Showing posts sorted by relevance for query kabocha. Sort by date Show all posts
Showing posts sorted by relevance for query kabocha. Sort by date Show all posts


Kabocha Pumpkin


Pumpkin (kabocha)

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: All Autumn
***** Category: Plant


CLICK for more photos

The name derived from the Portugese, which introduced this vegetagle from
Cambodia (カンボジア kambojia ... kaboja).
The Chinese characters imply "a gourd that came from the south (Nagasaki)" 南瓜.


kigo with pumpkin
(some saijiki place it in early autumn)

kabocha 南瓜 (かぼちゃ) pumpkin, squash
Cucurbita moschata
Kürbis; Gartenkürbis

toonasu とうなす【唐茄子】lit. "Chinese Eggplant"
... nankin なんきん
boofura ぼうぶら lit. abbora, name for Kambodja. This word is used in West-Japan.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

nanban なんばん "Southern Barbarians" (Portugese, bringing the fruit to Nagasaki)


kigo for mid-summer

kabocha no hana 南瓜の花 (かぼちゃのはな) pumpkin flowers
..... hana kabocha 花南瓜(はなかぼちゃ)
toonasu no hana とうなすの花(とうなすのはな)


is a gourd-like squash of the genus Cucurbita and the family Cucurbitaceae (which also includes gourds). It is a common name of or can refer to cultivars of any one of the species Cucurbita pepo, Cucurbita mixta, Cucurbita maxima, and Cucurbita moschata. They are typically orange or yellow and have many creases running from the stem to the bottom. They have a thick shell on the outside, with seeds and pulp on the inside.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


Different types of pumpkin
used in Japanese cooking

Nihon Kabocha, Japanese Pumpkins,
Cucurbita moschata 日本かぼちゃ

bataanattsu sukuasshu ... butternut squash バターナッツスクアッシュ. Cucurbita moschat

chirimen ちりめん "crepe"
The outside has bumps and it looks like crepe material.

hinata kabocha 日向かぼちゃ pumpkin "from a sunny place"
Speciality of Miyazaki. Has a black skin.

kikuza 菊座 "chrysanthemum seat"
Representative of Japanese pumpkins. Outer skin like a chrysanthemum. Soft and watery. God for boiling. Early summer to autumn.

kurokawa 黒皮 "black skin"
often used in expensive restaurants. Tasts a bit watery. Early summer.

Shishigatani kabocha 鹿ヶ谷南瓜(カボチャ)
pumpkins from Shishigatani

a Kyoto Vegetable

seiyoo kabocha 西洋カボチャ Western Pumpkin
Cucurbita maxima

Has been introduced from America in 1863. Grown mostly in Hokkaido.

Ebisu えびす "Good of Good Luck, Ebisu" most often found on the market.
kurikabocha with black skin 黒皮栗 kurokawa kuri
kurikabocha with red skin 赤皮栗 akakawa kuri
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

pepo ペポ種 Cucurbita pepo
From North America, often used for Halloween decorations in Japan.


CLICK for more food photos
kabocha ryoori 南瓜料理

Dishes with pumpkin

Most pumpkins are grown in Hokkaido.

In some areas of Japan, it is cutstom to eat pumpkin dishes at the winter solstice. They are simmered with sweet potato starch and sugar.
Some types are very sweet and are used for deserts, cakes and cookies.

panpukin pai パンプキンパイ pumpkin pie

panpukin shiido 種子(パンプキンシード) pumpkin seeds are eaten like nuts or baked in bread or cookies.

panpukin shiido oiru 食用油(パンプキンシードオイル)pumpkin seed oil

itokoni いとこ煮、従弟煮 "Boiled Nephews"

Reference : Pumpkin Dishes in Japan

Worldwide use

North America

i feel sure that 'pumpkin' is one of our international fall kigo. or 'squash'.

here in america, it is a custom to have a 'pumpkin patch'. a farmer will grow and sell pumpkins in late october. or sometimes a church youth group will sell pumpkins on the church lawn.

families will go to the pumpkin patch select a pumpkin for halloween carving into a jack-o-lantern.

here is a haiku of mine that recently came in first in the 'haiku party' featuring the kigo 'pumpkin' at the journal, south by southwest.

twin redheads
toddle their pumpkin
to the car

susan delphine delaney md
plano, texas

Things found on the way

Daruma like a pumpkin  

O-bake kabocha (お化けカボチャ)
huge pumpkin and ghosts
monster pumpkin 御化南瓜

These huge pumpkins are usually not eaten in Japan and used for Halloween. At Shodojima in the Inland Sea there is a competition for the most heavy pumpkin of Japan.

CLICK for original LINK  ..
There is a famous rakugo funny story about a vendor of pumpkins
toonasuya 唐茄子屋
Kabochaya かぼちゃ屋」
Nankin seidan なんきん政談 (in Osaka dialect)


asa-ichi no obake kabocha no ninki kana

at the morning market
he is a great favorite -
the monster pumpkin

Kawakami Ryotaro


itokoni no boofura amaki tooji kana

the pumpkin of this
itokoni is so sweet ...
winter solsitce

Snow Rabbit


harvest moon
the scent of pumpkin soup
next door

- Shared by Ramona Linke -
Joys of Japan, 2012

Related words

***** Gourd and gourd pickles (uri) Japan

***** Melon (uri) ... Cucumis melo var. makuwa Japan.
Watermelon (suika). Snake gourd (karasu uri). Oriental melon (makuwa uri).

***** Halloween, Hallowe’en North America

Autumn Vegetables



Shishigatani pumpkin



Shishigatani pumpkin (Shishigatani kabocha)

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: All Autumn
***** Category: Plant


Shishigatani, the Shishi Valley (Shishigatani 鹿ケ谷) in the Higashiyama area in the North of Kyoto.
Lit. "deer path valley”
Once a priest got lost in the large forest and was rescued by a deer that showed him the way back to his temple.

Shishigatani kabocha 鹿ヶ谷南瓜(カボチャ)pumpkins from Shishigatani
鹿ヶ谷かぼちゃ/ 「鹿ケ谷カボチャ

Curcurbita moschata, Toonas Makino

Hyootan Nankin, Hyoutan-nankin
Shishigatani nankin.
Hyootan 瓢箪 is a gourd.

Kabocha is called OKABO オカボ in Kyoto dialect.

Shishigatani pumpkin, green

This pumpkin is grown in the Sakyo area.
About 200 years ago, two farmers, Shohei and Matabei 庄兵衛 ,又兵衛, got some seeds from Tohoku from one Tamaya Tooshiroo 玉屋藤四郎, who visited Tsugaru, from a normal kikuza kabocha 菊座かぼちゃ pumpkin and planted it in the valley village of their home valley Shishigatani. For some reason, it formed into the gourd-shape it is now. With the advent of modern vegetables, it is now not grown in the area any more. Some farmers for traditional vegetables in Kyoto still grow it around Kyoto, mostly in Ayabe 綾部.
CLICK for more photos

When it grows older, the color changes from green to orange-brown. The outside is full of bumps.

Shishigatani Pumpkin Kyoto

It is also used as a decoration, because of its shape and many painters use it as a model. Some say it is a medicine to prevent polio in mid-summer. It contains a lot of linolen acid.
If you cut it in half, you can use both the indents to fill with two different kinds of gratin and use the whole as a pot for your food.

It tasts not so sweet and has the texture of a sweet potato.


Shishigatani Kabocha Kuyoo 鹿ヶ谷かぼちゃ供養

Memorial ritual for the pumpkin

anrakuji Temple

At the temple Anraku-Ji 安楽寺 there is a "memorial service" for the Shishigatani Pumpkin, which is cooked there and then eaten by the visitors to stay healthy for the rest of the Year. (July 25). This ritual began about 200 years ago, when the priest Ekizui Shonin 真空益随(えきずい)上人 heared that this pumpkin will help to prevent palsy and strenghten the health of the poor.

The temple is most beautiful in autumn with many red leaves.

. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Temple Anrakuji


Plate from the kiln 松斎窯作, Kyoto
Kiyomizu Pottery 清水焼

Shishigatani plate

. . . CLICK here for Photos !


Now we make a time slip in the valley,
to an old story told forever in a Noh performance.

The Shishigatani Incident (鹿ケ谷事件, Shishigatani jiken) of June 1177 was a failed uprising against the rule of regent Taira no Kiyomori 平清盛 in Japan. The conspiracy was discovered, and its perpetrators arrested and punished before any part of their plan was put into action.

The incident is also known in Japanese as Shishigatani no Inbō (鹿ケ谷の陰謀), the Shishigatani Conspiracy or Plot. The name comes from the location where the conspirators met, a mountain villa belonging to Jōken Hōin, in the Shishi Valley (Shishigatani) in the Higashiyama area of Kyoto.

This is the most famous of a number of conspiracies and uprisings against Kiyomori. He rose quickly to power in the 1160s and dominated rather than guided the Imperial Court, taking advantage of his position to install members of his own family into high court positions, and marrying them into the Imperial family. In a number of ways, and on a number of occasions, he offended and opposed the cloistered Emperor Go-Shirakawa and the Fujiwara family of court nobles and regents.

Thus, Fujiwara no Narichika, his son Fujiwara no Naritsune, Saikō (religious name of Fujiwara no Moromitsu), Taira no Yasuyori (Hei-Hogan, or Taira police lieutenant), Tada no Kurando Yukitsuna (a Genji from Settsu province), and the monk Shunkan 俊寛 gathered, along with others, in a small country villa in Shishigatani, to conspire against Kiyomori and the Taira clan as a whole.

Tada Yukitsuna, however, was in fact a spy for Kiyomori, and reported the conspiracy to his lord. Saikō, a monk, was tortured and then executed, angering monastic groups already opposed to his considerable secular authority. Shunkan, Yasuyori, and Naritsune were exiled to a remote island south of Kyūshū called "Kikai Island", which has been identified with at least three different islands. Kiyomori then rebuked Emperor Go-Shirakawa, who had been aware of the plot, seized a number of mansions belonging to the Fujiwara, and dismissed a number of officials from office, including Regent Fujiwara no Motofusa. He then filled the vacated Court positions with members of his own family.

The events, and their consequences, are related in the classical epic Heike monogatari, and in a number of derivative works such as the Noh play Shunkan and the jōruri (puppet theater) production Heike Nyogo-ga-Shima which concern themselves with the exiles on Kikai-ga-shima.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


Shishigatani Daruma Kabocha

source : boumama735

Worldwide use

Things found on the way

Daruma Pumpkins かぼちゃ達磨 Kabocha Daruma


hai maite aru Shishigatani nankin kana

ashes sprinkled
around the pumpkins from

Nakajima Yooka 中島陽華


Shishigatani no yoshi aru soo no hatsu kukai

in a fine villa
in the Shishigatani valley -
first haiku meeting of the year

Oohashi Etsu-ooshi 大橋越央子


he looks just
like my dear friend Daruma -
Shishigatani pumpkin

Gabi Greve, September 2009

Related words

***** MORE
Traditional vegetables of Kyoto 京野菜 Kyoo yasai

***** Kabocha 南瓜 (かぼちゃ) pumpkin, squash

***** . WASHOKU
Vegetable SAIJIKI



Shun and Vegetables


Specialities of the Season (shun no mono)

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: Topic
***** Category: Humanity


SHUN 旬 (しゅん) season, the best season for fresh food

shun no mono, 旬の物 specialities of the season, seasonal food
shun no aji, 旬の味 taste of the season
shun no mikaku 旬の味覚 seasonal delicacies

The most important part of washoku. It dates back to the time when no refrigerators were available.
shun is also the time when a vegetable (or something else) is "at its best" as a kigo for haiku, for example the ants in summer.

