 Hassun-plate for kaiseki
hirazara ひらざら【平皿】 flat dish
kakuzara かくざら【角皿】 plate with four corners
kareezara カレー皿 plate for curry rice
sara, ban さら 【皿・盤】 plate, dish, saucer, platter
kozara 小皿 small plate
torizara 取り皿 small plate
ukezara 受け皿 saucer
hachi はち【鉢】 bowls of all kinds
daibachi 大鉢 big bowl
fukabachi 深鉢 deep bowl
kakubachi 角鉢 square bowl
katakuchi bachi 片口鉢 bowl with a spout on one side
kobachi 小鉢 small bowl
mamebachi 豆鉢 very small bowl
meshiwan めしわん【飯椀/飯碗】 bowl for rice
tonsui とんすい small bowl with a handle
cups : kappu カップ cup
sakazuki 杯/ さかずき small cup for hot sake
yunomi 湯のみ(湯呑み) small tea cups.



Washoku .. Onegai Daruma


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WASHOKU ... SEASONAL DISHES SAIJIKI


WASHOKU : Regional Japanese Dishes



. WASHOKU
NEWSLETTER 2010
 



Monthly FOOD JOURNAL
JANUARY ... ichigatsu 一月



WKD ... Latest KIGO Additions


WorldKigo Database ... ABC INDEX

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SEARCH all my articles




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1/08/2011

Edo Favorite 100 Dishes

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100 Favorite Dishes of Edo
江戸料理百選


Copy the Japanese names and insert them . HERE .
to see the photos.


. Food vendors in Edo .

. yaozen 八百善 Yaozen restaurant in Asakusa .

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. . . . . Tofu (touhu)

arare toofu 霰豆腐 "tofu like hail stones"
あられとうふ
The tofu is cut in little cubes like a dice. It may be deep-fried.


asaji dengaku あさじでんがく covered with umeboshi soysauce paste
浅茅田楽 . see Konome Dengaku.


atsuyaki toofu 厚やき豆腐 Thick fried tofu.


bekkau toofu べっかう豆婦 "tortoise shell tofu"
べっかうとうふ
(bekkoo toofu べっこう豆腐)
Cut in triangles, fried to a tortoise shell color.


chawan mushi 茶碗むし / 茶碗蒸 "steamed in a tea bowl"
A favorite in the winter months.


chikuwa toofu 竹輪豆婦 Tofu with chikuwa tubes.
ちくわとうふ


ebi toofu 苗埋菽乳 Tofu with shrimps.
えびとうふ


fuwafuwa toofu ふはふは豆腐 soft ground tofu with an egg
ふはふはとうふ
The mixture is put in boiling water to form a ball, sesame added for flavor.
tamago fuwafuwa 玉子ふわふわ boiled egg with dashi and irizake 煎酒, made from boiled down sake (to about 80%), with pickled umeboshi plums, bonito shavings and a bit of salt. This irizake (iri-zake, sake o iru, to boil down ricewine) was used until soy sauce became more readily available as a flavoring.


ganseki toofu 巖石とうふ "Tofu like a rock"
がんせきとうふ
Placed in a clear broth.


gookan toofu 合歓とうふ "Silk tree tofu"
One mochi is placed on top of the tofu.


gutsuni toofu ぐつ煮とうふ gently simmered tofu
With Saikyo miso or red miso. Flavored with mountain pepper.
Served in an earthen pot to keep warm.


hanpen toofu ハンペン豆腐 Hampen made from yam, tofu, water and a bit of salt. Served in a clear hot broth. Also called "shiratama 白玉", white ball


hiryauzu - kaku hiryausu "flying dragon head"
ヒリャウヅ -方ヒレウズ / 飛竜子 / 飛竜頭 / 角飛龍頭
ひりゃうず - かくひりゃうず / 飛竜頭 豆腐
In Kanto it is called ganmodoki がんもどき.
In Kansai it is called hiryoozu ひりょうず.
Tofu with a lot of vegetables.



imokake toofu 薯蕷かけ豆腐 Tofu with thick sauce made from grated yam
いもかけとうふ
Served in a broth with katsuobushi.



ise toofu 五瀬豆腐 grind tofu, sea bream, yam and other ingredients, with an egg, simmered in a box, flavored with miso and sansho pepper.


ishiyaki toofu 石焼とうふ stone-fried tofu
Similar to sukiyaki, flavored with grated radish and raw soy sauce.



kamaboko toofu 肉ぼことうふ made in the form of small kamaboko
かまぼことうふ
Tofu and sesame are blended together and simmered into kamabako shape.



kaminari toofu 雷とうふ "Thunder tofu"
かみなりとうふ
Fast fried in sesame oil, so it makes a noise like thunder.


komon toofu 小もんとうふ tofu mixed with slightly grilled nori seaweed, wrapped like a bag
こもんとうふ
Served in hot broth.






konome dengaku, ko no me dengaku 木の芽田楽 Mountain pepper dengaku.
covered with miso paste.


koori toofu 玲瓏とうふ tofu in kanten jelly.
こおりとうふ
Served with a bit of Japanese mustard.
Sometimes brown sugar is added and the tofu eaten as a desert.


koozu yufoofu 高津湯とうふ Hot tofu a la Kozu
こうづゆとうふ
Kinugoshi tofu covered with a hot sauce of kuzu ankake. Also called
Nanzenji tofu 南禅寺豆腐



mino dengaku 簑でんがく "dengaku in a straw coat"
tamago dengaku 鶏卵でんがく egg dengaku
みのでんがく - たまごでんがく
The dengaku is flavored with hot pepper.
The egg dengaku is covered with soy sauce, an egg yolk and sprinkled with black poppy seeds.


misotsuke toofu 味曾漬とうふ Tofu with miso sauce.


mizore soba 霙蕎麦 "buckwheat dumplings in sleet"
みぞれそば
Oborodofu is boiled in dashi shooyu, then some sobakiri buckwheat dumplings are added. White leek, grated radish or wasabi for flavoring.



