4/02/2008

Bento, Bentoo ... Lunchbox

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Bento

Bento, bentoo 弁当 lunch box, Lunchpaket
ekiben,駅弁 famous lunch boxes at every station, Bahnhofs-Bentō
bentoobako, bentobako, boxes for this lunch 弁当箱


Bentō; O-Bentō, Lunch-Paket
Bentō-Schachtel; Frühstückskasten, Bentoschachtel


gekiyasu bentoo 激安弁当 extremely cheap lunchbox
On July 10, they sold three different types of delicious lunchboxes for 198 YEN in Hyogo prefecture, Kakogawa town, with rice and five pieces of side dishes, for example fried fish or a large croquette.
198円弁当
198円焼きそば弁当 Yakisoba bento
198円カレー弁当 Curry bento

There is a real war out there for cheaper and yet better lunchboxes.


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CLICK for more photos



jikiroo じきろう(食籠) food box with a lid
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
. . . hakkaku jikiroo 八角喰籠 (はっかくじきろう) octagonal food box
Those old ones of Negoro laquer are especially famous.



juubako じゅうばこ (重箱) food box with many layers
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
..... sagejuu さげじゅう(提げ重) box with a handle


koori 行李(こうり) boxes from woven bamboo or willow
They could be thrown away after finishing lunch.


shookado bentoo (松花堂弁当)
A traditional black-lacquered Japanese bento box.


warigo 破り子 cypress containers
since the Heian period, made of thin sheets. Usually with a lid. A kind of magewappa.
Mentsuu めんつう(面桶), menpa めんぱ/ mentsu めんつ
for example
Warigo Soba from Izumo
. . . CLICK here for Photos !


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162 bentoo shelf
Selling BENTO at the station



aisai bentoo 愛妻弁当
"lunch prepared by a loving wife"
Prepared by the housewife for her family early in the morning. Most condiments are sold as frozen food to make things easier nowadays.

CLICK for more photos
Many workers carry a kind of thermo with three layers for rice, sice dishes and a container for miso soup, whith all food kept warm until the lunchbreak.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !


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Bentoobako ― Lunchboxes with Daruma Bentoobako 弁当箱

CLICK for original link ... mamaron




cat for lunch

- Shared by Toshiya Miyamoto -
Joys of Japan, 2012



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Issunbooshi bentoo 一寸法師弁当
Issun-Boshi Bento for Tom Thumb

From the Gion Quarter of Kyoto. Yuba tofu skin, Nanbanzuke pickles, kuruma ebi shrimps, local chicken.
Kyoto Obanzai おばんざい vegetables and food from Kyoto
CLICK for more photos
Däumling-Bento

Issunboshi ... The Legend of Tom Thumb  


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Rokuben, Bento for a kabuki performance in Oshika Village, Nagano
ろくべん, 大鹿歌舞伎
Prepared since the Edo period to be enjoyed whilst watching the village kabuki. Each household prepares its own in laquer boxes with the family crest, so when they share some boxes it will always come back to its owner.
Salted squid, chikuwa, green beans (ingen), pumpkin and other seasonal vegetables, altogether six (roku) items, hence the name. Mixed Rice (mazegohan) was added in one layer of the box.
Since the village is sourrounded by high mountains, it was impossible to get fresh fish.

. . . CLICK here for more kabuki Photos !


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warigo bentoo わりご弁当 bento for the village kabuki
土庄町の肥土山地区、中山地区で農村歌舞伎
Kabuki-Bentoo from the Island Shodoshima
WARIGO is the name for the wooden box of each family.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
A performance each year at the shrine Hachiman Jinja was the stage for a village kabuki. Sometimes more than 250 meals were prepared for the village and the actors.
Rice was cooked, as sushi or Inarizushi.
Cooked food was konnyaku, lotus, chikuwa, carrots, goboo, konbu and dried radish.



WASHOKU
Dishes from Shoodoshima 小豆島



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chuuka bentoo 中華弁当 with Chinese food.


hinomaru bento 日の丸弁当
"bento like the Japanese flag"

only white rice and a red pickled plum (umeboshi) in the center.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !


makunouchi bentoo 幕の内弁当 "eaten between the curtsins" during a Kabuki performance in Old Edo.
with a slice of salmon, an eggroll, pickled plums and other traditional fair.
. . . CLICK here for Photos ! It will make your mouth water !


noriben 海苔弁 slices of nori dipped in soy sauce cover the cooked rice.
A very simple form for busy mothers.