Most of the ingredients for cooking are also kigo.
See the World Kigo Database

CLICK for more photos CLICK for many more photos


Vegetables from a hothouse are found in the stores at any time of the year, they are never SHUN.

Vegetables of the season are full of the energy of the season, full of nutrition and vitamines and best for the human health. Vegetables produced on the free land have a lot more energy than those from the greenhouses.

In spring, the first sun givee new energy to the plants. Buds and first leaves of plants are eaten most often, like fuki no too or tara no me. (see mori no megumi)

In summer the energy circle is at it's hight. Most plants produce fruits and vegetables to eat, like cucumbers, eggplants or tomatoes.

In autumn, many grains and fruit or nuts from trees are harvested, like rice or persimmons. Natural energy tends to provide for the next generation already.

In winter, natural energy takes a rest. Now most of the roots of vegetables are eaten, like radish and turnips. They have a lot of fibers and are a great addition to the winterly nabe hodgepodge dishes.

Within each season, the FIRST hatsumono 初物 of something was also a great pleasure for the gourmets of Edo.
Ships would race to carry the first catch of bonitos, hatsugatsuo, hatsu gatsuo, to fetch a good price or bring it as a special present to the Shogun of Edo.
First rice or first tea of the season are also well known specialities.

Check the main
Washoku Saijiki
for more details about dishes with these seasonal ingredients.


Vegetables for Spring Cooking
asparagus, endomame beans, jagaimo potatoes, kyabetsu cabbage, nanohana mustard flowers, retasu lettuce and salads, tamanegi onions, udo Japanese spikenard and many more.

Vegetables for Summer Cooking
CLICK for more summer vegetableskyuuri cucumbers, mame-rui all kinds of beans, nasu eggplants, serori cellery, shishitoo hot peppers, shooga ginger, tomato, toomorokoshi corn, zucchini.
hyakka 万葉(ひゃっか)"onethousand leaves" manba, takana from Kagawa

Vegetables for Autumn Cooking
kabu turnips, kabocha pumpkin, kinoko ki no ko mushrooms, ninjin carrots, rakkasei peanuts, piiman paprica, satoimo sato-imo yam, satsumaimo satsuma-imo sweet potatoes, shiitake mushrooms, tororo-imo yamspotatoes and many other mushrooms.

Vegetables for Winter Cooking
CLICK for more photos daikon radish, hakusai Chinese cabbage, hoorenso spinach, karifurawaa cauliflower and broccoli, komatsuna, kyoosai Kyoto vegetables, naganegi leek, renkon lotus roots, shungiku garland chrysanthemums, yamaimo yama-imo yam and others.


YAM ... Dioscorea
is a genus of over 600 species of flowering plants in the family Dioscoreaceae, native throughout the tropical and warm temperate regions of the world. The vast majority of the species are tropical, with only a few species extending into temperate climates.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

yamaimo, yama imo, yama-imo 山芋
Dioscorea japonica
Japanese yam
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
yama no imo ヤマノイモ(山の芋)"root from the mountain"
There used to be about 13 different wild ones in the mountains of Japan.
They came to Japan via China as a cultivated plant. There are no wild ones.

They are the most popular, grown all year as "ichinen imo" 一年芋.
Also called "tokkuri imo" トックリイモ(徳利芋).
Jinenjo 自然薯(学名: Dioscorea japonica Thunb.)
In Okayama prefecture, Kibi Chuo Town, mochi are prepared with these roots.

Some special forms of yamaimo:
gingko leaf root, ichoo imo イチョウイモ(銀杏芋)because of the form.

These are also called "hands folded in Buddhist prayer" busshoo imo ブッショウイモ(仏掌芋).

In the Kanto area, they are called "Yamato imo" ヤマトイモ(大和芋).
Varieties are "tsukuneimo" ツクネイモ(つくね芋), "Tanba no imo" 丹波山の芋, Iseimo 伊勢芋.

nagaimo... 長芋(Dioscorea batatas Decne)

Yamaimo are used to make the slimy tororo, they are therefore also called
tororoimo, tororo imo とろろ芋、トロロ芋.
(Dioscorea opposita)

. Tororo jiru とろろ汁 (とろろじる)grated yam with miso bean paste soup  
and other autumn dishes

tokoro ところ【野老】 Japanese yam
Dioscorea tokoro
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
The roots of this plant are only edible after getting rid of the bitterness. It is eaten in some areas by the poor farmers.

more KIGO with yama-imo, Japanese YAM

propagule 零余子 (むかご) mukago
of the yam

Jamswurzel, Yamswurzel

Matsuo Basho and haiku about TOKORO yam

. Yam dreaming . Australia  


The sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas)
has traditionally been referred to as a "yam" in parts of the southern United States and Canada even though it is not part of the Dioscoreaceae family.
The word yam comes from Portuguese inhame or Spanish ñame, which both ultimately derive from the Wolof word nyam, meaning "to sample" or "taste"; in other African languages it can also mean "to eat", e.g. yamyam and nyama in Hausa.
The majority of the vegetable is composed of a much softer substance known as the "meat". This substance ranges in color from white or yellow to purple or pink in ripe yams.
Konnyaku belongs here too.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


satoimo, sato imo 里芋 taro

Colocasia esculenta
taro imo タロ芋

In German we have
Taro-Kartoffel sato-imo
Jamswurzel (Duden spelling), Yamswurzel, yama-imo
Süßkartoffel ist Satsumaimo.


the name derived from the Portugese, which introduced this vegetagle from Cambodia (カンボジア kambojia ... kaboja). The Chinese characters imply "a gourd that came from the south (Nagasaki)" 南瓜.

kabocha 南瓜 (かぼちゃ) pumpkin, squash


Cauliflower and Broccoli
Cauliflower, Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
Japanese name for cauliflower is hanayasai ハナヤサイ(花椰菜) flower vegetable or hanakanran ハナカンラン(花甘藍)flower cabbage, literally the German "Blumen Kohl". Or
花梛菜(はなはぼたん)hana habotan "Blumen-Pfingstrose" flower-peony. The second Chinese character 梛 is NAGI, Podocarpus nagi, Japanische Steineibe.

Broccoli, Brassica oleracea var. italica
Japanese name for broccoli: midori hanayasai ミドリハナヤサイ(緑花野菜)
green flower vegetable or flower vegetable hanayassai メハナヤサイ(芽花野菜)
Grown in Yamaguchi prefecture, a mix between broccoli and the chinese vegetable saishin 薄葉細辛Asiasarum sieboldii is called hanakkori はなっこりー and is sold since 2003.
A mixture of broccoli and cauliflower is called romanesuko ( ロマネスコromanesque) in Europe, but in Japan it is karikkorii カリッコリー.
Main growing areas are Saitama, Aichi, Hokkaido.

Both vegetables came to Jaan after the Meiji restauration in 1868, not only as a vegetable but as a flower to enjoy in the garden. After WWII it became more widespread as food in Japan, together with a wider influnece of Western food.

burokkori ブロッコリ broccoli
komohcihana yasai 子持花椰菜(こもちはなやさい)"vegetable with a flower that has children"
kigo for all winter

Blumenkohl und Brokkoli


WKD : Radish (daikon) Rettich  
(Raphanus sativus L.)

nezumi daikon ねずみだいこん/ ねずみ大根 "rat radish, mouse radish"
from Shimabara. It has a very strong taste. They are quite small and thick.
Similar to Momoyama daikon.
Since 1695, this radish was mentioned as grown by farmers in a district called NEZUMI, Rat in Shinshuu and eaten with buckwheat noodles. 信州埴科郡坂城町中之条の鼠地区
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

hatsuka daikon 二十日大根 ( はつかだいこん) "20 days old radish"
a fast-growing round and small radish. Comes in the colors red, yellow, purple and white. Originally from Europa, indroduced to Japan in the Meiji period. also called
radisshu ラディッシュ
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Shinshu-ji-daikon, Maesaka-daikon, Oyadakarami-daikon, Akaguchi-daikon, Daimon-daikon, Tatara-daikon, Togakusi-daikon, Wattera-daiokn わってら大根, Haibara-daikon, Maki-daikon, Kirehamatumoto-ji-daikon and more varieties.

Ueno-daikon 上野大根
Edo Yasai, Edo dentoo yasai 江戸伝統野菜
Traditional vegetables of Edo

Dentoo yasai 伝統野菜 Traditional Japanese Vegetables


More vegetable kigo for All Winter

hakusai 白菜 (はくさい) chinese cabbage
ninjin 人参 (にんじん) carrots

early winter
kanchiku no ko 寒竹の子 (かんちくのこ)
babmoo shoots in the cold
... 寒筍(かんたけのこ)



shishitoo ししとう【獅子唐】
small sweet green pepper

shishitoogarashi 獅子唐辛子
best in summer
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Fushimi toogarashi 伏見トウガラシ
Manganji toogarashi 万願寺トウガラシ
from Kyoto、both are rather sweet

taka no tsume 鷹の爪 "tallon of a hawk"
Evodiopanax innovans
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Togarashi 唐辛子 red hot pepper


kinpira キンピラ simmered root vegetables

Worldwide use

jahreszeitliche Spezialitäten
Zutaten aus der Jahreszeit

Things found on the way


yawashiro kaze fuite karei no shun to naru

wind blows
over the rice seeldings ...
season for flounders

Ninomiya Miyo 二宮美代


ninjin o narabete okeba wakaru nari

when I arrange
the carrots side by side
I understand

Tokita Tomoya 鴇田智哉 (1969 - )


yamabie no donzoku kusuri gui no shun

in the middle of
cold winter mountains ...
season for medicinal food

Fujita Minoru 藤田美乗

source : 俳句例句データベース Japanese haiku about SHUN

kusurigui, "eating medicine" kigo for all winter

Related words
kulinarisch Augenschmauß

Daikon ... Radishes used in Temple Ceremonies

Kyooyasai, kyoyasai, kyosai 京野菜 / 京菜 Vegetables from Kyoto.
Gemüse aus Kyoto, Kyoto-Gemüse

. Takana 高菜 mustard greens .