Ogasawara toofu 小笠原菽乳 Tofu simmered in arrowroot water (kuzuyu 葛湯)
おがさわらとうふ
Decorated with grated radish, thick arrowroot sauce and some katsuobushi.



osasa toofu, ozasa tofu 小竹葉とうふ fried tofu
おざさとうふ
Fried tofu is simmered in soysauce and mirin, a half-boiled egg added. Sesame adde extra flavor.
Cold it can also be used in a bento box.


rokujoo 腐軋 Rokujo Tofu
ろくじょう / 六浄豆腐
This tofu was first made in Kyoto, Rokujoo 京都六条.
It shows the theme of snow at the 88th night, before the first harvest of tea leaves.



Restaurant Dining in Edo



shin no udon toofu 真うどん豆腐 Tofu cut in thick pieces like udon noodles.
しんのうどんとうふ


shiran toofu 芝蘭菽乳 "white tofu"
しらんとうふ / ちーらん
White sesame seeds are ground finely, white miso added, white leek parts added. Heaped on hot tofu, with some grated radish.


sushini 酢烹 tofu cooked on a deep-fried sardine
すしに


tataki toofu 叩き豆腐 "beaten tofu"
たたきとうふ
Fried tofu is beaten (chopped) with a knife, an egg white added. The mixture is formed like a hamburger, wrapped in wheat flour and fried.
Best eaten cold.


toofumen 菽乳麺 somen noodles with tofu
とうふめん
Flavored with sesame oil.


tsutsumi age 包油煤 wrapped and fried tofu
つつみあげ



uzumaki toofu 渦まき豆腐 "whirl tofu"
うずまきとうふ
Rolled in a large seaweed leaf (Suizenji nori) 水前寺海菜, with some hardboiled egg-white and kanpyo.


uzumi toofu 埋豆腐 "burried tofu"
うづみとうふ
Flavored with mountain pepper, roasted sesame seeds, hot pepper powder, grated ginger and yuzu citron.
Miso is placed on the burried tofu and rice is placed on top of it.



yukige meshi 雪消飯 "snow-melt rice"
ゆきげめし
Short-cut udon-tofu covered with rice and grated radish. Served in a broth.



. WASHOKU
Tofu Dishes . Bean Curd
 


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. . . . . daikon 大根 large radish dishes




agedashi daikon 揚出大こん Radish in hot broth
Radish fried in sesame oil, then served in a broth of soy sauce and garnished with mountain pepper


daikon mushi 大根蒸 broiled radish
だいこんむし
Made from dried kiriboshi daikon stripes. Sometimes fish is added to make a good broth.


daikon sanchuu ae 大こんさんちやう醤 radish mixew with other ingredients to a saladd
だいこんさんちゃうあえ
Kiriboshi radish stripes are used. Mixed with white sesame seeds, red miso paste and sake. A bit of wasabi is added before serving.


daikon shio zoosui 大根塩ざうすい rice gruel with radish and salt


daikon tooshunkin 大根都春錦 "radish parcel"
Peeled radish, wrapped in yuba, flavored with hot pepper or mountain pepper.


daikon yu namasu 大根湯なます
だいこんゆなます
Japanese style radish salad. Served cold.


Jooshuu Tatehayashi meibutsu daikon soba
上州館林名物大根蕎麦
じょうしゅうたてはやしめいぶつだいこんそば
Buckwheat noodles served with a lot of radish shavings.


Nooshuu meibutsu hoshi daikon meshi
濃洲名物干大根飯
Made from dried kiriboshi radish, a crunchy dish.



Rikyuu abe daikon 利休あへ大根り radish "a la Rikyu"
きゅうあへだいこん
Flavored with cinamon and sesame.
. Sen Rikyuu, Sen Rikyū 千利休 Sen Rikyu .


rinmaki oofurofuki daikon 林巻大風呂吹大根
radish cut like tree rings, boiled in dashi, served on a bed of miso paste, with a slice of yuzu on top.



sanshu awase daikon 三種合大根 radish with katsuobushi
さんしゅあわせだいこん

soomen daikon 素麺大根 radish like somen noodles.
そうめんだいこん
Cut in long strings, served with vinegar, as a mouth cleanser betewen other dishes.



. WASHOKU
Radish Dishes
 


................................................................................