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shidashi bentoo 仕出し弁当 made in a restaurant and delivered for lunch at special occasions, like a funeral or meeting.
similar to
demae 出前 ordering food from a restaurant



okamochi 岡持ち special box for delivering food
food delivery case

usually with a lid or doors a the side and various shelves to store the food.
oka means "hill", maybe a distortion of oke 桶 bucket. Or the food is heaped like a mountain "oka" inside.


岡持にうごくもしれぬ海鼡哉
okamochi ni ugoku mo shirenu namako kana

in the delivery box
it is maybe still moving
this sea slug . . .

Tr. Gabi Greve

Tagaya Kioo 多賀谷亀翁 Tagaya Kio
Haikai poet of the middle Edo period.




okamochi from the Edo period

- - reference - -


. Okamochi for delivering sushi .
sushiuri, sushi-uri 鮨売り / すし売り Sushi vendor in Edo


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Shookadoo Bentoo 松花堂弁当 Shokado Bento Kyoto Kaiseki


sushizume 鮨詰め round box filled with sushi pieces


tori bentoo, shortend to TORIBEN 鳥弁当 with slices of grilled chicken
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
speciality of Gunma prefecture


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Famous Ekiben Station Lunchboxes

WASHOKU : Ekiben 駅弁 Station Lunch Box
Lunchpaket vom Bahnhof

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kuukoo bentoo 空港弁当 lunchbox at an airport
soraben 空弁(そらべん)
Since 2003, even airports serve special bentos for their visitors with local specialities, to be eaten on the spot or taken home as souvenir.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !


Chuubuu Kokusai Kuukoo Central Airport
misokatsu sando みそかつサンド Sandwich with kotelette in miso
. . . CLICK here for Photos !


Haneda Kuukoo 羽田空港 Haneda Airport
michiko no hamayaki sushi みち子の浜焼き鯖寿司 Sushi
with fish from Wakasa Bay
. . . CLICK here for Photos !


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quote
Bentō (弁当 or べんとう, Bentō) is a single-portion takeout or home-packed meal common in Japanese cuisine. A traditional bento consists of rice, fish or meat, and one or more pickled or cooked vegetables as a side dish. Containers range from disposable mass produced to hand crafted lacquerware. Although bento is readily available in many places throughout Japan, including convenience stores, bento shops (弁当屋, bentō-ya), train stations, and department stores, it is still common for Japanese homemakers to spend considerable time and energy producing an appealing boxed lunch.

Bento can be very elaborately arranged. Contests are often held where homemakers can compete for the most aesthetically pleasing arrangements. The food is often decorated to look like people, animals, or characters and items such as flowers and plants. This style of elaborate bento is called kyaraben キャラ弁 (kyara : character bento).

History
The origin of bento can be traced back to the late Kamakura Period (1185 to 1333), when cooked and dried rice called hoshi-ii (糒 or 干し飯, literally "dried meal") was developed. Hoshi-ii can be eaten as is, or can be boiled with water to make cooked rice, and is stored in a small bag. In the Azuchi-Momoyama Period (1568 to 1600), wooden lacquered boxes like today's were produced and bento would be eaten during a hanami or a tea party.

In the peaceful and prosperous time of the Edo Period (1603 to 1867), bento culture spread and became more refined. Travelers and sightseers would carry a simple koshibentō (腰弁当, "waist bento"), consisting of several onigiri wrapped with bamboo leaves or in a woven bamboo box. One of the most popular styles of bento, called makuno-uchi bentō ("between-act bento"), was first made during this period. People who came to see Noh and Kabuki ate specially prepared bento between maku (acts). Numerous cookbooks were published detailing how to cook, how to pack, and what to prepare for occasions like Hanami and Hinamatsuri.

In the Meiji Period (1868 to 1912), the first ekibentō or ekiben (駅弁当 or 駅弁, "train station bento") was sold. There are several records that claim where ekiben was first sold, but it is believed that it was sold on 16 July 1885, at the Utsunomiya train station, and contained two onigiri and a serving of takuan wrapped in bamboo leaves. As early schools did not provide lunch, students and teachers carried bento, as did many employees. A "European" style bento with sandwiches also went on sale during this period.