***** WASHOKU :
YASAI . Vegetable Saijiki






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.......... JJJ

jagaimo, jaga-imo ... Kartoffel (Danshaku und May Queen) Solanum tuberosum
jajamen ... Jajamen. Nudelgericht aus Morioka.
janjanyaki ... Braten von Lachs auf der heißen Eiesnplatte

jibachiyaki ... gegrillte Larven der Erdwespe
jibuni冶部煮... Jibuni. Wildente mit Gemüse gekocht, aus Kanazawa
jidai ... xzy-Zeit !
jidori ... lokale Hühnerarten
jigoku mushi ... „Dämpfen in der Hölle“. Für Hühner und andere Zutaten aus Oita
jigokumushi gama ...Dampfgarer

jingisukaan nabe, Genghis Khan nabe, ... Dschingis Khan-Grillgericht, Eintopf mit Hammelfleisch
jizaikagi ... Kesselhaken

Joomon jidai ... Jomon-Zeit. ?Jungsteinzeit
... joomon 縄文 Schnurmuster; Strohschnurmuster #Schnurabdruckdekor

jooyanabe ... „Eintopf für jeden Abend“ "hodgepodge for each evening"
joshinko ... Mehl aus Uruchi-Reis 上新粉

junmaishu ... Reiner Reiswein, ohne Zusatz von Alkohol oder Zucker
junmaisu ... Reiner Reisessig, pure rice vinegar
jure ジュレ ... jelly . from the French: gelee

................................................ KKKK

..... KAKAKA

kaa カー ... spice from south-east asia. sold raw, dry or frozen.
kabayaki かばやき【蒲焼き】 ... grilled or broiled eel. gebratener Aal
kabocha ... Kürbis. Gartenkürbis. Cucurbita moschata
kabocha taikai ... „Fest der großen Kürbise“ auf Shoodoshima
kabosu ... Kabosu-Zitrusfrucht. Citrus sphaerocarpa.
kabu ... Mairübchen §Rüben, scheint das gleiche wie kabura zu sein.
kabura ... Rübe, Brassica campestris var. rapa
kaburazushi ... Fermentierte Rüben und Gelbschwanz
kaerichirimen, kaeri-chirimen かえりちりめん ... kind of small, dried fish (shirasu boshi)
kaeshi, okaeshi … Gegengeschenk
kagamimochi … „Neujahrs-Mochi“. rundes Mochi. „Spiegel-Mochi“. kazarimochi ... Dekorations-Mochi. Neujahrsdekoration.
kagen jooyu, kagenzu 加減醤油 加減酢 ... tpye of mixes soy sauce / vinegar. can be mixed with ricewine or dashi.

kaibashira かいばしら【貝柱】 ... adductor muscle in a shellfish. Muschelband (der Jakobsmuschel). sold dry or in cans.
kaienupeppe カイエヌペッパ ... cayenne pepper
kaiseki ryoori ... Kleine Mahlzeit vor der Teezeremonie懐石
kaiseki ryoori ... Kaiseki-Cuisine. Festliche Mahlzeit. 会席料理
kaisendonburi, kaisen donburi ... Schale Reis mit gemischten Meeresfrüchten 海鮮どんぶり
kaishiki かいしき ... white paper to place food on. in olden times, sasa leaves were used.
kaisho 会所 ... place to come for eating a formal kaiseki meal (example: Golden Pavillion)
kaisoo ... Seegras. 海草 seaweed
kaitoo 解凍 ... thaw, defrost. auftauen
kaitooge ... Eier des Kraken海藤花(かいとうげ)
kaiware daikon ... Rettichsprossen (vom weißen Rettich), see kaiwari.
kaiwarena ... Samensprossen
kaiwari 貝割り ... tool to open shells
kaiwarina 貝割り菜 (kaiwarena) ... frisch gesprossenes Gemüse, radish or beans. also kaiware.
kaiyaki … Muscheln in der Schale gegrillt
kajika ... Kaulkopf (Spinnenfisch). Cottus kazika
kajikibashi ... Essstäbchen für Wildfleisch

kaki, magaki ... Fam. Pazifische Felsenaustern (Meresfrüchte). Fam. Crassostrea – gemeine Pazifische Felsenauster : magaki, Crassostrea gigas ist Pacific cupped oyster, pacific giant oyster (Pazifische Riesen-Felsenauster, iwagaki,Crassostrea nippona. Oysters)
kaki, kaki no ki ... Persimone (Früchte), Sharonfrucht. Diospyros kaki. Persimmon, Sharon Fruit (bitter kaki variety prepared for eating)
kakiage, kaki age ... Kakiage. geschnitzeltes Tenpura mit geschnittenen Muscheln, Krabben und Gemüse.
kakigoori ... Raspeleis §Geraspeltes Eis. ?Kratzeis
kaki no dotenabe ... Austern-Dotenabe-Eintopf
kaki no tane ... Arare in der Form von Persimonen-Samen
kakitamajiru かきたまじる / 掻き卵汁 ... soup with beaten egg
kakko ... „Skorpion-Snack“. Konfekt aus China. 餲餬
kakuni 角煮 ... das Kakuni, in Würfel geschnittenes x. diced pork.
kakushiaji かくしあじ【隠し味】 ... Geschmacksverfeinerung
kakuterusoosu カクテルソース ... cocktail sauce

kama ... Breitblättriger Rohrkolben. Typha latifolia.
kamaboko ... Fischpastete. (Fischkuchen)
kamameshi ... Reis und Beilagen im gleichen Topf gekocht
kamasu 梭魚 (かます) ... Roter Barrakuda §Edelhecht . Sphyraena pinguis . yamato kamasu : Sphyraena japonica … red barracuda
kaminariika, kaminari ika ... „Donner-Tintenfisch“. mongo-ika für Sushi. Sepia lycidas. kobu-ika

kanagushi 金ぐし ... metal skewer
kanappe カナッペ ... cannape. Kanapee, Cocktailhappen
kanbaikoo 寒梅粉 ... mochigome-Klebreismehl, in der Zeit gemacht, wenn die „Pflaumen im Kalten“ blühen. kanbai
kanbiiru ... Bier in Dosen, Büchsenbier
kanbutsu ... getrocknete Lebensmittel
kancha ... „Tee aus der kalten Jahreszeit“, Tokushima
kaneroni カネロニ ... cannelloni

kani ... Krebs. ?Krabbe. Fam. Brachyura ... siehe Untergruppen mit Eigennamen
kanikama / kanifuumi kamaboko かに風味かまぼこ... Kamaboko aus Krabbenfleisch
kanikurokke ... Krabben-Kroketten
kanimiso ... Paste aus Krabbeneingeweiden
kanitama ... Omlett mit Krabbenfleisch, chinesische Art
kanizoosui ... Angedickte Reissuppe mit Krabbenfleisch. rice porridge

kankidan, danki ... „Freuden-Kräcker“. Neujahrskonfekt.
kankoro ... Mehl aus Süßkartoffeln. Shoodoshima
kankoro soba ... Kankoro-Nudeln.
kanpachi ... Gelbschwanzstachelmakrele §Bastard-Makrele (Ersatz: Meeräsche oder Knurrhahn) Seriola dumerili. greater amberjack
kanpo ... chinesische Medizin
kanpyoo ... getrocknete Kürbisstreifen. von Lagenaria siceraria var. hispida
kanraku ... Käse. 乾酪
kanroni ... in angesüßter Soyasauce gekochtes
kansaba 寒サバ ... „Makrele im Kalten“
kansui ... alkalische Lösung, für die Ramen-Nudelherstellung
kantamago ... im Winter gelegte Hühnereier
kanten ... Agar-Agar. aus Tengusa. Gelidium amansii
kanzoo甘草 ... Süßholz, Lakrize. Glycyrrhiza uralensis und G.glabra
kanzoo萱草 ... Taglilie. Hemerocallis fulva

kaoyaapin カオヤーピン / 烤鴨餅... chinese food, kind of crepe, to wrap pecking duck and others.

kappamaki ... „Gurken-Rolle für einen Wasserkobold“ Sushiart

kappoo 割烹(かっぽう) ... "Geschnittenes und Gekochtes" . Lebensmittel zubereiten. kappyo ryoori Traditionelles Japanisches Essen.

kara-age, karaage ... ohne marinieren Frittiertes, nur in katakuriko oder Mehl gewendet . Tatsuta.age, tatsutaage mariniert in Sojasauce und Mirin, dann nur katakuriko.
karashi ... Japanischer Senf. scharf
karashi mentaiko ... Alaska-Seelachsrogen, scharf
karashina ... Senfkraut. Brassica juncea
karasumi ... getrockneter Rogen der Meeräsche
karayaki ... Meeresfrüchte in der Schale gegrillt
karee ... der Curry (als Gewürz), das Curry (als Gericht)
karee pan ... Curry in Brotteig
karei ... Kliesche. Limanda limanda §Seriola dumerili. dab
karei鰈 ... Flunder. Platichtichthys flesus. flounder
karei, magarei ... §Seezunge (Scholle, Plattfisch). Pleuronectes herzensteini
karifurawaa ... Blumenkohl. Brassica oleracea var. botrytis.
karubi … Koreanische Speise. Rinderrippen in Sauce mariniert für yakiniku. Calbie, galbi in Korean.

kasago笠子... Skorpionsfisch-Art. Sebastiscus marmoratus. false kelpfish. sebastinae sind Stachelköpfe
kasairui かさいるい【花菜類】 ... fruits and vegetables. Früchte und Gemüse
kashi no mi ... Eichel. Von der Eiche Quercus glauca.
kashoo 花椒 ... kind of chinese mountain pepper
kashooen 花椒塩 ... salt with Chinese mountain pepper
kashuunatsu カシューナツ / カシューナッツ ... cashew nuts
kasu かす【滓/糟/粕】 ... lees, dregs grounds. Treber, Bodensatz, Rückstand
kasujiru  粕汁 ... soup with sake lees
kassuree カッスレー ... cassoulet
kasuzuke 粕漬け ... pickled with sake lees
kasutaado ... Vanillepudding, Vanillesauce. custard
kasutera ... Castella. Castilian cake. Biskuitkuchen. Spanischer Kastenkuchen. Kastella.

katakuchi iwashi ... Anchovis. Sardelle. Anchovy. Engraulis japonica
katakuriko かたくりこ【片栗粉】 ..... Hundsveilchen-Stärke . #Stärkemehl (aus Hundsveilchen) Erythronium japonicum
kataniku, kataroosu 肩肉  ... Fleisch von der Schulter
katei ryoori ... Hausmannskost
katorari カトラー ... cutlery. Besteck
katoruepisu, katoru episu カトルエピス ... quatre epice, quatre espices. mixed spices

katsu ... Kotelette ?Schnitzel ?Schweineschnitzel / auch "fight to win"
katsuretsu カツレツ ... cutlet. Kotelette
katsudon ... Reis mit Schnitzel
katsukaree, Katsu karē ... Schnitzel mit Currysauce ?Kotelette mit Currysauce

katsuo ... Bonito-Thunfisch. . Echter Bonito ??Bonito / Blaufisch (Thunfischart) . Katsuwonus pelamis. skipjack tuna
katsuobushi ... Katsuobushi.
There are two different things
the hard pieces Katsuobushi ?Katsuobushi-Stücke and
the small light flakes, Katsuobushi-Flocken ? Katsuobushi-Späne 鰹節 (kezurikatsuo ?Bonitospäne ?Bonitoflocken) .
katsuo no tataki ... Bonito-Sushi ?Katsuo-Sushi mit gehackten Frühlingszwiebeln und Knoblauch (scharf angebratener Bonito)

katteeji chiizu カッテージチーズ ... cottage cheese. Hüttenkäse, körniger Schichtkäse

kawaebi, kawa-ebi ... Flußgarnele. Macrobrachium nipponense
kawahagi ... Segelfeilenfisch §Feilenfisch Stephanolepis cirrhifer. thread-sail filefish
kawakani, sawagani ... Flußkrabbe, Flusskrabbe. Geothelphusa dehaani. Japanische Süßwasserkrabbe
kayaki ... weiße Nanbu-Waffeln für die Suppe. nanbu senbei
kayu, o-kayu, okayu ... Reissuppe. Reisgrütze (nicht Reisbrei). shirakayu白粥 . weisse Reissuppe
kazunoko, kazu no ko かずのこ【数の子】 ... herring roe. Heringsrogen. „Unzählbare Kinder“.