. . . . . gohan, meshi 飯 rice dishes





aonori zoosui 青苔雑炊 rice gruel with green nori seaweed
あおのりぞうすい


daikon meshi 大根飯 with radishes
..... Echizen no daikon meshi 越前国大根飯
with radishes from Echizen



hidara meshi 乾呉魚飯 rice with dried cod
ひだらめし
Mentioned in a cookbook from 1802. The fish filets are dried over a medium heat and then cut in small stripes. They are then mixed with the cooked rice.
names of the cooking heat in Edo
bunka 文火 (ぶんか) low heat/flame (yowabi 弱火)
bunbuka 文武火(ぶんぶか)medium heat/flame (chuubi 中火)
buka 武火(ぶか) high heat/flame (tsuyobi 強火)



hotarumeshi, hotaru meshi ホタル飯 "firefly rice"
ほたるめし / 蛍飯
During the hunger periods. 190 g rice was cooked with 4,300 g of starowort leaves (yomena) and mugwort (yomogi). The few white rice grains would look like fireflies in the green leaves mush.
((( Another way to make cooked rice last longer during a famine was putting more water into rice gruel, calling it "mirror rice" (kagami meshi 鏡飯) or omoyu おもゆ 重湯】). )))



kadame meshi 海帯めし rice with wakame kelp.
かだめめし
kadame 加太和布 is a special kelp harvested in Wakayama, Kishu, in Kada town 加太浦.


kakimeshi 牡蛎飯  rice with oysters
Cooking oysters would prevent the outbreak of indigestion and food poisoning in times without refrigerator.


. kokerazushi こけらずし kokera sushi   


konnyaku meshi 蒟蒻飯 rice with konyak devil's tongue


konoha meshi 木の葉めし"rice with tree leaves"
このはめし
Fresh sprouts and buds were mixed in spring food.


kotori, shookin zoosui 小禽ざうすい
rice gruel with "little birds"


mana zoosui 菁蕪菜雑炊 rice gruel with leaves of turnip
まなぞうすい


namakai meshi 石明魚飯 rice with fish
なまかいめし


nankin gayu なんきん粥 kayu. rice gruel with pumpkin
Pumpkin and red beans were cooked with the rice. It was a very warming slightly sweet dish in winter.


nasubi zoosui 茄子ざうすい rice gruel with eggplants


nattoo modoki 賽淡鼓 "looking like fermented beans"
なっとうもどき
modoki was a way to prepare vegetable dishes "looking like" fish or meat. It was often done in temples.


negi meshi 葱めし rice with leek
Many other vegetables can be added, also sweet chestnuts and shiitake mushrooms. Served in a hot broth 達失汁.
leek was grown in the fields around Edo, see Edo Vegetables below.

negi zoosui 葱ざうすい gice gruel with leek

nira zoosui 韮ざうすい rice gruel with nira leek
にらざうすい

leek dishes are all typical winter dishes.



Rikyuu meshi 利休めし rice cooked "a la Rikyu"
Sen no Rikyu (千利休, 1522 – 1591) was the founder of the tea ceremony.
Rice is cooked with hoojicha tea, then dashi broth is added. Some green stems of rape (na no hana) are added as topping.
This is a typical dish of spring.


. sakurameshi 桜めし "cherryblossom rice"  


shijimi meshi 蜆肉飯  rice with corbilula clams


shiso meshi 紫蘇飯  rice with perilla
しそめし

soba meshi 蕎麦飯 with buckwheat noodles


someii, somei-i 染飯 colored rice
そめいい
Already mentioned in 1553. It is colored with kuchinashi gardenia and becomes a bright yellow color. It was popular in the tea stalls along the 53 stations of the Tokaido road. Gardenia extract was like a medicine against weak feet and brought back energy.



taimeshi 道味魚飯 -鯛飯 rice with slices of sea bream
たいめし - たいめし


toofu zoosui 菽乳雑炊 rice gruel with tofu


yamabuki meshi 山吹めし "yellow rice"
yamabuki is the yellow color of the plant "yellow rose", the color of coins in the Edo period and the color of egg yolk.
A hard-boiled egg is placed on the rice, served with broth, some grated ginger and a bit of salt.


yudoofu modoki 賽湯菽乳 "looking like hot tofu"
ゆどうふもどき
「賽(ゆ)湯菽(どうふ)乳(もどき)
Hot rice gruel with arrowroot sauce, some grated ginger and mustard for flavoring.



Some of the ingredients mixed with rice have their own entry in this BLOG.

. WASHOKU
Rice Dishes (meshi, gohan)
 


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. . . . . tai 鯛 sea bream dishes




kakitaimushi, kaki tai mushi かき鯛むし
steamed sea bream with oysters
かきたいむし


makitai 巻鯛 "rolled sea bream"
まきたい


sarasa tai さらさ鯛 "chinz sea bream"
さらさたい


Satsuma meibutsu koro iridai 薩摩名物ころ煮鯛
ころいりだい
simmered sea bream a la Satsuma


Satsuma satootsuke tai さつま砂糖漬鯛
さつまさとうつけたい
sea bream pickled in brown sugar, a la Satsuma


Satsuma tai no atsumejiru 薩摩鯛のあつめ汁
Rice soup atsumejiru with sea bream, a la Satsuma


sugiyaki tai 杉やき鯛 sea bream served in a box made of cedar wood.
Fish is flavored with miso paste.


taimaru ageni 鯛丸あげ煮 whole fried sea bream
A small fish is used. Flavored with soy sauce.


taimeshi 道味魚飯 - 鯛飯 rice cooked with sea bream
たいめし - たいめし


tai no koo no mono sushi 鯛の香物酢
たいのこうのものすし
sea bream pickled with vinegar


tai no soborojiru 鯛のそぼろ汁
doosuma ・同すましそぼろ
たいのそぼろじる・どうすま
small pieces of sea bream in hot broth


tai no tororojiru 鯛の青淵汁
たいのとろろじる
Soup with grated jinenjo yam and sea bream


. WASHOKU
Sea Bream Dishes
 


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. . . . . tamago 卵 egg dishes




aemaze あえまぜ a kind of fish salad, with vegetables and egg
嚮食交
Sometimes sake was used for a dressing.


