11/04/2009

Maguro tunafish

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Thunafish, tuna (maguro)

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: Various, see below
***** Category: Animal


skipjack katsuo bonito see below

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Explanation


kigo for all winter

Tuna, maguro 鮪 (まぐろ)
shibi しび tuna
(shibi is also the name of a temple roof decoration, see German below.)


"black tuna", bluefin tuna, kuromaguro 黒鮪(くろまぐろ)
... Thunnus thynnus
"real tuna", hon maguro 本鮪(ほんまぐろ)Atlantic bluefin

binnaga maguro 鬢長, ビンナガマグロ Thunnus alalunga, "White tuna"
kihada キハダマグロ Thunnus albacares. Gelbflossen-Thunfisch
koshinaga コシナガ / 腰長 Thunnus tonggol. Longtail tuna
mebachi めばち / 眼撥 Thunna obesus. big-eyed tuna. großäugiger Thunfisch
minami maguro ミナミマグロ Thunnus maccoyii
taiseiyoo maguro タイセイヨウマグロ Thunnus atlanticus


boat for fishing for tuna, magurobune 鮪船(まぐろぶね)
fishing for tuna, maguro tsuri 鮪釣(まぐろつり)
net for tuna, maguro ami 鮪網(まぐろあみ)



maguronabe 鮪鍋(まぐろなべ)hodgepodge with tunafish
often leek (negi) is added to make a
negima nabe 葱鮪鍋(ねぎまなべ)
This was a speciality of Edo. the MA in the name refers to the MAguro fish.

. . . CLICK here for Photos !


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kigo for all spring

meji めじ small tuna, young tuna
komeji 小めじ(こめじ), meji maguro めじまぐろ . めじ鮪

. . . CLICK here for Photos !

junger Thunfisch

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Tuna
are ocean-dwelling carnivorous fish in the family Scombridae, mostly in the genus Thunnus. Tuna are fast swimmers—they have been clocked at 70 kilometres per hour (43 mph)—and include several warm-blooded species. Unlike most fish, which have white flesh, tuna flesh is pink to dark red, which could explain their odd nick-name, "rose of the sea." The red coloring comes from tuna muscle tissue's greater quantities of myoglobin, an oxygen-binding molecule. Some of the larger species, such as the bluefin tuna, can raise their blood temperature riri above water temperature through muscular activity. This ability enables them to live in cooler waters and to survive in a wide range of ocean environments.
A remarkable aspect of Thunnus physiology is its ability to maintain body temperature above than that of the ambient seawater.

The Thunnus genus includes 8 species:
Albacore, Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre, 1788). binchoo maguro
Yellowfin tuna, Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre, 1788). kihada
Blackfin tuna, Thunnus atlanticus (Lesson, 1831).
Southern bluefin tuna, Thunnus maccoyii (Castelnau, 1872).
Bigeye tuna, Thunnus obesus (Lowe, 1839). mebachi
Pacific bluefin tuna, Thunnus orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844).
Northern bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758).
Longtail tuna, Thunnus tonggol (Bleeker, 1851).

Canned tuna was first produced in 1903, quickly becoming popular. Tuna is canned in a variety of edible oils or in brine.

© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


The names for the small fish, too small to take out

albacore - tonbo, tombo
bluefin - meji
big eye - daruma
yellowfin - kimeji, ki meji

. . . CLICK here for Photos !: mebachi daruma
ちいさいめばちは「だるま」


. WASHOKU
Fish called DARUMA



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The most important harbors for maguro are in Ooma 大間, Aomori, and in Misaki 三崎, Kanagawa 三崎まぐろ.

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Ooma maguro 大間まぐろ Maguro from Oma harbour
often fished with one line in the rough sea toward Hokkaido



Tuna auctions at Tsukiji Market in Tokyo
Tsukiji, the big fish market in Tokyo 築地市場, Tsukiji shijoo



Oroshi hocho, oroshiboochoo
( おろし包丁, "wholesale knife") and
hancho hocho (半丁包丁, "half-tool knife")
are extremely long, highly specialized knives used in Japan to fillet tuna and other large fish.
The hancho hocho is also sometimes called a maguro kiri ( マグロ切, "tuna-cutter").
. WASHOKU
Japanese knives




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Dishes with Maguro 鮪料理
maguro ryoori


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tsuna ツナ tuna
shiichikin シーチキン "sea chicken" white tuna
. . . CLICK here for Photos !



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akami 赤身 top loin of Bluefin tuna


maguro chazuke マグロ茶漬け tuna on rice with green tea
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
Thunfisch-Stücke auf Reis mit grünem Tee übergossen


magurodon, maguro-don まぐろ丼 cooked rice with tuna on top
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
Schüssel Reis mit Thunfisch



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maguro kabuto マグロかぶと / マグロ兜 head of a tuna
speciality in harbour restaurants



maguro no oroshiae まぐろのおろしあえ
mit geriebenem Rettich angemachter Thunfisch
. . . CLICK here for Photos !