.......... KEKEKE

kegani ... Haarkrabbe. Kegani-Krabbe. Haarkrabben (haarige Krabbe). Erimacrus isenbeckii. hairy crab. 大栗蟹 ookurigani, Esskastanienkrabbe
keishin ... Zimtgebäck.
keihan鶏飯(けいはん)... Reis mit Hühnchen
kenboo ... good mother. ryoosai kenboo 良妻賢母 good wife and wise mother
kengyo 献魚 ... Fisch als Opfergabe
kenzakiika, kenzaki ika, kensaki ika ... Schwertspitzen-Kalmar. § Schwertspitzen-Tintenfisch. Loligo edulis
keshoojio ... „Salz-Makeup“ für Grillfische, auf Schwanz und Flossen.

.......... KIKIKI

kibi ... Hirse. Panicum miliaceum.
kibidango, kibi dango … Hirsekloß, Hirseklößchen, Hirsebällchen黍団子 millet dumplings ... mit mochikibi. Mischung aus ca. 60% Mochigome und 40% Hirse
kibimochi ... Mochi aus Hirsemehl.
kibinago黍女子、黍魚子、吉備女子、吉備奈仔... „Blaue Sprotte“. Spratelloides gracilis. Silver-stripe round herring, Slender sprat
kichiji ... Fisch. Sebastolobus macrochir. Art „kasago“.
kihada黄肌、木肌... Gelbflossen-Thunfisch. §Gelbflossen-Thun.. Thunnus albacares. yellowfin tuna
kiji ... Fasan Phasianus colchicus tohkaidi
kijooyu udon ... udon mit Sojasauce生醤油(きじょうゆ)
kikurage ... „Quallen der Bäume“. Holunderschwamm. Auricularia auricula
kikuza きくざ【菊座】 ... "Chrysanthemensitz", japanische Kürbisart. Kikuza Squash. Cucurbita moschata

kimchi ... Kimchi, kimchee, Korean kimchee
kimi ... Eigelb
kimiyaki ... Braten mit einem Eigelb. auch oogonyaki, Gold-Gebratenes.

kin 禽 ... two-legged animals, birds to be eaten
kinako きなこ【黄な粉】 ... soybean flour. Sojabohnenmehl. „Gelbes Mehl“. gedörrtes Sojabohnenmehl
kinkatoo ... „Goldener Blumen-Zucker“, Süßigkeit aus Kanazawa
kinmedai金目鯛... Kinmedai. Centroberyx druzhinini 金目鯛 §Südlicher Kaiserbarsch. §Beryx splendens. - Golden Eye snapper. alfonsino
kinjisoo ... 金時草 … Kinjiso. Blattgemüse aus Kanazawa. Gynura bicolor
kinpira ... Schwarzwurzel gekocht in Sojasauce und Sesamöl
kinoko, ki no ko ... Pilze (allgemeine Bezeichnung)
kinomi, ki no mi ... Nüsse
kintoki mame ... Kintoki-Bohnen. Phaseolus vulgaris. large adzuki beans
kinton ... Kinton-Brei. Aus Süßkartoffeln oder Esskastanien oder Bohnen.
kinugoshidoofu ... Seiden-Tofu #Seidentofu. Durch ein Seidensieb passierter Tofu
kinusaya ... Zuckererbse, Zuckererbsenschote. Fam. Leguminosae

kirimugi ... „geschnittener Weizen“, Name für Nudeln in der Kamakurazeit

kiritanpo ... Gerösteter Reis am Stab . das Kiritampo, ?gegrillter Kiritanpo-Reis, Reisrolle (?Kiritanpo $Fischrolle)

kiru 切る ... cutting food. xxxkiri, xxxgiri ... see extra entry.
kisago ... Strandschnecke. Umbonium costatum
kisaminegi ... fein geschnittener Lauch
kinshi tamago ... „Goldfaden-Ei“. Dünnes Omelett, in feine Streifen geschnitten
kishimen ... Bandnudeln aus Nagoya. Weizennudeln
kisu ... Japanischer Sillago. §Sillago (Sillago japonica §Sillaginidae, Weißlinge) . japanese whiting
kitamaebune ... Schiff der nördlichen Handelsrute
kitsune ... Fuchs. Inari ist die Fuchsgottheit.
kitsune udon, kitsune soba ... mit Abura-Age, der Lieblingsspeise des Fuchses: Udon-Nudelsuppe mit einem Fuchs“ „Buchweizen-Nudelsuppe mit einem Fuchs“

.......... KOKOKO

kobumaki, konbumaki ... Kombu-Rollen
kochi, magochi鯒 ... Indischer Plattkopf §Plattkopf (Fisch) Platycephalus indicus $Platycephalus sp. Bartail flathat
kochi ... Entenschnabel-Plattkopf. Bembrops anatirostris. duckbill flathat
kochi … Indischer Plattkopf, Platycephalus indicus, bartail flathat
kogomi ... Straußenfarn. Matteuccia struthiopteris. oistrich fern
kohada/ shinko ... Gefleckter Pazifikhering §Alse/Maifisch. Konosirus punctatus. dotted gizzard shad
Kojiki ... älteste Geschichtschronik, 8. Jhd.
kokemomo ... Preiselbeere
kokemushi 苔蒸し… moss simmering
kokuminshoku 国民食 ... national dish
kokumotsu ... Getreide
kokusan 国産 ... domesitcally produced food, Japanese food source
komatsuna ..... Senfspinat #Das Komatsuna (Brassica rapa var. perviridis) spinach mustard
kome ... Reis auf dem Feld. Oryza sativa var. japonica, short-grain rice
komesu, yonezu … Reisessig
komochi ... „mit Kindern“ weibliche Fische
komodoofu, komo toofu コモドウフ tofu wrapped in a straw coever
komugi ... Weizen. Triticum aestivum. komugiko ... wheat flour

konbini コンビニ ... Konbini. ?Kombini / convenience store, Selbstbedienungsladen. Conbini

konbu ... Kombu (DAS Kombu). ?Kombu-Seetang ?Konbu. ?Riementang. ?Braunalge.. Laminaria japonica. Laminaria saccharina. Royal or Sweet Kombu. Sea spaghetti (Himanthalia elongata).
konbumaki ... Kombu-Rollen ?Konbu-Rollen

kondate 献立 ... menu, Menü. Zusammenstellung der Speisen für eine Mahlzeit
konebachi ... Knetschale. Für Soba und Udon

konnyakuimo, konnyaku imo ... Konjak. Konjakknolle ?Konnyaku-Knolle. #Konjakwurzel . Amorphophallus konjac. Wunderwurzel Glucomannan. auch Teufelszunge oder Tränenbaum
konnyaku ... Konjak. #?Konnyaku #Konjac – ito-konnyaku ... Faden-Konjak #Faden-Konnyaku. gelatineartige Masse aus Aronstabknollen. Amorphophallus konjac. nama-imo konnyaku, roher Konjak (direkt aus Knollen zubereitet)
konnyaku ko .. 蒟蒻粉.. Konjakmehl. #Konjacmehl. Konjak-Extrakt. Ein Verdickungsmittel
... ita-konnyaku ... Konjak im Block
... shirataki ... Konjak-Glasnudeln
... konnyakudama ... Konjak-Knolle

konomiyaki ... siehe Okonomiyaki
konowata ... gesalzene Eingeweide der Seegurke
konpeitoo ... sugar candy. Konfekt. 金平糖; 金米糖. vom portugiesischen confeito. also aruheitoo 有平糖
konsome karyuu ... Brühe-Granulat §granulierte Brühe
konton ... Teigtaschen mit Fleischbällchen und Gemüse

koogen yasai ... Gemüse der Hochebenen
kooika, koo ika ... Tintenfisch. Sepia esculenta甲烏賊
kooji ... Hefe. Kooji-Pilzkultur. Reis-Kooji, kome kooji, Aspergillus oryzae 米麹. - mugi-kooji Weizen-Kooji. mamekooji, Bohnen-Kooji-Pilzkultur (Aspergillus hatcho)
koon コーン... Mais / Babymaiskolben. (tomorokoshi, corn)


koonfureeku ... Cornflakes

Autumn sunrise---
the smell of

Fred Masarani
Autumn 2012


koo no mono 香の物 ... pickles
Koorai ninjin 高麗人参... Koreanischer Ginseng. Panax ginseng
koppepan ... süßes Hefebrötchen
korokke ... Krokette
koshiabura, koshi-abura ... „Koshi-Abura-Sprossen“. Acanthopanax sciadophylloides (Fam. der Aralien)
kowa, okowa, kowameshi ... Mochi-Klebreis mit roten Bohnen
kowaii, kowameshi 強飯 ... hard boiled rice from uruchimai
Kooyadoofu ... Koya-Tofu. getrockneter Tofu vom Bergkloster Koyasan. (166)

.......... KUKUKU

kuchi ... anderer Name für „ishimochi“ ... Adlerfisch. Argyrosomus argentatus.
kuchikiri, kuchi kiri 口切り ... opening the lid of a new tea container
kuchinashi ... Gardenie. Gardenia jasminoides
kuchioto, kuchi oto 口音 ... noises of the mouth when eating
kudamono … Frucht, Obst.
kuitsumi … “Essen gemeinsam herauspicken” zum Neujahrsfest
kujira ... Walfisch
kujira nabe ... Walfleisch-Eintopf
kukkii ... Keks, Gebäck, Plätzchen
kuko no mi ... Frucht vom chinesischen Bocksdorn, Lycium chinense. chinese wolfberry

kuma ... Bär. Fam. Ursidae
kuma nabe, kumanabe ... Bären-Eintopf
kumogani ... „Spinnenkrabbe“. ?Schneekrabbe? Chionoecetes opilio
kuppa ... Koreanische Reissuppe

kuri ... Esskastanie. Castanea crenata.
kuriaji kabocha ... Hokkaidokürbis. Cucurbita maxima convar. akai kabocha roter Hokkaidokürbis aus Kaga (als Ersatz für Nanking-Kürbis)
kurigani ... „Eßkastanien-Krabbe“. Telmessus cheiragonus 
kurigohan ... Reis mit Esskastanien
kurikinton 栗金団 ... Mus aus Esskastanien ?Püree aus Esskastanien
kurimeshi ... Reis mit Esskastanien
kuri shiroppu 栗シロップ ... Kastaniensirup
kuritaruto ... Törtchen mit Esskastanienpaste

kuroawabi ... Schwarze Abalone. Haliotis discus
kurodai ... dunkle Meerbrasse. Acanthopagrus schlegeli
kurogoma ... schwarzer Sesam. Sesamum indicum nigrum
kurokawa ... Schwarzer Kürbis . kind of pumpkin

kuromaguro, kuro maguro ... nördlicher Blauflossen-Thunfisch. §nördlicher Blauflossen-Thun („Schwarzer Thunfisch“). Thunnus thynnus. northern bluefin tuna (§Thunnus orientalis)

kuromame ... schwarze Sojabohnen. Fam. Glycine max
kuromamecha ... Tee aus schwarzen Bohnen, Tottori
kuromejio … Salz vermischt mit Kurome-Seetang
kuromugi ... „schwarzer Weizen“, Name für Buchweizennudeln inder Heian-Zeit