isona tamago いそなたまご "beach flavor eggs"
磯菜卵
After boiling half-soft in vinegar and irizake, they are sprinkeld with nori from Asakusa or wasabi.


matsukaze tamago 松風卵 egg a la "wind in the pines"
まつかぜたまご


Rikyuu tamago - Kurumi tamago 利休卵 / 胡桃卵
りきゅうたまご - くるみたまご
eggs "a la Rikyu" and walnut eggs
Simmered egg with ground sesame seeds (or ground walnut meat), flavored with soy sauce and sake.



shigure tamago 時雨卵 "winter drizzle eggs"
しぐれたまご
A kind of okonomiyaki omelette.


tamago dojoo たまごどじょう loach soup with egg
卵鰌魚
Yanagigawa nabe 柳川鍋(やながわなべ)


tamago hanpen 玉子半ぺん hampen with egg

tamago iridashi 玉子いり出し soup with egg

tamago kaiyaki 玉子貝焼 fried eggs with seashells


uzura tamago 鶉卵 quail eggs
うずらたまご

yosetamago 寄卵 eggs mixed with other ingredients
よせたまご


Food colored yellow with egg yolk was called yamabuki, for example
yamabuki kamaboko やまぶきかまぼこ yellow kamaboko fish paste.


. WASHOKU
Egg Dishes
 

tamago hyakuchin 「卵百珍」(たまごひゃくちん)
100 dishes with eggs
cookbook from 1785

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Illustrated Book
www.unizon.co.jp

. Reference : 江戸料理百選


江戸の料理本 Cooking Books from Edo
江戸料理レシピデータセット
『万宝料理秘密箱 卵百珍』の江戸料理レシピ
- source : codh.rois.ac.jp/edo-cooking -

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Books about the food culture of Edo



江戸食百珍 Edo Shoku Hyaku Chin


- - - - - external link
Banquets against Boredom
Eric C. Rath, University Kansasfae


*****************************
Things found on the way


. nattoo uri 納豆売り natto vendor in Edo .

. Doing Business in Edo - 江戸の商売 .

.......................................................................


Edo, The City That Became Tokyo
. The town of Edo 江戸 大江戸  


. Edo-Vegetables (Edo yasai 江戸東京野菜)  


. Edo no takenoko 江戸の筍 bamboo shoots in Edo .


*****************************
Related words

***** . Miso culture in Japan (みそ or 味噌) .  


. WASHOKU - Dishes from Tokyo


***** WASHOKU : General Information

***** WASHOKU : Regional Japanese Dishes
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[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- #edofood #edoryori #edowashoku #washokuedo -
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4/18/2009

Rice Reis, meshi gohan

[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO TOP . ]
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Rice, Reis, with many Japanese words

The Japanese Rice Culture -
die Reiskultur Japans.


Rice is the staple food of Japan.
There are many words for it, from the plant to the cooked product. Many of them are kigo.


Rice plant (ine 稲, sanae 早苗 )
Rice grains are called "kome, mai 米".
On the table and cooked, it is called

"Gohan" ご飯 or "meshi" 飯 めし.


CLICK for more tanada photos
Tanada ... Terraced rice fields of my home in Ohaga
Gabi Greve, Japan


Japan is a rice-growing culture. It has many regional celebrations and rituals related to rice growing and harvesting.
Rice is traditionally much more than just food.

Please read this first and come back:

Japanese Rice Culture
by Nold Egenter




quote
Imperial Rituals in Japan
The Emperor, embodying the god of the ripened rice plant, plants the first rice of the spring and harvests rice from the plants of the autumn. In one of the most solemn Shinto ceremonies of the year the Emperor, acting as the country's chief Shinto priest, ritually sows rice in the royal rice paddy on the grounds of the Imperial Palace.



The Great Food Offering —in which the Emperor spends the night with the Sun Goddess as a dinner guest—is something every emperor is required to do shortly after ascending to the throne. First recorded in A.D. 712, the ritual takes place at night because the Sun Goddess is in the sky during the day.

The rite follows a ritual bath, symbolizing purification, and takes place in two simple huts, made of unpealed logs and lit with oil lamps, erected on the Imperial Palace ground in Tokyo. The huts are believed to represent the original first huts where Jimmu Tenno communed with the Sun Goddess.

During the Great Food Offering, the Emperor absorbs some of the Sun Goddess spirit and thus "becomes a kind of living ancestor of the entire Japanese family." The pre-World War II belief that the Emperor was a living god is based on this ritual.
Murray Sayle wrote in the New Yorker, "I witnessed the most recent Great Food Offering....from my position behind a police barrier a hundred yards away. During my chilly vigil, all I saw was a figure in white silk—presumably the Emperor—flitting from one small building to another. It took perhaps one second in all."

No one but the Emperor has ever witnessed the ceremony. According to a press release from the Imperial Household Agency, "The new Emperor ... offers newly-harvested rice to the Imperial Ancestor [the Sun Goddess] and the deities of Heaven and Earth and then partakes of the rice himself, expresses gratitude to the Imperial Ancestor and these deities for peace and abundant harvests, and prays for the same on behalf of the country and people."
source : factsanddetails.com


A set of harvest festivals in November carried out at the imperial palace and shrines throughout the country:
. Niiname sai 新嘗祭
"Celebrations of the First Taste" .