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maguro sashimi まぐろ刺身 Sashimi with tuna meat



maguro sushi まぐろ 寿司
. . . CLICK here for Photos !



maguro suteeki まぐろステーキ Maguro-Steak
. . . CLICK here for Photos !



negima 葱鮪 dishes with leek and maguro
maguro negima まぐろねぎま 
. . . CLICK here for Photos !



negitoro, negi-toro 葱とろ (ねぎとろ) Bluefin tuna belly and chopped green onion
served at the sushi bar
negitoro don ねぎとろ丼 served on rice
. . . CLICK here for Photos !


shiro maguro (白鮪) Binnaga orBincho (鬢長) "white tuna"
on sushi rice



toro とろ meat for sashimi
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ootoro (大とろ) Otoro: fattiest portion of Bluefin tuna belly
toro (とろ) fatty Bluefin tuna belly
chuutoro (中とろ) chutoro : medium-fat Bluefin Tuna belly



yamakake 山掛け tuna on rice with grated yam
..... yamakake maguro 山掛けまぐろ
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
Thunfisch-Stücke auf Reis mit geriebener Jamswurzel



yokowa maguro ヨコワまぐろ meat from the ribs of very young bluefin tuna, not more than 3 kg of body weight. baby tuna, young tuna.
Served as sashimi in Fukuoka.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !



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Worldwide use

Germany

Thun, Thunfisch

CLICK for more information Ein alter Name für Maguro ist in Japan SHIBI 鴟尾; 鵄尾; 蚩尾, er stammt aus dem Chinesischen. Diese Bezeichnung hat sich übertragen auf die fischschwanzförmige Verzierung der Endziegel auf dem Dachfirst eineswichtigen Gebäudes, zum Beispiel Schloss oder Tempel. Dieser „Fischschwanz“ soll als Repräsentant der Gottheit des Wassers das Schloss oder den Tempel vor Brandgefahr schützen. Daraus hat sich dann auch der shachihoko しゃちほこ Ziegel entwickelt, ev. auch allgemein der "Demon tile" onigawara 鬼瓦.


Thunnus alalunga: der Weiße Thun
Thunnus albacares: der Gelbflossen-Thun
Thunnus maccoyii: der Südliche Blauflossen-Thun
Thunnus obesus: der Großaugen-Thun
Thunnus orientalis: der Nordpazifische Blauflossen-Thun
Thunnus thynnus: der Rote Thun
Thunnus tonggol: der Langschwanz-Thun
Mehr in der WIKIPEDIA !


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. Yellowfin tuna (thamad)  
Yemen


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Things found on the way



だるまマグロ Daruma Maguro
Lately sold at Tsukiji Fish Market in Tokyo for rather cheap.
メバチマグロの幼魚です. supposed to be the baby of a mebachi maguro.
Good for sashimi
. . . CLICK here for Photos !



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HAIKU and SENRYU



居酒屋に靄たちこむる葱鮪かな
izakaya ni kiri tachikomuru negima kana

at the local pub
mist is gathering -
tuna with leek


Inoue Aa 井上唖々 (1878 - 1923)




四代を生きて傘寿や葱鮪鍋
yondai o ikite sanju ya negima nabe

on my 80th birthday
I look back at four generations -
tuna hodgepodge


Machida Shigeki 町田しげき



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tuna hodgepodge



葱鮪鍋下町に闇にはかなり
negima nabe shitamachi ni yami ni hakanari

tuna hodgepodge -
downtown is slowly
getting dark


Itoo Kango 伊藤完吾 Ito Kango (1972 - )



あたたかき葱鮪の湯気やぶしやうひげ
日野草城

たれかれの話となりし葱鮪かな
斎藤優二郎

一族の影の濃くなる葱鮪鍋
八木荘一


葱鮪鍋つつく合縁奇縁かな
清水基吉

葱鮪鍋もも引渡世難きかな
秋山夏樹

source : HAIKUreikuDB


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Related words


***** kajiki maguro 梶木鮪 (かじきまぐろ, 旗魚鮪) marlin
..... kajiki 旗魚 swordfish
Makaira mitsukurii
fishing for marlin, kajiki tsuri かじき釣り(かじきつり)
kigo for all winter


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***** katsuo 鰹 bonito
skipjack tuna
Katsuwonus pelamis
. . . Katsuo and related kigo
kigo for all summer


Dried bonito pieces (katsuobushi 鰹節)

Sawachi food from Tosa 皿鉢料理 sawachi ryoori with bonito katsuo tataki


first bonito, hatsu gatsuo, hatsugatsuo 初鰹 (はつがつお)
kigo for early summer

The first catch of the season.
First things were much loved in Edo and people payed high prices to get them, some were even first offered at a shrine before consumption.
. WKD : First Things .