Kuroshio 黒潮 ... Kuroshio-Strömung ?Kuroshio-Strom. Nordäquatorialstrom. lit. Strömung

kurosu ... “Schwarzer Reisssig” aus braunem Reis.
kuroyaki 黒焼き ... black grilled, dark baked (refers to animal meat in the Edo period)
kurozatoo ... brauner Zucker, Rohrzucker
kurozukuri … „schwarze Zubereitung“, in eigener Tinte und mit Salz gewürzter Tintenfisch

kuruma ebi, kuruma-ebi ... Geißelgarnele. Penaeus japonicus
kurumi ... Walnuss
kurimi-miso ... Walnuss-Miso ?Walnussmiso ?Walnusspaste

kusaya … “Stinker”

kushi ... Spieß. skewer
kushi-age ... auf Spießen in heißem Fett ausgebackene Speisen
kushi-dango, kushidango ... Klößchen am Spieß. see DANGO #Reisbällchen
kushigaki ... auf Spießen getrocknete Persimonen
kushikatsu ... frittiertes Schweinefleisch am Spieß
kushiyaki ... am Spieß gebratenes, meist gegrillt

kuwai ... Pfeilkraut, #Blattgemüse. Sagittaria trifolia. arrowhead bulb

kuzu くず【葛】 ... kudzu [Japanese arrowroot]. Pfeilwurzel, Knabenkraut, DAS Kuzu. Pueraria thunbergiana, P. lobata. ( マランタ Maranta rundinacea seems to be a different plant in the tropics)
kuzuko 葛粉(くずこ ) kudzu starch, made from the root. Pfeilwurzel-Stärke. #Kuzu-Stärke # Pfeilwurzelmehl, Knabenkrautmehl
kuzuan 葛餡 ... An-Masse auf Pfeilwurzel-Basis
kuzukake 葛掛け ... Gericht mit Pfeilwurzel-Sauce
kuzukiri 葛切り ... Nudeln aus Pfeilwurzel-Stärke
kuzumochi 葛餅 ... Küchlein aus Pfeilwurzel-Stärke
kuzuzakura 葛桜 ... mit rotem Bohnenmus gefülltes, mit einem Kirschblatt bedecktes Manju).
kuzuyu 葛湯 ... Pfeilwurzelmehlsuppe
kuzu ukon, kuzuukon クズウコン (葛鬱金) Pfeilwurz. Maranta arundinacea.

kyabetsu ... Kohl, Weißkohl. Fam. Brassica oleracea var. capitata … me-kyabetsu芽キャベツ, Rosenkohl, Brassia oleracea var. gemmifera. aka-kyabetsu … Rotkohl
..... とんがりキャベツ Spitzkohl, Pointed Cabbage

kyaraben … “Bentoo mit Characterfiguren”
kyooyasai … Gemüse aus Kyoto. Kyoto-vegetables. kyoosai, kyosai
kyuuri ... Gurke. Cucumis sativus. The Japanese cucumber is about 18 – 20 cm long, 2 mm in diameter and weighs about 180 – 200 grams. It is much smaller than a german Salatgurke. Landgurke.
kyuushoku ... Schulessen.Schulspeisung. school lunch

Top of this Glossary


Goboo Kyoto Vegetables


Burdock (goboo)

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: See below
***** Category: Plant and Humanity


edible burdock, comfrey, gobo, goboo 牛蒡
Arctium lappa, Greater Burdock
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japanische Schwarzwurzel, "grosse Klette"

It has medicinal properties and is used in Chinese medicine (kanpo). Said to help with fatique, prevents catching a cold, provokes urin production and detoxifies.
Japan seems the only place where it is eaten as a normal vegetable.
Before use in Japanese food it has to be soaked in vinegar to remove the bitterness. Its fibers are good for digestion.

kinpira goboo 金平, the name comes from the Strong Boy, Kintaroo 金太郎.
Kintaro, Daruma daki Kintaroo だるま抱き金太郎
Something that gives you strenth, kin hira 金平

planting burdock, goboo maku 牛蒡蒔く(ごぼうまく)
kigo for spring

flower of burdock, goboo no hana 牛蒡の花 (ごぼうのはは)
kigo for summer

planting burdock in autumn, aki no goboo maku
pulling out burdock, goboo hiku 牛蒡引く (ごぼうひく)
digging for burdock, goboo horu 牛蒡掘る (ごぼうほる)
kigo for autumn


kigo for mid-autumn

Fuji goboo 富士牛蒡(ふじごぼう) "Mount Fuji burdock"
subashiri goboo 、須走牛蒡(すばしりごぼう)
Fuji azami 富士薊 (ふじあざみ) "Mount Fuji thistle"
azami goboo 薊牛蒡(あざみごぼう)
Cirsium purpuratum
The name is burdock, but the plant belongs to the thistle family. The roots are often sold as a speciality of mountain hot springs and around Mount Fuji.


Hiraki goboo 開牛蒡 (ひらきごぼう) "open" burdock
"divining sticks" burdock, sangi goboo 算木牛蒡(さんぎごぼう),
"crushed" burdock tataki goboo 叩牛蒡(たたきごぼう)
The long burdock roots are inscised various times and boiled long as they are. They resemble the divining sticks of temples and shrines. Sometimes the burdock is crushed.
kigo for the New Year


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sacred rope like burdock, goboo jime 牛蒡注連( ごぼうじめ)
kigo for the New Year
Shimenawa 注連縄 details about the sacred rope


Yamamori Goboo 山盛りのゴボウ
Eating large portions of burdock

CLICK for more photos
This is an event in the town of Kuninaka in Echizen, Fukui prefecture.
The "Goboo eating group" goboo koo ごぼう講 meets on February 17. The men in official robes eat long stripes of burdock and drink sake to pray for a good harvest and good luck for the coming year.
This dates back to the year 1705 when the poor villagers kept a secret field in the compounds of the local shrine Kuninaka jinja 国中神社 to grow some extra rice they did not have to give a way as tax crop. They offered the rice and burdock to the local deity and partook of it afterwards. Nowadays, 48 families of the village still keep this tradition.

About 30 menfolk of the neighbourhood meet at the home of the one in charge for this year. They have to eat a lot of rice and burdock, 5 go cups of cooked of rice each (gogoo mossoomeshi 五合物相飯). This year 3oo kilograms of burdock were cooked and eaten with the fingers.

. . . CLICK here for Photos of shrine Kuninaka Jinja ! 国中神社



Dishes with burdock root

kinpira gobo, kinpira gobō, kinpira goboo

simmered burdock root, braised burdock root
Carrots and burdock are stir-fried with salt and sugar.
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Chikuzen-Ni with gobo
Fukuoka speciality.

Goboojiru 牛蒡汁 Miso soup with burdock
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Horikawa goboo 堀川牛蒡 (ほりかわごぼう)
burdock from Horikawa
One of the Kyoto Vegetables. It has been discovered under the "Horikawa" moat which Toyotomi Hideyoshi had build more than 300 years ago.
It is so big the inside is hollowed out and stuffed with minced meat of chicken or fish before it is braized.

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Yahata-maki やはたまき (八幡巻き) goboo burdock roll
Kyoto speciality.
With goboo from Yahata town.

Worldwide use

Things found on the way

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Tenugui, small towels with vegetable design

Kyooyasai 京野菜 vegetables from Kyoto
. . . CLICK here for Photos ! Kyoyasai

Kyoosai 京菜 Kyoto Vegetables
Gemüse aus Kyoto, Kyoto-Gemüse

Kyo yasai vegetables are not of origin in Kyoto, but include vegetables that have been introduced from other areas. The vegetables have adapted well to the soil and the water of Kyoto. The seeds and the cultivation methods have improved over the generations and these vegetables are now very important to the cuisine of the town. There are about 50 different kinds available, usually named after its place of origin. They are all of strong appetizing colors and mostly eaten fresh, often used in the temple kitchen and for the tea ceremony cooking. Nowadays, they are even advertised on the internet.
Many are cultivated since the Heian period and a lot grow in temple gardens. Some count 34 varieties as the traditional "Kyoto Vegetables of the temple cuisine".

Farmers wifes bring the vegetables to their customers in hand carts on certain days of the week.

Kyoto vegetables and pickles from these vegetables are also used in "obanzai" おばんざい Kyoto home cooking.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
. Kyoto Obanzai Dishes

daikon (だいこん) 大根 radish
from temple 聖護院 (Shoogooin)・辛味・青味・時無・桃山・茎・佐波賀 Sabaka in Maizuru ,郡大根
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Temple Shogo-In
This giant radish is also used for the dish called furofuki daikon "Gesimmerter Rettich".

ebiimo, ebi-imo 海老芋 sweet potatoes in the form of a shrimp and are prepared in famous dishes, like imoboo いもぼう【芋棒】potato sticks.
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kabu カブ turnips 佐波賀・松ヶ崎浮菜・聖護院 Shogoin・大内・舞鶴 , 東寺蕪 Toji kabu
Tempel Toji, Kyoto

kabocha, see
Shishigatani kabocha 鹿ヶ谷かぼちゃ pumpkin from Shishigatani, Kyoto

Kamo nasu, Kamonasu 賀茂茄子・京山  (eggplant) from the Kamigamo-area are as large as 300 to 400 grams per piece and are a summer vegetable. They are almost round. They are eaten boiled or fried with oil. With miso paste as dengaku.
They are the most well known of the Kyoto Vegetables. They are also used for pickles called "shibazuke".
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... moginasu もぎなす they are a little smaller and harvested in early summer.