November 23



. Inari 稲荷 Fox Deity, Rice Deity .


. Toyouke no Ookami 豊受大神
The Great Deity that gives Bountiful .

Deity of Rice and Food


. Akamai shinji 赤米神事 ritual of the red rice .
At Takuzutama Shrine 多久虫玉神社, Tsushima Island, Nagasaki
長崎県対馬市.




mikeden 御鐉殿(みけでん) "the sacred dining hall"
for the deities at Ise shrine.


quote
Higoto asayū ōmike sai
A celebration at the Grand Shrines of Ise (Ise Jingū) in which sacred food is offered twice daily, in the morning and evening, to Amaterasu Ōmikami and other deities.
Also referred to as the regular sacred offering (jōten mike), this celebration corresponds to the daily offering (Onikku) ceremony conducted at ordinary shrines. In response to a dream revelation from Amaterasu Ōmikami during Emperor Yūryaku's reign, Toyouke Ōmikami was moved from Tanba Province to Ise Shrine as the tutelary deity of foodstuffs (miketsu kami).

Based on this lineage, kami seats (shinza) for Amaterasu Ōmikami, Toyouke Ōmikami, and a "deity enshrined on a subordinate altar in the same honden" (aidono no kami) are built in the Outer Shrine's Sacred Dining Hall (Mikeden). The Mikeden has an ancient architectural style with "log storehouse" (ita azekura) wall construction and steps carved from a single piece of timber (kizami kizahashi).
This structure is also where members of the Watarai priestly clan have traditionally served in such roles as senior priests (negi) reciting the norito or as children who observe votive abstinence and serve in ritual services (monoimi).

With the Meiji Restoration, shinza were added to auxiliary sanctuaries (betsugū) and senior priests, junior priests (gonnegi), and shrine administrators (gūshō) began serving inside the Mikeden. Although "Meiji-Period Rules for Ritual Procedures at Jingū" (Jingū Meiji saishiki) did not designate this ceremony as a matsuri, the later "Regulations on Ritual Observances at Jingū" (Jingū saishirei) positioned it as a lesser festival (chūsai) and named it Higotoasayū ōmikesai.
Whereas other Ōmike ceremonies take place in front of the main sanctuary (shōden) building, this celebration is unique because the deity is "worshipped at a distance" (yōhai) from inside the Mikeden.
source : Nakanishi Masayuki, 2006, Kokugakuin



Shingu shinden 新宮神田 rice fields for the deities
at Ise shrine. 神田(しんでん=神殿)
They are 3 hectar large.

. Ise Grand Shrine (伊勢神宮 .

. shinden 神田 - saiden 斎田 "divine rice field" .



. Hoozuki ichi 鬼燈市 lampion flower market .
shiman rokusen nichi 四万六千日 46000 days
Why 46000 days, you might ask?
This is supposed to be the number of rice grains in one Japanese measure of rice, Japan being an old rice-growing nation and wasting even one grain of it was a big sin.


The koku, kokudaka (石/石高) is a Japanese unit of volume, equal to ten cubic shaku. In this definition, 3.5937 koku equal one cubic metre, i.e. 1 koku is approximately 278.3 litres. The koku was originally defined as a quantity of rice, historically defined as enough rice to feed one person for one year (one masu is enough rice to feed a person for one day).
A koku of rice weighs about 150 kilograms.
During the Edo period of Japanese history, each han (fiefdom) had an assessment of its wealth, and the koku was the unit of measurement.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !



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Some vocabulary


chagayu 大和の茶がゆ rice gruel cooked with tea and
chahan 茶飯 / 大和茶飯 rice boiled with tea and soy beans
from Nara prefecture 



daikon-meshi 大根飯 rice with radish
gekochter Reis mit geschnetzeltem Rettich



gohan no tomo ご飯の供 "friend of the cooked rice"
condiments and food you place on your rice bowl, for example furikake
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
CLICK for more photos gohan no tomo ご飯の友 "friend of cooked rice"
a spedial brand from Kumamoto. A kind of furikake, with various flavors.
shiso perilla, hijiki seaweed, spicy sesame, norigoma seaweed with sesame
御飯の友






gyohan 魚飯 "fish rice"
Special dish served for celebrations, especially along the Inland Sea and at Takehara. The rich owners of salt production fields served it to their visitors.
Various ingredients are finely shredded, the shrimp flavored with salt. The ingredients are served separately on a huge plate. Each visitor takes a bit of each on his bowl of rice, then plenty of dashi soup is added.




kama-meshi 釜飯 rice, meat, and vegetables boiled together in a small pot
Gericht, bei dem Reis mit den anderen Zutaten zusammen in einem kleinen Topf gedämpft wird
Reis und Beilagen im gleichen Topf gekocht


katemeshi かて めし (糅飯) rice mixed with vegetables, radish, seaweed or other ingredients to make it last longer in times of scarcity
gemischter Reis


kenmai 献米 rice offering
Reisopfer
. shinjin kyooshoku 神人共食
God and Man eating together .

shinsen 神饌 Shinto- Food offerings / Shinto-Speiseopfer
shinsenmai 神饌米 Reis als Speise-Opfergabe in Shinto-Zeremonien.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !