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bonito in autumn, akigatsuo, aki gatsuo 秋鰹 (あきがつお)

soodagatsuo 宗太鰹 (そうだがつお ) frigate mackerel
marudooda 丸宗太(まるそうだ)"round Soda"
hiresooda 平宗太(ひらそうだ) "flat Soda"
kigo for all autumn
Soda katsuo, Auxis thazard


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. hatsugatsuo no shinku 初鰹神供 (はつがつおのしんく)
offering first bonito .

at shrine Hachimangu, Kamakura
with a hokku by Matsuo Basho about the hatsugatsuo from Kamakura

observance kigo for the New Year

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hatsugatsuo uri 初鰹売り  first Katsuo vendor in Edo

The vendors started to come around in the fourth lunar month.


昼までの勝負と歩く初鰹
hiru made no shoobu to aruku hatsugatsuo

walking around till lunchtime
for victory or defeat -
first bonito


They took a risk like any street vendor, but their risk (shoobu) was rather small, since most Edoites would pay any sum to get this fish.


初鰹かついだままで見せている
hatsugatsuo katsuida mama de misete iru

the first bonito
shown while still carrying
the tubs on the shoulders


The vendors were so busy, they did not take the time to put their shoulder poles down and place the tubs on the ground.


あての有るようにかけ出す鰹売り
ate no aru yoo ni kakedasu katsuo uri

the bonito vendor
begins to run as if he knew
where he is heading


Still, they made their best business while just walking around, calling out their merchandise.

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu in Edo .


source : www5e.biglobe.ne.jp/~mitta/town


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- - - - - Matsuo Basho


鰹売いかなる人を酔すらん 
katsuo uri ikanaru hito o yowasuran 

A bonito monger -
What people does he charm
With his pitch?

Tr. Takafumi Saito



又越む佐夜の中山はつ松魚  
mata koemu Sayo no Nakayama hatsugatsuo

I want to cross it again
this mountain pass of Sayo -
first katsuo skipjack

Tr. Gabi Greve

He had eaten skipjack before crossing this dangerous pass and now remembers this meal fondly.

koeru 超える to cross over a pass


MORE - hokku about Sayo no Nakayama by
. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .



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source : www.kabuki-za.com

Utagawa Toyokuni 歌川豊国



***** WASHOKU : FISH and SEAFOOD SAIJIKI

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4 comments:

Anonymous said...

"Nice, Gabi! I love Maguro, Hirame,Sake and Hotategai...Sashimi"
Deborah Russell
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anonymous said...

Thank you dear Gabi san... yummmyyyy with a wasabi "kick"!!

Ah...wasabi
the sushi chef
must be Irish!

Chibi
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Anonymous said...

HILLEL WRIGHT wrote in the Japan Times:
The Marine Stewardship Council, which assesses fisheries world-wide and issues its eco-label to those it certifies as sustainable, currently lists 86 such fisheries, including three tuna fisheries — or four if skipjack tuna is included.

They are: The American Albacore Fishing Association (AAFA), the American Western Fishboat Owners Association (WFOA) and the Canadian Highly Migratory Species Foundation (CHMSF) — all three of which fish for albacore in the North Pacific, although the AAFA also takes them from the South Pacific.

Are Japan's fish lovers eating tuna to extinction?

Read the full article here
http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/fl20110109x3.html

Gabi Greve - Issa said...

Kobayashi Issa

大将の前やどっさり初松魚
taishoo no mae ya dossari hatsu-gatsuo

so many slices
in front of the boss --
the year's first bonito

This summer hokku is from the end of fourth month (early June) of 1820. In Issa's time bonito or skipjack tuna was considered a delicacy and was very popular with people living in Edo. In early summer, when the first northward-swimming bonito of the year arrived in the Pacific off Mt. Fuji and Kamakura, south of Edo, the bonito caught off Kamakura were immediately rushed live on horseback to the fish market in Edo. Not only was the fish delicious, but it was believed that eating one of the first bonito of the year would add weeks or even years to your life, and because of the demand, the price was very high. Even a few slices of bonito were considered a feast by most ordinary people. The local rich man or power broker who seems to be evoked in the hokku, however, lives in another world, and he must have paid a small fortune to buy the several bonito that now, sliced, cover the table or trays in front of him. Or perhaps he has received several bonito as presents, for which he will later return the favor.

The word taishou in the first line means literally 'military leader; general,' but in Issa's time commoners often used this word in several non-military senses. It referred respectfully to the male or female head of a group, such as an organization head, a construction site director, or the owner of a large firm. It also referred to any esteemed local person who had power or prestige in the neighborhood or community, including even high-ranking courtesans in the Yoshiwara licensed quarter. By extension, it was used to respectfully but playfully refer to or address people you knew well and wanted to praise -- or perhaps playfully chide, since it could refer to the leader of a gang of young boys. Even in modern Japanese it is still sometimes used to refer to the head of an organization or group, to the owner of a sushi bar, to the head cook at a restaurant, to actors and actresses, or to the director of a kendo fencing contest.

Chris Drake