Kintoki ninjin 金時人参 Kintoki carrots Kyoo ninjin 京人参 "Kyoto carrots"

Kujoo negi, kujonegi 九条葱 leek from Kujoo
Near the tmeple Tooji.
Long green onion. It tastes best in the winter time. It is rather sticky, but this gives it a sweeter taste. The contrast of the white stem and green leaves is well liked and the leaves are also eaten.
These leek dates back to 711, according to the Kyoto Prefecture's Gardening Almanac of 1909.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

kuwai クワイ arrowhead bulb
Sagittaria trifolia

kyoo takenoko 京竹の子/ 京筍 bamboo shoots from Kyoto
They are a typical spring vegetable. They are grown in special groves of Rakusai (western Kyoto) and different from the wild varieties. They are sweet and soft and can be served raw when freshly picked, only with a vinegar-miso-sauce.

kyuuri, Shoogooin kyuuri 聖護院胡瓜(キュウリ) cucumbers
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. Manganji toogarashi 万願寺唐辛子 hot green peppers from temple Mangan-Ji .

mibuna 壬生菜(ミブナ)leavy vegetables from the Mibu area
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
Mibu Temple Kyoto

mizuna (Japanese cabbage) called mibuna, grown near Mibu-dera (Mibu temple) a temple renowned for kyogen (comic drama flourished from the middle of the 14th century). The clear spring water helped with the irrigation of the fields to grow this plant. It has feathery leaves and the stalk is white and thin. The color contrast is one of its charms, so is its crunchy bite. It is used for soups, pickles, fried or in a salad.

Made with steamed and cut mibuna :
. tonsho mochi 屯所餅 "garrison mochi" .   

myooga 京茗荷(ミョウガ)Japanese ginger

sasage 柊野ささげ(ササゲ) cowpea; black-eyed pea; southern pea
Vigna sinensis. Sasage-Bohne

seri 京芹(セリ) Japanese parsley; dropwort

Shishigatani nankin (pumpkin) see:
Shishigatani kabocha 鹿ヶ谷かぼちゃ pumpkin from Shishigatani, Kyoto

Shogoin kabura, Shoogooin kabu 聖護院かぶ, a kind of turnip started with seeds from Omi brought to Kyoto during the Edo period. The thinly sliced turnips, salted and pickled with kombu (kelp) are called senmaizuke 千枚付け, which is the first of its kind to be eaten with no other food.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

sugukina 酸茎菜(スグキナ)"sour turnip leaves"
Brassica rapa var. neosuguki
They are used for the pickle called "sugukizuke".
suguki are eaten as ochazuke in Kyoto.
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toogarashi トウガラシ chilli peppers

udo, kyoo udo 京独活(ウド)京うど
mountain plant which produces fat, white, edible stalks.
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Udo from Edo

uri, Katsura uri 桂瓜(ウリ)gourd, melon
Cucumis. melo var. conomon
Katsura uri is used as the original ingredient for narazuke (pickles).
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The temple cooks and chefs of Kyoto restaurants use these fresh vegetables for traditional dishes as well as some new experiments with Westernized dishes.
Nishiki Ichiba 錦市場 (Nishiki "Brocade" Market) is the kitchen of Kyoto.
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Kyoo yasai tsumishi bakari no suzushisa ni

Kyoto vegetables -
freshly picked
they are so cool

Koono Kei-ichi 河野啓一
source : seseragi


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kiku kabura 菊かぶら / 菊蕪 "chrysanthemum turnip"
The best known are from Kamekura village 亀蔵.

This is a pickled turnip, which is cut many times and looks almost as a yellow chrysanthemum blossom. The yellow color is enhanced with seeds of the gardenia (kuchinashi). The pickle liquid is rather sweet.


For specially trained cooks, there is the title of

Meister of Kyoto Vegetables 京野菜マイスター
kyooyasai maisutaa
"Kyo-yasai Meister"

You must pass an examination to become one and get a certificate for it.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

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There is also a special logo mark for Kyoto specialities, including vegetables.
Kyoo maaku 京マーク Kyoto Speciality Logo


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furoshiki with vegetable patterns 京野菜風呂敷
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tamanokoshi (marry into the purple) charm 玉の輿お守り
to marry a rich husband or wife
with design of Kyoto Vegetables
talisman at Imamiya shrine 今宮神社
Einheirat in eine reiche Familie


sokobie no yado no kinpira goboo kana

foot-cold -
the little inn serves
burdock roots

Tsuda Teiko 津田汀子

Related words

kigo for mid-summer

***** yamagoboo no hana 山牛蒡の花 (やまごぼうのはな)
flower of the pokeroot, pokeweed
Phytolacca esculenta

yamagoboo ni ishikoro yosenu arakihari

Takada Chooi 高田蝶衣 Takada Choi


Togarashi, toogarashi 唐辛子 red hot pepper







Itokoni ... "Boiled Nephews"

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: Mid-spring
***** Category: Humanity


itokoni いとこ煮、従弟煮

mushitsujiru むしつ汁(むしつじる)mushitsu soup
. koto hajime 事始 beginning of work  

Itokoni was eaten on the first day of work in the New Year.

itoko means "nephew" and ni means boil or cook.
Soy-Simmered Kabocha Squash with Read Beans.

The naming is quite strange, is it not! Here is why:

This is a kind of hodgepodge with azuki-beans, pumpkin, goboo, big radish and tofu, falvored with soy sauce or miso.

It is a dish where the ingredients are thrown into the hot water one after another, since their time of cooking is different. This is called "oi oi ni" 追い追い煮. But OI is also the pronounciation of this character,  甥, meaning ... you guess it, nephew.
So this is a pun, a play with words.

Another try at the explanation:
The variuos vegetables used in the stew are so similar like newphews.

It was originally a dish prepared as an offering to the deities, for the New Year, O-Bon or at a family celebration.

The origin is Yamaguchi prefecture.

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Worldwide use

Things found on the way

itokojiru いとこ汁 vegetable miso soup "Nephew soup"
from Kyoto


itokoni no boofura amaki tooji kana

the pumpkin of this
itokoni is so sweet ...
winter solsitce

Snow Rabbit

Related words

***** WASHOKU : Regional Japanese Dishes

kabocha 南瓜 (かぼちゃ) pumpkin, squash



Japanische Speisen LISTE




Japanische Gerichte

Alphabetisch nach Japanischem Namen

..... AAA

Abokado to maguro no tarutaru soosu ... Thunfisch mit Avocado in Sauce Tartare 10
Abokado to maguro no wasabijooyu-ae ... Thunfisch mit Avocado in Wasabi-Sojasauce 7
Agejaga no soboro ankake ... Frittierte Kartoffeln mit dicker Gemüsesoße
Ageyurikon to shiokonbu ... Frittierte Lilienknollen mit gesalzenen Seetangstreifen

Ainu Dishes
... Chiporoimo ... Kartoffelbrei mit Lachsrogen
... Ratooshipe ... Lachs mit langer Siegwurz
... Shakejiru ... Lachssuppe

Aji no hiraki shoooyuzuke ... Getrocknete Rossmakrele in Sojasauce mariniert
Aji no sugatamori ... Sashimi von einer Rossmakrele
Amazake ... Süßer Reiswein
Asarigohan ... Reis mit kleinen Miesmuscheln
Asari no sakemushi ... In Sake gedämpfte kleine Miesmuscheln

..... BBB

Banbanji ... Kalter Gurken- und Hühnchenfleischsalat
Batterazushi, battera sushi ... gepresstes Makrelen-Sushi 37

Botannabe... Wildschwein-Eintopf

Buri daikon ... Gelbschwanz mit Rettich
Buri no sawachi ... Großer Festteller mit Gelbschwanz
Buri no teriyaki ... Gelbschwanz in Teriyaki-Sauce
Buri-zooni ..... Neujahrssuppe mit Gelbschwanz

Buta no kakuni ... Kakuni vom Schweinebauch /oder Geschmorte Schweinebauchwürfel
Butaniku no ninniku misoyaki ... Schweinefleisch in Knoblauch-Misopaste gebraten
Butaniku no misoni to shiitake ... Schweinefleisch mit Schiitake-Misopaste gebraten 12
Butaniku no shoogayaki ... mit Ingwer gebratenes Schweinefleisch
Buta udon ... Udon-Nudeln mit Schweinefleisch

..... CCC

Chagayu ... Tee-Reisbrei 35
Chankonabe ... Sumoringer-Eintopf
Chawanmushi ... Gedämpfter Eierstich

Chikuwa kyuuri ... Chikuwa mit Gurke
Chimaki ... In Bambusblätter gewickelte Mochi mit Gemüse
Chiporoimo ... Kartoffelbrei mit Lachsrogen, Ainu-Gericht
Chirashizushi ... Sushi-Reis mit Auflagen, in der Schüssel serviert

Chokobanana ... Schokoladenbanane

..... DDD

Daikon namasu ... Eingelegter Rettich mit Karotten
Daikon no torisoboro ankake ... Rettich mit Hühnerfleischsauce 8
Daikon to ume no konbu-ae ... Salat aus Rettich, Salzpflaumen und Kombu
Dashimaki ... Gerolltes süßes Omelett 41
Datemaki ... Gerolltes süßes Omelett mit Fischpaste
Dojoonabe und Yanakawanabe ... Schmerleneintopf

..... EEE

Ebichili ... Garnelen in Chilisauce
Ebifurai ... Frittierte Garnelen
Ebi-iri no sumashijiru ... Klare Suppe mit Garnelen
Ebi makaroni guratan ...Gratin mit Garnelen und Makkaroni
Ebi-oroshi kishimen ... Kishimen-Nudeln mit Tempura-Garnelen
Ebisakamushi ... Mit Sake gedämpfte Garnelen

..... FFF

Fukahiresuupu ... Haifischflossensuppe
Furofuki Daikon ... Gesimmerter Rettich

..... GGG

Genmai no tofu kuriimu doria ...Doria mit braunem Reis und Tofu
Ginnan no kuzutoji ... Gingko-Nüsse in angedickter Sauce
Goheimochi ... Reis am Spieß mit Walnuss-Miso ?Reis am Spieß mit Walnusssauce
Gomadare ... Sesamsauce
Gomadoofu Owan ... Suppe mit „Sesam-Tofu“
Gomoku-inarizushi ... Inari-Sushi mit vielen Zutaten
Gomasuri dango ...Klößchen mit Sesampaste
Gooyaa no sunomono ...Gooyaa-Gurken in Essig
Gyuuniku to goboo to konnyaku no nimono ... Eingekochtes mit Rindfleisch, japanischer Schwarzwurzel und Konnyaku
Gyuunyuu imojuusu ... Milch-Süßkartoffelsaft
Gyuunyuu nabe ... Eintopf mit Milch
Gyuunyuu raamen ... Ramen mit Milch
Gyutan bentoo ... Lunchpaket mit Rinderzunge

..... HHH

Hakusainabe... Chinakohl-Eintopf
Hakusai to hijiki no sarada ... Chinakohl-Hijiki-Algen-Salat
Hamaguri gyuunyuu nikomi ... Venusmuscheln in Milch gekocht
Hamaguri no osuimono ... Klare Suppe mit Venusmuscheln
Harakomeshi ... Reis mit Lachs und Lachsrogen
Hayashi raisu ... Haschee auf Reis