koge, o-koge, okoge, rice crust in the pot おこげ (御焦げ)
kogemeshi こげめしdishes with okoge
festgebackener Reis, angebrannter Reis am Topfboden


mochi もち (餅) pounded rice taffy
das Mochi; Reiskuchen


nuka ぬか (糠) rice bran
Reiskleie


ojiya, o-jiya おじや kind of rice gruel with miso base
The name comes from the sound of the slowly cooking broth, jiyajiya じやじや.
kigo for winter
dicke Reissuppe; (mit Miso oder Sojasoße gewürzt)

o-kayu, okayu, kayu 粥 rice gruel
Reissuppe; Reisgrütze
auch ojiya genannt.
(nicht identisch mit dem in Deutschland als REISBREI bekannten Gericht mit Zimt und Zucker)
. . . Chinowagayu, chinowa-gayu 茅の輪粥 rice porridge
chi no wa kayu, served on the last day of the sixth month.



kodaimai こだいまい 古代米 rice of old / my photo
rice from the time of the gods
genmai, gokoku mai



o-kowa, okowa おこわ (御強) "the honorable strong one"
mix of regular Japanese short grain rice and mochi-gome, sticky rice cooked with other ingredients.
kowameshi こわめし
Mochi-Klebreis mit roten Bohnen


Onigiri おにぎり rice balls
der Onigiri; Reiskloß, Reisball


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sakameshi (さかめし - 酒飯)  "rice wine rice"
special fermented rice kooji used for brewing Sake. It was used by the poor of Edo boiled a bit to make it a Kowameshi 強飯 .


酒飯の掌にかかるみぞれ哉
sakameshi no tenohira ni kakaru mizore kana

my poor dinner
in the palm of my hand...
falling sleet

Tr. David Lanoue


sleet falls
on a palm holding
steamed rice for sake

Tr. Chris Drake


This hokku was written on 10/28 (Dec. 11) in 1803, when Issa was living in Edo. The hokku and the hokku following it in Issa's diary seem to be based on a visit to a sake brewery. Issa had just written a kasen renku sequence with the poet and rich merchant Seibi, so he could have gone with Seibi to visit a brewery. In any case, Issa is interested by the newly steamed rice that one of the brewers seems to be inspecting.

The rice used in making sake is first washed and steam-cooked (not boiled) and then cooled before it is mixed with the other ingredients. This specially steamed rice is still fairly hard on the outside and is not considered food or delicious. The brewer needs to test its feel, smell, color, body, and whether it's been cooked enough, but it's a dark winter day and there are only a few oil lamps inside for light, so he carries a handful of the rice outside the brewery door, where it's lighter and he can see better. The way the warm steam rises up from the rice through the cold sleet falling on it perhaps suggests the intensity of the brewer's stare and his obvious strong desire to steam the latest batch of rice inside just the right amount.

Chris Drake


The cut marker KANA is at the end of line 3.

. WKD : Kobayashi Issa 小林一茶 in Edo .


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sakurameshi (さくらめし) 桜飯、桜めし "cherryblossom rice"
boiled with sake and soy sauce
sakura gohan さくらご飯 "cherry blossom rice" Shizuoka
mit Sojasoße und Sake gekochter Reis


sekihan 赤飯(せきはん) "red rice"
cooked for celebrations
Reis für Feierlichkeiten, mit roten Bohnen, Reis mit roten Bohnen
Usually salt with black sesame (gomajio) is used to sprinkle over the rice, but in the town of Naruto, Tokushima, people use freshly ground white sesame with a lot of sugar. (The salt fields of Naruto provided people with cheap salt, so on a festive day, they wanted to eat something better, sweet sugar.



semai 施米 (せまい) alms of rice

kigo for late summer
Every year in the sixth lunar month, the Heian court officials would give offerings to the temples and poor begging monks of the capital, Kyoto. Often they also gave some salt.
Summer Ceremonies SAIJIKI


shiina 粃 unripe rice
Bezeichnung für taube Reiskörner, unreifer Reis; unreife Ähre, unreife Frucht


sutamina raisu スタミナライス stamina rice
a plate of rice, pork cutlet, cut cabbage and vegetables fried with sesame oil (Chinese style) and a fried egg on top of it all
From Nemuro town, Hokkaido 北海道根室
There are many dishes with a plate of rice and various topping, Western style. The influence of Western Food was quite strong in this part of Hokkaido.
panchi raisu パンチライス "ice with a punch"
(with sauted pork, some spagetti, a fried egg on a plate of rice)
esukaroppu エスカロップ escalop



takikomi gohan, takikomigohan たきこみご飯 ・ 炊き込みご飯
mixed rice since a number of ingredients are added in the rice.
source :  http://japanesefood.about.com / Recipe
Reis gekocht mit weiteren Zutaten



. taue meshi 田植飯(たうえめし)rice eaten during rice planting  
usually some nigiri for all the participants, eaten in a hurry to finish the work needed for the day.
tauezakana 田植肴(たうえざかな)side dishes for rice planting
usually a few slices of pickled radish takuan and plums (umeboshi).
kigo for mid-summer




togi-jiru, togijiru とぎじる(研ぎ汁)
water in which rice has been washed
Wasser, in dem Reis oder andere Nahrungsmittel gescheuert worden sind



yuzu gohan ゆず御飯 rice with yuzu citrons at temple Sanpo-ji, Kyoto



zakkoku mai, ざっこく(雑穀) rice mixed with various cereal grains like buckwheat, millet, whole grains and mixed seeds
(minderwertige) Geteidesorten
Getreidesorten außer Reis und Weizen


zoosui 雑炊 rice gruel, rice soup with ingredients like vegetables and chicken
Reissuppe mit Gemüse. #zosui



The great rice paddle in Miyajima 宮島しゃもじ
shamoji
. . . CLICK here for Photos !