In the Taishō period (1912 to 1926), the aluminum bento box became a luxury item because of its ease of cleaning and its silver-like appearance. Also, a move to abolish the practice of bento in school became a social issue. Disparities in wealth spread during this period, following an export boom during World War I and subsequent crop failures in the Tohoku region. A bento too often reflected a student's wealth, and many wondered if this had an unfavorable influence on children both physically, from lack of adequate diet, and psychologically, from a clumsily made bento or the richness of food. After World War II, the practice of bringing bento to school gradually declined and was replaced by uniform food provided for all students and teachers.

Bento regained its popularity in the 1980s, with the help of the microwave oven and the proliferation of convenience stores. In addition, the expensive wood and metal boxes have been replaced at most bento shops with inexpensive, disposable polystyrene boxes. However, even handmade bento have made a comeback, and they are once again a common, although not universal, sight at Japanese schools. The Bento is still used by workers as a packed lunch, by families on day trips, for school picnics and sports days etc. The Bento, made at home, is wrapped in a furoshiki cloth, which acts as both bag and table mat.

In 2003, airports started offering an analogous version of the ekiben: bento filled with local cuisine, to be eaten while waiting for an airplane or during the flight.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


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Worldwide use


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Things found on the way



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HAIKU


駅弁に掌のひら程の鮭がつき  
ekiben ni te no hira no shake ga tsuki

station lunchbox ...
a piece of salmon
the size of my hand   
    

Hoshi Reiko 星令子


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駅弁に鮭のフライも郷土色  
ekiben ni shake no furai mo kyoodo iro

the fried salmon
of this station lunch box also
has the color of home


Shunsui 春翠



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Related words

***** WASHOKU : Regional Japanese Dishes

***** Sansai 山菜  Mountain vegetables


***** WASHOKU : General Information and References
bentoo, bentou, bentoh, Deutschland
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2 comments:

anonymous said...

「あなごめし」は、上野家十代目他人吉が、宮嶋駅(明治30年開通)の駅売弁当として、 販売したのがはじまりでございます。

他人吉翁は明治の中頃、宮島でお米の商いをしておりました。

その後、機会があって、 宮島口の駅前参道に茶店を開業、その茶店を起点に駅弁あなごめしは誕生いたしました。
あなごがたくさん獲れるこ宮島近海では、昔から地元の料理としてあなごどんぶりがございました。茶店にも一品として旅人を楽しませていたことでしょう。

江戸時代の芸藩通史にも当地の穴子の美味しさを書き伝えております。

他人吉翁は、この宮島でもてなされていたであろう「あなごどんぶり」の白飯を工夫し、あなごのあらで炊き込んだ醤油味飯を考え出しました。脂ののったあなごのあらで炊き込んだ飯はこくがあり、大変評判となりました。
当時開通したばかりの宮嶋駅で駅弁を販売することを考えていた翁は、さっそくこのめしにあなごをびっしりとしきつめた「あなごめし」を名物として販売することにしたのです。

以来、山陽本線では評判となりましたが、現在のように四国や岡山、隣の徳山などの駅弁として販売をはじめたのはここ二十年のこと。駅弁「あなごめし」の名前は広く使われるようになってゆきました。
今は宮島の名物として復活し、個々に特徴とこだわりを持った美味しい穴子丼が出来上がりました。戦後、私の母と母を助け守り続けた多くのスタッフのひたむきな努力によって今日に至っております。

また近年の不漁、それにより漁師さんの世代交代が出来ず、当地における日々の集荷が限られることになってしまいました。
百年を経て、新たな暖簾をかけるつもりで取り組む覚悟です。永年穴子飯を愛しておられることを強く心に刻みこれまでの味を知るお客様と共にその味を受け継いでおきたいと思っています。何卒お導き下さいますよう宜しくお願い致します。
                     十三代目 上野純一
http://www.anagomeshi.com/anasetumei.htm

Anonymous said...

in the box
four or five pennies...
night of winter rain

juubako no zeni shi go mon ya yuu shigure

.重箱の銭四五文や夕時雨

by Issa, 1819

This haiku has the prescript,
"A temple courtyard beggar."
Issa recopies it in Oraga haru ("My Spring") with the prescript, "Taking pity on a beggar at Zenkoo Temple's gate."
The mon was the basic currency of Issa's time. It took the form of a coin with a hole in its middle so that it could be strung on a string.
According to Shinji Ogawa, a bowl of noodles in Issa's day sold for 16 mon: the equivalent of approximately four or five U.S. dollars today, which would make one mon = 25 - 27 cents. In the haiku, 4-5 mon would equal a little more than a dollar today.

Tr. David Lanoue
.