Hijiki no nimono ... Hijiki-Algen mit Bohnen gekocht
Himemasu no misoyaki ... Gegrillter Kokanee-Lachs mit Miso-Paste
Himemasu no shioyaki ... Gegrillter Kokanee-Lachs mit Salz
Hinaiya ramen ... Hinaiya-Hühnersuppe mit Nudeln
Hiyashi Shoodoshima soomen ... Kalte dünne Weizennudeln, Shoodoshima-Art
Hizunamasu, hizu namasu ... Lachskopfknorpel in Dressing 46
Hizusenbei, hizu senbei ... Senbei mit Lachskopfknorpel 49

Hoikoro ... Schweinefleisch mit Gemüse auf chinesische Art
Hoorensoo no gmoa-ae ... Spinatsalat mit Sesam 9
Hoorensoo no ohitashi ... Gekochter Spinat
Hoshigaki ... Herstellung von getrockneten Persimonen
Hoshikaibashira chuugokufuugayu ... Reissuppe mit Jakobsmuscheln auf chinesische Art (Muschelmuskeln)
Hotategai no marine ikura-ae ... Marinierte Jakobsmuscheln mit Lachsrogen

..... III

Ika no gaarikku shooyu itame ... Mit Knoblauch gebratener Tintenfisch
Ika no sugatayaki ... Im Ganzen gegrillter Tintenfisch
Ikuradon ... Lachsrogen auf einer Schale Reis
Ikura gunkanmaki ... Sushi Kriegsschiff-Rolle mit Lachsrogen
Ikuranegi ... Lachsrogen auf Lauch
Ikura-oroshi ... Geriebener Rettich mit Lachsrogen

Inaniwa udon no tomato soosu ... Udon-Nudelsalat mit Tomatensauce
Inarizushi ... Einfaches Inari-Sushi
Ingen no gomaae ... Stangenbohnen mit Sesamsoße
Iridori ... Gedämpftes Hühnerfleisch mit Beilagen 17
Ishikarinabe ... Eintopf nach Ishikari-Art
Ishiyaki ... mit heissen Steinen gekochter Eintopf
Iwashi no marinee ... Marinierte Sardinen
Iwashi to tofu no hanbaagu ... Sardinen-Hamburger mit Tofu
Izumo soba sarada ... Salat mit Izumo-Buchweizennudeln

..... JJJ

jagaaimo, jagaimo ... Kartoffeln
Jagaaimo mochi ... Kartoffelmochi
Jagaabataa ... Kartoffeln mit Butter
Jagaaimo no misojiru ... Misosuppe mit Kartoffeln
Jagaaimo to ebidango no shoogafumini ... Kartoffel-Garnelen-Klöße mit Ingwer. #Kartoffeln und Garnelenknödel mit Ingwergeschmack
Jagaaimo to matsu no mi pasuta ..... Spaghetti mit Kartoffeln und Pinienkernen
Jaaman poteto (German potato) ... Kartoffeln auf Deutsche Art
Jajamen, Jaja-Nudeln, ein Nudelgericht aus Morioka

Jibuni ... Wildente mit Gemüse gekocht
Jingiuskaan nabe ..... Dschingis Khan Eintopf mit Hammelfleisch

..... KKKK

Kabochaguratan ... Kürbis-Gratin
Kabocha no itokoni ... Gekochter Kürbis mit Bohnen
Kabocha no piinatsu age ... Gebratener Kürbis mit Erdnüssen
Kabu no shoogayaki ... Mit Ingwer gebratene Rüben
Kabura to anzu no sunomono ... Salat mit Rüben und Aprikosen
Kakeudon, kake-udon ... Warme Udon-Nudeln
Kaki furai ... Frittierte Austern
Kakigama no gomamisoyaki ... Gegrillte Beilagen in ganzer Persimmone 28
Kakigoori ... Geschabtes Eis
Kaki no dotenabe ... Austern-Eintopf im irdenen Topf
Kakinohazushi, kaki no ha sushi ... Makrelen-Sushi im Persimonenblatt 38
Kaki to beekon ... Austern mit Speck 42
Kaki muusu ... Persimonen-Mousse
Kaki no shira-ae ... Persimone mit weißem Tofu-Dressing
Kamameshi . . . Reis und Beilagen im gleichen Topf gekocht
Kamo no nanban soba ... Entenfleisch auf Buchweizennudeln 23
Kamo no okaribayaki ... Grillen von Wildentenfleisch
Kaninabe ... Krebseintopf .Krabbeneintopf
Kanitama gooma fuumi ... Omlett mit Krabbenfleisch und Sesamsauce
Kani tamagodoofu ... Krabben mit Ei und Tofu 44
Kanizoosui ... ;Angedickte Reissuppe mit Krabbenfleisch
Kara-age kamaboko sando ... Frittiertes Kamaboko-Sandwich
Katsuo no sawachi ... Großer Festteller mit Bonito
Katsuo no tataki ... Bonito-Sushi mit gehackten Frühlingszwiebeln und Knoblauch
Katsuo shutoofuumi no komatsuna-itame ... Bonito und scharf gebratener Senfspinat
Kazunoko ... Heringsrogen
Kazunoko no natsu sarada ... Sommerlicher Salat mit Herngsrogen

Kenbiki-yaki ... "Klößchen für schmerzende Schultern"
Kenchinjiru ... Klare Gemüsesuppe

Kibidango ... Hirseklößchen (oder Hirsebällchen)
Kimosui ... Suppe mit Aalleber
Kimoyaki ... Gebratene Aalleber
Kimuchi raamen ... Ramen mit Kimchi
Kinmedai no sattoni ... Kurz gekochter südlicher Kaiserbarsch
Kinokonabe, konoko nabe ... Eintopf mit Pilzen 27
Kinoko no ninnikuitame ... Gebratene Pilze mit Knoblauchgeschmack
Kinpiragoboo ... Gekochte japanische Schwarzwurzel
Kiritanpo nabe...Kiritanpo-Eintopf
Kishimen no shiitake ankake ... Kishimen-Nudeln mit Shiitake-Sauce
Kitsune hiyashi Shoodoshima soomen ... Kalte dünne Weizennudeln, Shoodoshima-Art, mit frittiertem Tofu

Konbumaki ... Kombu-Rollen
Konnyaku no gyuudon fuumi ... Konnyaku nach Art einer Rindfleisch-Reisschale
Konnyaku sashimi ... Rohes Konnyaku als Sashimi 19
Konnyaku, teami konnyaku ... Handgeflochtenes Konnyaku
Koshian no ohagi ... Mochi-Reisklösschen mit süßer Bohnepaste
Kosumosu no chikin banbanjii ... Hühnersalat mit Schmuckkörbchenblüten

Kuko no mi yakuzengayu ... Reissuppe mit der Frucht vom chinesischen Bocksdorn
Kurigohan ... Reis mit Esskastanien
... Kuri-okowa ...Mochi-Klebreis mit Esskastanien

Kurikinton ... Süßkartoffelbrei mit Esskastanien
Kuromame ... Schwarze Sojabohnen
Kuromame gohan ... Reis mit schwarzen Sojabohnen
Kuromame iritori ... Hühnerfleisch mit schwarzen Sojabohnen
Kuromame paundokeeki ... Kuchen mit schwarzen Sojabohnen
Kurumaebi no onikarayaki ... In der Schale gegrillte Geißelgarnelen

Kyabetsu to yudetamago no gomasarada ... Sesamsalat mit gekochtem Ei und Weisskohl
Kyabetsuna-sarada ... Kohl-Thunfisch-Salat
Kyuuri no uni gunkanmaki ... Seeigel-Sushi in Gurkenstreifen gewickelt
Kyuuri no tsumetai suupu udon ... Kalte Udon-Nudelsuppe mit Gurken
Kyuuri to kani no sunomono ... Gurken und Krabbenfleisch in Essigdressing

..... LLL

..... MMM

Maaboodoofu ... Tofu mit Hackfleisch in scharfer chinesischer Sauce
Macha aisu..... Eiscreme mit grünem Pulvertee
Madako no yawarakani ... Weichgekochter Krake
Magurodon ... Thunfischstücke auf Reis
Maguro no kara-age ... Frittierte Thunfischstücke
Mamakari no chazuke ... Schale Reis mit Mamakari-Sardinen und grünem Tee übergossen
Mamakari no su-zuke ... Mamakari-Sardinen in Reisessig eingelegt
Mamakarizushi ... Sushi mit Mamakari-Sardinen
Maruimo toofu ... Tofu aus runden Jamswurzeln
Matsuzakagyuu ... Matsuzaka-Rindfleisch 32

Mebaru no shioyaki ... Gegrillter Rotbarsch mit Salz
Mentsuyu ... Brühe für die Nudeln – Grundrezept
Miso, jikasei ... Herstellung von Miso-Paste zu Hause / DAS Miso
Miso bataa kukkii ... Butterkekse mit Miso
Miso dengaku ... Gebratener Tofu oder Konnyaku oder Fisch mit Misopaste 20
Miso goma konsai ... Gemüse gekocht mit Miso-Paste
Misokatsu ... Miso-Schnitzel #Kotelett mit Misosauce
Miso raamen ... Miso-Ramen

Momotaro reisei pasuta ... Kalte Spagetti mit Momotaro-Tomaten
Momijinabe ... Hirschfleisch-Eintopf
Momo to edamame no shira-ae ... Pfirsich und Edamame in weißer Sauce
Moyashi no raayu-ae ... Bohnensprossen mit Chiliöl
Moyashisarada ... Bohnensprossensalat mit Sesam

Mushitori ... Gedämpftes Hühnerfleisch

Myooga no amasuzuke ... Japanischer Myoga-Ingwer in Essig süßsauer eingelegt
Myooga no su-ae ... Japanischer Myoga-Ingwer mit Essig-Dressing angemacht

..... NNN

Nabeyakiudon ... Udon im irdenen Topf gekocht
Namakyarameru ... Weiche Sahne-Karamellbonbons
Nanbu senbei ... Nanbu-Waffeln aus Morioka
Narazuke ... Eingelegtes Gemüse auf NARA-Art, in Sake-Treber
Nasu dengaku ... Auberginen mit Miso-Paste
Nasu no miso-itame ... Mit Misopaste gebratene Auberginen
Nasu no toriniku hasami-age …Hünherhackfleisch in Auberginen

Nikaki ... Gekochte Austern
Nikujagaa ... Rindfleisch mit Kartoffeln
Nimono ... Gekochtes Allerlei
Nimono no sawachi ... Großer Festteller mit gekochtem Gemüse
Ninnikuage ... Frittierter Knoblauch
Ninniku shooyu ... Knoblauch-Sojasauce
Nishin udon ... Udon-Nudeln mit Hering
Nishoku tamago ... Zweifarben-Ei

Nori chiizu toosuto ... Käsetoast mit Nori
Noto-don ... Reisschale mit Produkten aus der Noto-Gegend