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kiganmai 祈願米 "consecrated rice"
It is first placed in front of the deity in a Shinto shrine or a Buddhist temple and the priest performs purifying rites with his wand or chants sutras for purification. Later this rice is sold in the shops to bring happiness for the new year, help students pass the examinations and keep people healthy.

Many shrines in Japan perform these rites during the New Year festivities. Click on the photo to see some more.
shoofuku kigan mai 招福祈願米
consecrated rice to bring good luck

The rites were performed for example at Temple Saidai-Ji in Okayama in January 6, 2010.


peanuts are also consecrated in this way.
shoofuku kigan mame (kiganmame) 招福祈願豆

Beans are also consecrated for the Setsubun festivities on February 2/3.


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kome kona, kome no kona こめこな / 米の粉 rice flour
ground rice powder

The group "Food Action Nippon" is promoting the use of this, to increase the food self-sufficiency of Japan.
. . . Reference : FOOD ACTION NIPPON(フードアクションニッポン)
Flour is used for noodles, bread and cakes or mixed with wheat flour.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !


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observance kigo for the New Year

hatsu kashigi 初炊ぎ (はつかしぎ) first cooking (of rice)
kashigizome 炊ぎ初(かしぎぞめ)
takizome 炊初(たきぞめ), takizome 焚初(たきぞめ)
wakameshi 若飯(わかめし)first cooked rice

hatsu kamado 初竈 (はつかまど)
first use of the hearth (fire)


Firsts things in the New Year

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List of RICE PLANT KIGO
in the World Kigo Database


Fields, rice paddies (ta, hatake) Japan

God of the Rice Paddies (田の神 ta no kami) Japan

. . . . . fukidawara 蕗俵(ふきだわら)"butterbur barrels" as an offering to the God of the Fields

kometsuki 米搗き professional grain pounders

Nikkoo Goohan-Shiki 日光強飯式Gohanshiki.
Ceremony of eating large bowls of rice

Pounding Rice (mochi tsuki) Japan, Philippines
..... New Year's Rice Dumplings (toshi no mochi, kagamimochi, zoonimochi) and a few more
..... The Hare/Rabbit in the Moon

Raw fish, sashimi, sushi and .. rice balls (onigiri) Japan

..... Rice plants (ine) Japan. A list of kigo. New rice
(shinmai 新米 (しんまい))

Rice fields(tanbo, tanada) Japan. A list of kigo.

Rice cake offerings for the New Year (kagami mochi) Japan

Rice gruel (kayu) Japan. Porridge, congee in many kigo.

Rice wine (ricewine) sake, Japan Reiswein

Withered rice paddies (karita) Japan

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25 komebitsu small wood bowl for rice

komebitsu 米びつ container to keep cooked rice for serving


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CLICK for more photos

meshizaru 飯笊 (めしざる) basket for rice
..... meshikago 飯籠(めしかご)
Mostly of woven bamboo, which has some ability to keep the rice from getting bad in summer.
Before putting the rice in the basket, a towel is spread to prevent the rice grains from getting squeezed in the holes of the basket.
kigo for all summer




- quote
jikirou 食籠 jikiroo, jikiro
A lidded food container,
usually layered and lacquered with decorations of sunken gold *chinkin 沈金, carved lacquer *choushitsu 彫漆, mother-of-pearl inlay *raden 螺鈿, or metal leaf decoration, haku-e 箔絵, or sometimes of plain black lacquer, woven bamboo, or pottery. Round, quadrilateral hexagonal, octagonal and circular flower shapes are common.
Made in Yuan and Ming period China and in the Ryuukyuu 琉球 (now Okinawa prefecture), jikirou have been imported to Japan since the Kamakura period. They were later used as sweets containers at tea ceremonies.
A common type is the juubako 重箱 (tiered food box) usually covered with *makie 蒔絵 and consisting of two, three, five or more tiers to store cooked rice, stewed dished, fish, or raw vegetables separately. In the Edo period juubako were common at picnics, and used with sagejuu 提重 (a picnic box holding various food and beverage containers in a light and compact form). The upper classes had highly decorated lacquer boxes while the lower classes had plain wood or unadorned lacquered grounds.
- source : Jaanus

. kago 籠 / 篭 / かご basket, baskets of all kinds .

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ohachi-ire 飯櫃入 (おはちいれ) container to keep the rice warm
(word used in Kanto)
hitsuire 櫃入れ(ひついれ)(word used in Kansai)
ohachibuton 飯櫃蒲団(おはちぶとん)quilt to cover it
ohachifugo 飯櫃畚(おはちふご)straw mat to cover it
A container made from straw with a lid. The rice containder with the cooked rice (komebitsu) was put it here to keep the rice warm for the next meal.
kigo for all winter



飯櫃入渋光りとも煤光りとも
ohachi-ire shibuhikari to mo susuhikari to mo

warmer for cooked rice -
shines of incrustations
shines of soot

Takahama Kyoshi 高浜虚子



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Dishes with mostly rice

Bibimba, Korean rice dish
Koreanisches Reisgericht

Chaahan, fried rice
gebratener Reis, chinesische Art

Chazuke
Schale Reis mit Beilagen und grünem Tee übergossen

Chikin raisu, chicken rice
Huhn auf Reis

Donburi
Schale mit gekochtem Reis und Beilagen

Doria
Reiseintopf mit Fisch oder Hühnerfleisch
Italian food イタリアン料理 Spaghetti, Pizza, Pasta, Doria, Pesto

