Bowl of rice with topping (donburi 丼)

***** Location: Japan
***** Season:
***** Category: Humanity


donburi 丼 ... a bowl of rice topped with some food.
The dish is usually served in a special pot with a lid.

"Things in a bowl", 丼物

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The first DONBURI was invented in Edo.
A rich merchant used to order kabayaki 蒲焼 grilled eel and wanted to eat it hot. But while the servant was fetching the food, it had cooled down. So the merchant got the idea to place the grilled fish on hot rice during the carrying of the fish to his store . . . and this soon became the custom with other food that tasts best when served hot.

. unagi no kabayaki
skewered grilled eel with a soy and mirin sauce, .


Donburi (kanji: 丼; hiragana: どんぶり, lit. "bowl", also frequently abbreviated as "don", thus less commonly spelled "domburi") is a Japanese "rice bowl dish" consisting of fish, meat, vegetables or other ingredients simmered together and served over rice. Donburi meals are served in oversized rice bowls also called donburi. Donburi are sometimes called sweetened or savory stews on rice.

The simmering sauce varies according to season, ingredient, region, and taste. A typical sauce might consist of dashi flavored with shoyu and mirin. Proportions vary, but there is normally three to four times as much dashi as shoyu and mirin. For oyakodon, Tsuji (1980) recommends dashi flavored with light soy sauce, dark soy sauce, and sugar. For gyudon, Tsuji recommends water flavored with dark soy sauce and mirin.

Traditional Japanese donburi include the following:

Tamagodon (玉子丼): a scrambled egg mixed with sweet donburi sauce on rice.
Oyakodon (親子丼): simmered chicken, egg and onion on rice.
Katsudon (カツ丼): breaded deep-fried pork cutlets (tonkatsu), onion, and egg on rice.
Tenshindon (天津丼): a Chinese-Japanese specialty, consisting of a crabmeat omelet on rice,this is called 天津飯 tenshinhan, named for Tianjin, China.
Tekkadon (鉄火丼): thin-sliced raw tuna over rice. Spicy tekkadon is made with what can be a mix of spicy ingredients, a spicy orange sauce, or both (usually incorporates spring onions).
Negitorodon (ネギトロ丼): diced toro (fatty tuna) and negi (spring onions) on rice.
Tendon (天丼): tempura shrimp and vegetables on rice.
Gyūdon (牛丼): beef and onion on rice.
Unadon (鰻丼): unagi kabayaki (grilled eel) on rice.

Donburi can be made from almost any ingredients, including left-overs. Inexpensive Chinese restaurants in Japan often serve chūkadon (中華丼) or gomoku-chukadon (五目中華丼)—stir-fried assorted vegetables with some meat over rice in a big bowl. Not traditionally Japanese or Chinese, the hybrid dish indicates the popularity of donburi in Japan.
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gyuudon, gyudon


puchidon, puchi don プチドン/ プチ丼 small bowl of food
This is becoming popular with the female office workers for a small lunch. Or as a set with five small bowls of different tastes: puchidon setto プチ丼セット.
Three different small bowls, sanshoku puchidon 三色プチ丼.
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Worldwide use

Gemüse, Fleisch oder andere Komponenten auf Reis in einer Schale.

Oyakodon (mit Eiern und Hühnchen)
Katsudon (mit paniertem Schweinekotelett)
Gyudon (mit Rindfleisch)
Butadon oder Tondon (mit Schweinefleisch)
Yakitoridon (mit Yakitori)
Tamagodon (mit Eiern)
Tendon (mit Tempura)
Mabodon (mit Mapo-Tofu)
Magurodon (mit Thunfisch)
Ikuradon (mit Lachslaich)
Unadon (mit Aal)

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Things found on the way

donburi kanjo, donburi kanjoo, 丼勘定
to do business without keeping proper books. Calculating unsystematically.


kita no sora kaisendon o tanomikeri

sky of the north -
I order a bowl of
seafood on rice

Someko 染子
Tr. Gabi Greve

Related words

***** WASHOKU : General Information


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