..... OOO

Ochazuke ...Schale Reis mit grünem Tee übergossen (chazuke)
Ogura toosuto ... Ogura-Toast mit süßem Bohnenmus 29
Okaka chiizu nigiri ... Reisball mit Katsuobushiflocken und Käse
Okara no okonomiyaki ... Japanische Pfannkuchen mit Okara-Tofu-Rückständen
Okonomiyaki Osaka fuu ... Japanische Pfannkuchen im Osaka-Stil
Okonomiyaki Hiroshima fuu ... Japanische Pfannkuchen im Hiroshima-Stil 43
Okura sarada ... Okura-Salat 11
Okura ikanatto ... Okra-Tintenfisch-Natto
Omuraisu ... Reisomelett
Onigiri ... Reisball
Orenji chiizu keeki ... Käsekuchen mit Orangengeschmack
Osuimono ... Klare Suppe
Otsukuri ... Gemischtes Sashimi
Oyaki ... Gefüllte Küchlein ?gefüllte Reisküchlein
Oyako donburi ... Reis mit Huhn und Ei. Eltern (Huhn) und Kind (Ei) auf Reis
Ozooni Kanto-fuu ... Neujahrssuppe nach Kanto-Art

..... PPP

Pirikara nikumiso ... Scharfes Schweinehackfleisch in Miso 15
Ponzu ... Ponzu-Sauce

..... QQQ

..... RRR

Raamen ... Ramen, chinesische Nudelsuppe
Rakkasei-iri yakiniku no tare ... Grillsauce mit Erdnüssen
Rakkyoo no suzuke ... Schalotten in Essig eingelegt
Rea chiizu keeki (rare cheese cake) ... Käsesahnetorte
Reimen ... Kalte Nudeln
Renkon chippusu ... Lotoswurzel-Chips 16
Robatayaki ... am offenen Holzkohlengrill zubereitet
..... Yasai no Robatayaki .... Gemüse-Robatayaki
Ruibe ... Angetautes Lachs-Sashimi 47

..... SSS

Saba no misoni ... Makrele in Miso gesimmert
Sabazushi ..... Makrelen-Sushi
Sakuracha ... Kirschblütentee
Sakurameshi ... Mit Sojasauce und Reiswein gekochter Reis
Sakuramochi ... Reisküchlein mit Kirschblüten
Samefurai. same furai ... Frittiertes Haifischfilet
Same no amazu ankake ... Haifischfleisch mit süßsaurer dicker Sauce
Sanma no shioyaki ... Mit Salz gegrillter Makrelenhecht
Sanma to eringi no shooyuyaki ... Gebratener Makrelenhecht mit Eringi-Pilzen
Sansai gohan ... Reis mit Berggemüse
Sanuki udon ... Udon-Nudeln nach Sanuki-Art
Sapporo raamen ... Ramen aus Sapporo
Sasakamaboko ... Fischpastete im Form eines Bambusblattes
Satoimo no shironi ... Gekochte Taro-Wurzeln
Satoimo to hikiniku no ankake ...Taro-Wurzeln mit Hackfleisch und dicker Sauce
Satsumaimo no tenpura ... Tempura von Süßkartoffeln
Sawachi ryoori ... Großer Festteller mit Speisen

Sekihan ... Reis für Feierlichkeiten, mit roten Bohnen gekocht

Shakejiru ... Lachssuppe
Shake no kimimayoyaki ... Lachs mit Eigelb-Mayonnaise-Soße überbacken
Shake no sakamushi ... Lachs in Reiswein gedünstet 48
Shake no teriyaki ... Teriyaki vom Lachs 50
Shiitake no hoorokuyaki ... Shiitakepilze in der Röstpfanne zubereitet
Shiitake no kuriimuni ... Shiitakepilze in Cremesoße
Shijimi no misojiru ... Misosuppe mit Körbchenmuscheln
Shimesaba ... Marinierte Makrele 36
Shimitoofu ankakemushi ... Gefrorener Tofu mit dicker Sauce aus Pfeilwurz-Stärke
Shimonitta negi no kakiage ... Geschnitzeltes Tempura von Shimonitta-Lauch 21
Shio raamen ... Ramen mit Salz
Shira-ae ... Dressing mit weißem Sesam, Miso und Tofu
Shiragayu ... Einfache Frühstücks-Reissuppe
Shiromi sakana no misozukeyaki ... In Miso-Sauce eingelegter weißer gebratener Fisch
Shoodoshima hiyashi soomen ... Kalte dünne Weizennudeln, Shoodoshima-Art
Shoodoshima . Kitsune hiyashi soomen ... Kalte dünne Weizennudeln, Shoodoshima-Art, mit frittiertem Tofu
Shooga no amazuzuke ... Ingwer mariniert in süßem Essig
Shooyu mame ... Saubohnen in Sojasauce
Shooyu raamen ..... Ramen mit Sojasauce
Shutoofuumi no komatsuna itame ... Bonitofischklein und scharf gebratener Senfspinat

Soboro donburi... Huhn und Ei auf Reis
(Grobes Hünerhackfleisch und Ei auf Reis)

soosu ... Saucen
Gomadare ... Sesamsauce
Okonomiyaki soosu ..... Okonomiyaki-Sauce
Ponzu ... Ponzu-Sauce
Takoyaki soosu ... Takoyaki-Sauce
Tonkatsu soosu ... Tonkatsu-Sauce
. . . Tokusei tonkatsu soosu ... Würzige Tonkatsu-Sauce

Subuta ... Schweinefleisch in süßsaurer Sauce
Sugaki ... Austern in Essig-Dressing
Sukiyaki ... Sukiyaki mit Rindfleisch 33

..... TTT

Taimen ... Seebrasse mit Nudeln
Taimeshi ... Reis mit Seebrasse
Tai no hamayaki ... Am Strand gegrillte Seebrasse
Tai no misoyaki ... Rote Seebrasse, mit Misopaste gebraten
Tai no ushiojirufuu ... Seebrassenkopf in Salzsuppe
Tai no yakizuke ...Gegrillte Seebrasse mariniert
Takenoko no sugagazsushi ... Bambussprossen-Sushi
Takikomigohan . . . Reis gekocht mit weiteren Zutaten
Takoraisu doria ...Doria mit Reis und Würstchen
Takoyaki ... Oktopus-Teigbällchen
Tamagokake gohan ... Reis mit rohem Ei
Tamago no okayu ... Reissuppe mit Ei
Tamanegi no okonomiyaki ... Japanische Pfannkuchen mit Zwiebeln
Tarachirinabe.... Kabeljau-Eintopf
Tazukuri ... Gezuckerte trockene Sardienen

Tendon ... Schale Reis mit Tempura
Teppanyaki, Gyokai to yasai no teppanyaki ... Gemischte Grillplatte mit Meeresfrüchten und Gemüse
Teriyaki chikin (Chicken) ... Huhn in Teriyaki-Sauce, mit Hähnchenbrust

Tobiuo no satsuma-age ... Frittierte Fischbällchen vom fliegenden Fisch
Tomato to abokado no wasabijooyu ...Tomaten-Avocadovorspeise mit Wasabi-Sojasauce

Tonkatsu ... Schweineschnitzel
Toofu dengaku ... Gegrillter Tofu mit Misopaste 31
Toofu no mayo namashooga yaki ... Gebratener Tofu mit Ingwer und Mayonnaise
Toofu no misozuke ... Tofu mit Miso-Sauce
Toofu shinjo ... Tofu-Bällchen mit Gemüse
Toofu to soboro no suupu ... Suppe mit Tofu und grobem Hühnerhackfleisch
Toofu to tomato no mirufiiyu... Geschichteter Tofu mit Tomatensoße
Toonyuu chankonabe ... Sumoringer-Eintopf mit Sojabohnenmilch

Torimuneniku no miso chiizuyaki ... Hüherbrust mit Käse und Miso-Paste
Toriniku no narutomaki ... Hühnerfleisch in Wirsing gewickelt
Tori no oroshi ponzukake …Hühnerfleisch mit geriebenem Rettich und Ponzu-Sauce
Toriniku to seri no zatsuni ... Gekochtes Hühnerfleisch mit Brunnenkresse
Toriniku no tatsuta-age ... Frittiertes Hühnerfleisch nach Tatsuta-Art
Tori no kara-age ... Frittiertes Hünerfleisch 14
Tori no nanbanyaki ... Huhn auf Nanban-Art („Art der südlichen Barbaren“)
Torisasami no kazeboshi ... Luftgetrocknetes weißes Hühnerfleisch
Tororo tsukimi soba ... Buchweizennudeln, geriebene Jamswurzel und Ei

Tsukemono-iri rooru inarizushi ... Gerolltes Inari-Sushi mit eingelegtem Gemüse
Tsukimi dango ... Klößchen für die Mondschau
Tsukimidoofu ... "Vollmond-Tofu"
Tsukimi soba ... Buchweizennudelsuppe mit "Vollmond-Ei"

..... UUU

Udon no ume doresshingu ... Udon-Nudeln mit Salzpflaumen-Dressing
Udon tsukeawase no tenpura ... Tempura als Beilage yu warmen oder kalten Udon-Nudeln
Umaki ... Gebratener Aal in Omelett gerollt
Umemayo nigiri ... Reisball mit Salzpflaumenpaste und Mayonaise
Unagi no shiroyaki ... Einfach gegrillter Aal
Unajuu (kabayaki) ... Gegrillter Aal mit Sauce auf Reis
Unidon ... Seeigel auf Reis
Unohana chakinshibori ... Rückstände bei der Herstellung von Tofu, im Teetuch ausgewrungen
Ushiojiru ... Suppe mit Meeresfrüchten
Uzaku ... Aal-Salat

..... VVV

..... WWW

Wafuu agekurokke ... Frittierte Krokette, japanische Art
Wafuu hanbaagu ... Hamburger, japanische Art
Wakamesuupu ... Wakame-Suppe
Wakame to toofu no misojiru ... Misosuppe mit Seetang und Tofu 40
Wankosoba ... Nudeln aus Morioka. Soba-Nudeln aus der Essschale
Wankosoba teishoku ... Wankosoba-Menü
Warigo Izumo soba ... Izumo-Buchweizennudeln in gestapelten Kästen
Wasabi taimeshi ...Seebrasse auf Reis mit Wasabi

..... XYZ

Yaki purin ... Vanillepudding mit Karamellsoße
Yakiniku ... Gegrilltes Fleisch
Yakisakana ... Bratfisch (kann auch gegrillt sein)
Yakisakana soosu ... Negi shichimi ... Frühlingszwiebeln-Sieben-Gewürze-Mischung-Paste für Bratfisch
Yakisoba ... Gebratene Nudeln

Yomogimochi ... Beifuß-Reiskuchen
Yookan ... Süßes Bohnengelee
Yosenabe ... Eintopfgericht

Yuba sashi ... Yuba- Haut der Soyabohnenmilch, als Sashimi zubereitet
Yudoofu ... Warmer Tofu
Yudoofu tamago soosu ... Warmer Tofu mit Eisauce
Yukihana shuumai ... Shumai-Teigtaschen mit Tofu
Yurine to gyuuniku no kurokoshoo itame ... Lilienknollen und Rindfleisch gebraten mit schwarzem Pfeffer

Zaruudon, zaru-udon ... Kalte Udon-Nudeln
Zarusoba ... Kalte Buchweizen-Nudeln 22
Zundamochi ... Reiskuchen mit Edamame-Paste


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WASHOKU : General Information

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