Gomoku gohan (kayaku gohan)
Reis mit aufgeletem Gemüse und Fischstücken

Hayashi raisu
Haschee auf Reis


Karee raisu, curry rice
Curryreis


Kuppa, Korean rice soup
Koreanische Reissuppe

Makunouchi bentoo
Lunchpaket „zwischen den Akten“

Meshi, gohan, white cooked rice
Weißer Reis

Nattokakegohan
Reis mit fermentierten Natto-Bohnen

Ochazuke
Schale Reis mit grünem Tee übergossen

Ohagi
Mochireis-Klößchen, mit Anko bedeckt

Okayu, kayu, simple rice soup
Einfache Reissuppe

Okowa
Mochi-Klebreis mit roten Bohnen

Ojiya, thick rice soup
Dicke Reissuppe

Omuraisu, omlet with rice
Omelett mit Reis

Onigiri
Reiskloß, Reisball

Pirafu
Pilaf, gebratener Reis

Takikomigohan, rice cooked with further ingredients
Reis gekocht mit weiteren Zutaten

Tamagokakegohan, rice with a raw egg
„Reis mit rohem Ei“

Zoosui, rice soup with other ingredients
Reissuppe mit weiteren Zutaten

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SHU 13 rice cooking 051119


cooking rice in Japan

はじめちょろちょろなかぱっぱ 赤子泣いても蓋とるな
hajime choro-choro, naka pappa,
akago naitemo futa toru na

First use low heat, then turn it up in the middle
and never take off the lid even if your baby cries.


Anfangs choro-choro, langsam anheizen bis es Blasen gibt und man das Blubbern hört, dann kräftig weiterkochen, bis das Wasser papp-pa zischt.
Und auf keinen Fall den Deckel abheben, selbst wenn die Kinder vor Hunger weinen.
choro

The first slow heat gives the grains time to soak up water choro-choro. When they are full of water they can be cooked much faster papp-pa. And after cooking, keep it standing for a while (even if the children are hungry).

Auch die Reihenfolge in der Familie beim Reisessen war festgelegt.

Even the order of eating rice in the family was given.
First the children.
Then the menfolk, starting with the eldest.
Next the mother-in-law and other in-law family members.
Finally the daughter in law.


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梅雨湿りカレーライスを食べにけり
tsuyu shimeri karee raisu o tabe ni keri

humid rainy season ...
I go out to eat some
curry rice


Wakimoto Maki 脇本 眞樹(塾長)
月曜日, 6月 29, 2009
http://333751044.blogspot.com/2009/06/blog-post_3891.html



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kinako musubi "きな粉むすび" rice balls with bean flour


似合はしや豆の粉飯に桜狩り
niawashi ya mame no ko meshi ni sakura-gari

so fitting -
bean-flour rice balls
while blossom hunting

Tr. Barnhill

Written in 1690 元禄3年
While visiting Iga Ueno.

mame no ko meshi is cooked rice sprinkled with kinako bean powder (kinako meshi きな粉飯), which can be formed to musubi balls. This is simple but nurrishing food for the very poor.
sakura-gari is an expression referring to the elegant cherry blossom parties of the court of the Heian period. The normal word would be hanami.
Here Basho contrasts the simple food with a free enjoyment of blossoms, just right for the haikai friends in Ueno.

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seri gohan 芹の飯 cooked rice with dropwort


我がためか鶴食み残す芹の飯
waga tame ka tsuru hami-nokosu seri no meshi

just for me -
the crane left over some
rice with dropwort


A disciple from Iga brought this dish to his master.
Ishikawa Senten 石川山店
dates unknown.
He was the younger brother of Ishikawa Hokkon 北鯤.
One of his hokku is in Sarumino.


1683. Basho is reminded of a a line in the poem by the Chinese poet Du Fu (Tu Fu), imagining the rice gruel at a shop in Seidei town. He is also comparing his disciple Senten to a crane, which likes dropwort very much.
Senten spared some of his own rice and gave it to him.


飯には煮る青泥坊底の芹
meshi ni wa niru Seidei bootei no seri

For cooking rice
dropwort picked at the embankment
of Seidei pond are best.


Seidei 青泥 was a town near the capital of Cho-an 長安, China.



is it for me
the crane leaves rice with parsley
for me to eat

Tr. Reichhold



MORE
Hokku about food and rice dishes by
. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .


. Japanese parcely 芹 seri, dropwort .
Oenanthe javanica
kigo for spring

愛汝玉山草堂靜,高秋爽氣相鮮新。
有時自發鐘磬響,落日更見漁樵人。
盤剝白鴉谷口栗,飯煮青泥坊底芹。
何為西莊王給事,柴門空閉鎖松筠。

Poem by Du Fu.

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NEXT
Types of Japanese Rice .. 米 kome, mai


. WASHOKU
Favorite Rice Dishes from Edo .
 



My photos with RICE !


Traditional Folk Toys : Rice and Rice straw dolls




"Planting rice" Ohno Bakufu (1888-1976)
source : facebook

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. Fertility rites - praying for a good harvest .


WASHOKU : INGREDIENTS


For more words with RICE as food, check the main
WASHOKU ... Japanese Food SAIJIKI



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